• The JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT (JATEM) aims to distribute scientific and timely information for the academic community and industry relevant to all fields related to agronomy, technology and engineering management, respectively. It covers fundamental and applied research in the following, as well as related fields. Our aim is to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical research in as much detail as possible. Full experimental or methodical details must be provided for research articles. There are, in addition, unique features of this journal:

    • manuscripts regarding research proposals and research ideas will be particularly welcomed
    • computed data or files regarding the full details of the experimental procedure, if unable to be published in a normal way, can be deposited as supplementary material
    • we also accept manuscripts communicating to a broader audience with regard to research projects financed with public funds
  • ABOUT JOURNAL

    • Editorial Policy

      Editorial Responsibilities

      The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for deciding which articles submitted to JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT will be published. The Editor-in-Chief/Editor is guided by the Editorial Policy and constrained by legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism.

      The Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to decide not to publish submitted manuscripts in case it is found that they do not meet relevant standards concerning the content and formal aspects.

      Editor-in-Chief/Editor must hold no conflict of interest with regard to the articles they consider for publication. If an Editor feels that there is likely to be a perception of a conflict of interest in relation to their handling of a submission, the selection of reviewers and all decisions on the paper shall be made by the Editorial Stuff under condition that the member(s) holding a conflict of interest are withdrawn from the selection.

      Editor-in-Chief/Editor shall evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content free from any racial, gender, sexual, religious, ethnic, or political bias.

      The Editor and the Editorial Staff must not use unpublished materials disclosed in submitted manuscripts without the express written consent of the authors. The information and ideas presented in submitted manuscripts shall be kept confidential and must not be used for personal gain.

      Editors and the Editorial Staff shall take all reasonable measures to ensure that the reviewers remain anonymous to the authors before, during and after the evaluation process.

      Open Access Policy

      The journal JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT is published under an Open Access licence. All its content is available free of charge. Users can read, download, copy, distribute, print, search the full text of articles, as well as to establish HTML links to them, without having to seek the consent of the author or publisher.

      The right to use content without consent does not release the users from the obligation to give the credit to the journal and its content in a manner described under Licensing.

      ARTICLE PROCESSING CHARGE

      All articles published in Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (ISSN 2620-1755) are published in full open access. An article processing charge (APC) of 100 EUR (Euros) applies to papers accepted after peer review.

      Please note that for papers submitted after 15 November 2022, an APC of 100 EUR will apply.

      Local VAT or Sales Tax will be added if applicable.

      Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Note that many national and private research funding organizations and universities explicitly cover APCs for articles resulting from funded research projects.

      COPYRIGHT

      Authors retain copyright of the published papers and grant to the publisher the non-exclusive right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media.

      DISCLAIMER

      The views expressed in the published works do not express the views of the editors and Editorial Staff. The authors take legal and moral responsibility for the ideas expressed in the articles. Publisher shall have no liability in the event of issuance of any claims for damages. The Publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.

    • Review Policy

      Guidelines for Reviewers

      Peer review is an essential part of the publication process, ensuring that the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management maintains high-quality standards for its published papers. Reviewing is often an unseen and unrewarded task. We are striving to recognize the efforts of reviewers.

      Invitation to Review

      Manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management are reviewed by at least two experts. Reviewers are asked to evaluate the quality of the manuscript and to provide a recommendation to the external editor on whether a manuscript can be accepted, requires revisions, or should be rejected.

      We ask invited reviewers to:

      • accept or decline any invitations quickly, based on the manuscript title and abstract;
      • suggest alternative reviewers if an invitation must be declined;
      • request an extension in case more time is required to compose a report.

      As part of the assessment, reviewers will be asked:

      • to rate the originality, significance, quality of the presentation, scientific soundness, interest to the readers, overall merit, and English level of the manuscript;
      • to look at the reference list of the manuscript;
      • to provide an overall recommendation for the publication of the manuscript;
      • to provide a detailed, constructive review report.
      Potential Conflicts of Interests

      We ask reviewers to inform the journal editor if they hold a conflict of interests that may prejudice the review report, either positively or negatively. The editorial office will check as far as possible before the invitation, however, we appreciate the cooperation of reviewers in this matter. Reviewers who are invited to assess a manuscript they previously reviewed for another journal should not consider this as a conflict of interest in itself. In this case, reviewers should feel free to let us know if the manuscript has been improved or not compared to the previous version.

      Confidentiality and Anonymity

      Reviewers should keep the content of the manuscript, including the abstract, confidential. The Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management operate single or double-blind peer review. Reviewers should be careful not to reveal their identity to the authors, either in their comments or in metadata for reports submitted in Microsoft Word or PDF format.

      Peer-Review and Editorial Procedure

      All manuscripts sent for publication in the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management are strictly and thoroughly peer-reviewed by experts (this includes research and review articles, spontaneous submissions, and invited papers). The Managing Editor of the journal will perform an initial check of the manuscript’s suitability upon receipt. The Editorial Office will then organize the peer-review process performed by independent experts and collect at least two review reports per manuscript. We ask our authors for adequate revisions (with the second round of peer-review if necessary) before a final decision is made. The final decision is made by the academic editor usually the Editor-in-Chief. Accepted articles are copy-edited and English-edited.

      Initial Checks

      All submitted manuscripts received by the Editorial Office will be checked by a professional in-house Managing Editor to determine whether they are properly prepared and whether they follow the ethical policies of the journal. Manuscripts that do not fit the journal's ethics policy or do not meet the standards of the journal will be rejected before peer-review. Manuscripts that are not properly prepared will be returned to the authors for revision and resubmission. After these checks, the Managing Editor will consult the journals’ Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editors to determine whether the manuscript fits the scope of the journal and whether it is scientifically sound. No judgment on the potential impact of the work will be made at this stage. Reject decisions at this stage will be verified by the Editor-in-Chief.

      Peer-Review

      Once a manuscript passes the initial checks, it will be assigned to at least two independent experts for peer review. A double-blind peer-review process is applied, where authors' identities are not known to reviewers.

      In the case of regular submissions, in-house assistant editors will invite experts, including recommendations by an academic editor. These experts may also include Editorial Board members and Guest Editors of the journal. Potential reviewers suggested by the authors may also be considered. Reviewers should not have published with any of the co-authors during the past five years and should not currently work or collaborate with any of the institutions of the co-authors of the submitted manuscript.

      Editorial Decision and Revision

      All the articles, reviews, and communications published in the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management go through the peer-review process and receive at least two reviews. The in-house editor will communicate the decision of the academic editor, which will be one of the following:

      Accept after Minor Revisions: The paper is in principle accepted after revision based on the reviewer’s comments. Authors are given five days for minor revisions.

      Reconsider after Major Revisions: The acceptance of the manuscript would depend on the revisions. The author needs to provide a point-by-point response or provide a rebuttal if some of the reviewer’s comments cannot be revised. Usually, only one round of major revisions is allowed. However, if the authors provide a sound reasoned response that in the eyes of the editor/s or reviewers merits another round, it will be allowed. Similarly, new authors and authors where English is a second language are granted leeway here, as the journal’s primary objective is to promote quality technology and we will strive to reduce barriers such as language and/or inexperience, as long as the underlying science and technology are of quality, relevance and visible in the manuscript. In each case, authors will be asked to resubmit the revised paper within a suitable time frame, and the revised version will be returned to the reviewer/s for further comments. In the case of a Major Revision ruling where the reviewer is mentoring a new scientist (which should be noted in the first submission packet) and guides by suggesting that the scope of the original manuscript is not original enough for publication and provides suggestions redirecting the scope of the article; as long as the authors follow these directions or similar action, the paper will continue as normal. However, should the authors ignore this redirection advice, the article will most likely be rejected in the next round.

      Suspended and Encourage Resubmission: If additional experiments are needed to support the conclusions, or more time is needed than is possible under a normal Major revision pathway, the manuscript will be suspended, and the authors will be encouraged to re-submit the paper once further experiments have been conducted and or re-direction course followed. Upon re-submission, the submission date will be reset, and the paper will be treated as a new submission.

      Reject: The article has serious flaws, and/or makes no original significant contribution. No offer of resubmission to the journal is provided. If the authors later re-submit this, after making major revisions, the authors must alert the editors that this article was previously rejected.

      All reviewer comments should be responded to in a point-by-point fashion. Where the authors disagree with a reviewer, they must provide a clear response. New scientists and engineers should take notice that in the case where there are numerous reviewer concerns; the reviewer may very well stop reviewing the article and simply make a decision and thereby the authors should not assume that what the reviewer pointed out is the only thing wrong with the manuscript. It is not the reviewer’s job to write the article for the authors; hence the authors should strive to go back through the manuscript and keep in mind the reviewer’s concerns and see where else in the manuscript that this advice could and should be applied and be diligent in making all necessary corrections and modifications. If you need help, please ask, we will do our best to mentor new scientists and put them on a path to success.

      Production and Publication

      Once accepted, the manuscript will undergo professional copy-editing, English editing, proofreading by the authors, final corrections, pagination, and, publication on the www.fimek.edu.rs/jatem.html website.

      For any clarification, reviewers are asked to see the Article Template on the journal’s website.

    • Editorial Board

      Editor-in-Chief
      • Dr Nikola Puvača, PhD
        Animal Nutrition, Food Quality, Toxicology, Antimicrobial Resistance
        Department of Engineering Management in Biotechnology, Laboratory for Food Quality and Toxicology, Faculty of Economics and Engineering Management, University Business Academy, Serbia
      Managing Editors
      • Dr Vincenzo Tufarelli, PhD
        Animal Nutrition, Poultry Nutrition, Feed Science, Feed Technology
        Department of Precision and Regenerative Medicine and Jonian Area (DiMePRe-J), University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy
      • Dr Fotis Chatzitheodoridis, PhD
        Agricultural Economics, Food Science, Development Economics, Marketing, Economic Geography, Urban and Rural Sociology
        Department of Management Science and Technology, University of Western Macedonia, Greece
      • Dr Ilias Giannenas, PhD
        Animal Nutrition, Control of the Quality of Animal Feeds
        Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
      • Dr Junliang Fan, PhD
        Drip Irrigation, Evapotranspiration, Water Balance, Crop–Water Relations, Water Resources Management, Soil Fertility
        College of Water Recourses and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, China
      • Dr Maria Antonietta Colonna, PhD
        Meat, Meat Quality, Meat Science, Animal Production, Meat Science & Technology, Animal Nutrition, Dairy, Food Analysis, Animal Breeding, Ruminant Nutrition
        Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy
      • Dr Frank Liebisch, PhD
        Plant and Crop Nutrition, Precision Agriculture, Phenotyping, Crop × Environment × Genotype Interactions, Remote Sensing, Arable, Horticultural and Grassland Crops, Nutrient Cycles and Nutrient Flows in the Environment, Nutrient Use Efficiency
        Water Protection and Substance Flows, Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research EAER Agroscope, Research Division Agroecology and Environment, Agroscope, Switzerland
      • Dr Alfonso Albacete, PhD
        Abiotic Stress, Root-To-Shoot Signalling, Source-Sink Relationships, Plant Hormones, Adaptive Responses of Plant Metabolome, Food Security
        Institute for Agri-Food Research and Development of Murcia (IMIDA), Department of Plant Production and Agrotechnology, Spain
      • Dr Simone Pascuzzi, PhD
        Remote Sensing, Sensors, Agricultural Automation, Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (Suas), Agricultural Robotics, Machine-Vision, Renewable Energies
        Department of Soil, Plant and Food Science, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy
      • Dr Eva Voslarova, PhD
        Animal Protection, Animal Welfare, Animal Behavior, Stress, Husbandry, Transport, Slaughter
        Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Czech Republic
      • Dr In-Bok Lee, PhD
        Environmental Control of Greenhouses and Livestock Houses, Atmospheric Dispersion of Odor, Aerosol, Animal Disease, Energy Saving Technologies and Renewable Energy
        Laboratory of Aero-Environmental & Energy Engineering (A3EL), Department of Rural Systems Engineering, College of Agricultural & Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
      • Dr Achilleas Kontogeorgos, PhD
        Agricultural Economics, Food Science, Marketing, Business Administration
        Department of Agriculture, International Hellenic University, Sindos - Thessaloniki, Greece
      • Dr Olivier Sparagano, PhD
        One Health, Vaccine Development, Molecular Diagnostics, Vector-Borne Disease Agents, Parasitology
        Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Practice, Royal Agricultural University, United Kingdom
      • Dr Ružica Tomičić, PhD
        Microbiology, Biotechnology, Technological Microbiology, Food and Feed Technology
        Faculty of Technology, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
      • Dr Luis Ruiz, PhD
        Lidar for Forest Structure Analysis, 3D Fire Behaviour Models, Object-Based Feature Extraction and Classification, Land Use/Land Cover Change Analysis
        GeoEnvironmental Cartography and Remote Sensing Group (CGAT), Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain
      • Dr Catalin Buiu, PhD
        Protein Bioinformatics, Modelling of Biological Systems, Applied Deep Learning
        Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Romania
      • Dr Majid Ali, PhD
        Natural Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Fiber Reinforced Composites, Construction Material, Waste Fibers Concrete, Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Composites, Earthquake Resistant Buildings
        Department of Civil Engineering, Capital University of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
      • Dr Dominik Egger, PhD
        Biotechnology, Bioengineering, Bioprocess Engineering, 3D Cell Culture, Tissue Engineering, Bioreactors, Stem Cell Manufacturing, Stem Cells, Biomaterials, Scaffolds
        Department of Biotechnology, University of Natural Resources and Life Science, Austria
      • Dr Sabrina Campagna Zignani, PhD
        Electrocatalysis, Electrolyzers, Green Hydrogen, Non-Critical Raw Materials
        Italian National Research Council (CNR), Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies "Nicola Giordano" (ITAE), Italy
      Associate Editors
      • Dr Dragana Ljubojević Pelić, PhD
        Food Safety, Fishery Production Technology, Fish Nutrition, Quality and Safety of Fish Meat, Sensory Analysis of Food, Hygiene of the Production Process of Food of Animal Origin
        Scientific Veterinary Institute Novi Sad, Serbia
      • Dr Svetlana Roljević Nikolić, PhD
        Soil Science, Plant Protection and Animal Health, Plant Fertilization, Agricultural Economics, Rural Development
        Scientific Institute Tamiš Pančevo, Research and Experimental Development in Biotechnology, Serbia
      • Dr Eleanor Karp-Tatham, PhD
        Population Genetics, Antigenic and Genetic Diversity of the Poultry Red Mite, Parasitology, Genomics of Immunity
        Centre for Human Genetics, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
      • Dr Marianna Marangi, PhD
        Pharmacology, Molecular Biology, Parasitology
        Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Italy
      • Dr Danijela Horvatek Tomić, PhD
        Poultry, Pathogens, Broilers, Antimicrobials, Poultry Management, Poultry Science, Antibiotics, PCR, Poultry Diseases, Antibiotic Resistance, Microbial Molecular Biology
        Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia
      • Dr Natasha Gjorgovska, PhD
        Domestic Animal Nutrition, Application of Forage in Nutrition, Technological Solutions
        Institute of Animal Science, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, North Macedonia
      • Dr Zora Dajić-Stevanović, PhD
        Agricultural Botany, Biodiversity in Agriculture, Science of Vegetation, Agricultural Phytocoenology, Cytology and Histology of Plants
        Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, Serbia
      • Dr Elias Papadopoulos, PhD
        Agricultural Science, Medicine, Parasitology, Small Animals
        School of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
      • Dr Marijana Todorčević, PhD
        Adipose Tissue Metabolism, Molecular and Cellular Control of Insulin Resistance in Type 2 Diabetes, Human Fat Distribution, n-3 Fatty Acids
        Department of Biochemistry and Physiology, School of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Spain
      • Dr Eric Palevsky, PhD
        Entomology, Zoology, Systematics (Taxonomy), Ecology and Evolution, Agricultural Entomology, Pest Management, Pesticides
        Department of Entomology, Nematology and Chemistry, Agricultural Research Organization ARO, Israel
      • Dr Cyril Hrnčar, PhD
        Poultry Management, Poultry Diseases, Inbreeding, Animal Science, Meat, Selection, Quail, Animal Health
        Department of Poultry Science and Small Farm Animals, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovakia
      • Dr Siniša Berjan, PhD
        Rural Development, Business and Organizations
        Faculty of Agriculture, University of East Sarajevo, Republic of Srpska
      • Dr Tatjana Peulić, PhD
        Meat Products, Broilers, Meat Animal Science
        Scientific Institute of Food Technology, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
      • Dr Radmilo Čolović, PhD
        Extrusion, Animal Feed, Proteins, Powders, Pellets, Feed Technology
        Cargill Incorporated, Germany
      • Dr Mariana Petkova, PhD
        Animal Nutrition, Animal Science
        Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, Institute of Animal Science, Bulgaria
      • Dr Slobodan Lilić, PhD
        Safety and Quality of Food of Animal Origin, Sensory Evaluation, Reduction of Salt and Sodium Content in Meat Products, Development of New Meat Products with Reduced Sodium Content
        Institute for Meat Hygiene and Technology, Serbia
      • Dr Olivera Đuragić, PhD
        Feed Additives, Aquaculture, Lipoproteins, Food Science, Feed Technology, Agricultural and Food Safety Economics, Biotechnology, Mycotoxins
        Scientific Institute of Food Technology, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
      • Dr Inge Santman Berends, PhD
        Cattle, Dairy Cattle, Mastitis, Dairy Science, Dairy Management, Small Ruminants
        Risk analyses Animal Health Service, Research Institute in Deventer, Netherlands
      • Dr Zorica Tomičić, PhD
        Biofilm Formation, Clinical Microbiology, Microorganism Identification, Ion Exchange, Chromatography, Amino Acids, Probiotics, Food Safety
        Scientific Institute of Food Technology, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
      • Dr Carla Ragonezi, PhD
        Plant Fertilization, Animal and Human, Nutrition, Agronomy, Agricultural Plant Science, Evolutionary Biology, Biotechnology, Molecular Biology
        Centre of Life Science, University of Madeira, Portugal
      • Dr Tamaz Patarkalashvili, PhD
        Sustainable Forestry, Forest Destruction, Pollution, Health, Air Quality
        Centre of Studying Productive Forces and Natural Resources of Georgia, Polytechnic University of Georgia, Georgia
      • Dr Matteo Ottoboni, PhD
        Animal Nutrition and Feeding
        Department for Health, Animal Science and Food Safety, University of Milan, Italy
      • Dr Romeo Teodor Cristina, PhD
        Clinical Pharmacology, Pharmacology, Veterinary Medicine, Pharmacy
        Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania” from Timisoara, Romania
      • Dr Dobroslava Bujnakova, PhD
        Enterobacterales, Virulence Factors, Antibiotic Resistance, Biofilm, Quorum Sensing
        Institute of Animal Physiology, Centre of Biosciences of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia
      • Dr Dalia Streimikiene, PhD
        Climate Change, Sustainability, Sustainability Assessment, Energy, Engineering, Sustainability Impact Assessment
        Institute of Social Sciences and Applied Informatics, Kaunas Faculty, Vilnius University, Lithuania
      • Dr Silviu Nate, PhD
        Leadership, Project Management, Security Studies, Scenario Planning, International Relations, Decision Support, Higher Education Teaching
        Department of International Relations, Political Science and Security Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania
      • Dr Fatbardh Sallaku, PhD
        Water Science, Soil Science, Environmental Science
        Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania
      • Dr Federica Cheli, PhD
        Animal Nutrition, Mycotoxins, Feed, Cell-Based Bioassay
        Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences (DIVAS), University of Milan, Italy
      • Dr Iva Ljumović, PhD
        Biochemistry, Chemistry, Pharmacology with Toxicology, Pharmacotherapy, Therapeutic prophylaxis
        Faculty of Dentistry Pančevo, University Business Academy in Novi Sad, Serbia
      • Dr Renata Baličević, PhD
        Crops, Weeds, Medicinal Plants, Spices, Herbicides, Pesticides
        Faculty of Agrobiotechnical Sciences Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University in Osijek, Croatia
      • Dr Polonca Trebše, PhD
        Degradation, Chromatography, Environmental Chemistry, Toxicity, Biomarkers, Oxidative Stress, Organic Chemistry, Wastewater Treatment, Enzymes
        Faculty of Health, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
      • Dr Giuseppina Avantaggiato, PhD
        Mycotoxins, Plant Protection and Animal Health, Analytical Chemistry, Biochemistry, Oenology
        Institute of Sciences of Food Production (CNR-ISPA), National Research Council (CNR), Italy
      • Dr Luciano Pinotti, PhD
        Milk Quality, Nutrition, Micronutrients, Lipophilic Compounds, Methyl Groups, Alternative Feed Ingredients
        Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences (DIVAS), University of Milan, Italy
      • Dr Belma Kalamujić Stroil, PhD
        Population Genetics, Freshwater, Fish, Macrozoobenthos, Barcoding, Metabarcoding, Aquatic Habitats, Assessment
        Laboratory for Molecular Genetics of Natural Resources, Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • Dr Igor Stanković, PhD
        Phytoplankton, Macrophytes, Eutrophication, Freshwater, Lakes, Very Large Rivers, Assessment, Pressure-Impact Relationship, Metabarcoding
        Central Water Management Laboratory, Sector of Development, Hrvatske vode, Croatia
      • Dr Kristian Pastor, PhD
        Gas Chromatography, Mass Spectrometry, Multivariate Analysis, Cereals, Pseudocereals and Industrial Plants, Functional Food, Authenticity
        Department of Applied and Engineering Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
      • Dr Nataša Nastić, PhD
        Modern Extraction Techniques, Biologically Active Compounds, Utilization of By-Products of the Food Industry, Utilization of Agricultural Waste
        Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
      • Dr Magdalena Cara, PhD
        Biotechnology, Chemical Biology, Biochemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Environmental Science, Agricultural Plant Science, Horticulture
        Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania
      • Dr Luca Piemontese, PhD
        Food Science, Organic Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry
        Department of Pharmacy - Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy
      • Dr Rifat Ullah Khan, PhD
        Male Fertility and Semen Quality, Immune System in Poultry, Antioxidants, Protein, Probiotics, Trace Element, Reproduction of Farm Animals
        College of Veterinary Sciences, The University of Agriculture, Pakistan
    • Reviewers

      Peer review is a critical element of scholarly publication, and one of the major cornerstones of the scientific process. It ensures that published research is sound and properly verified and improves the quality of the research. Reviewers for the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) are selected by the handling editors based on their expertise. Experts volunteer their time and effort to provide scientific critiques of manuscripts submitted to our journal that assist the editors to make informed decisions about manuscript acceptance. Therefore, the editors of the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) would like to thank the following colleagues who reviewed voluntarily all manuscripts submitted over the past years. Their help highly improved the quality of our journal.

      The process of selecting appropriate reviewers for a journal paper involves careful consideration and a systematic approach. The general outline of how an editor chooses a reviewer within their field of expertise:

      • Editors maintain a database of potential reviewers. These individuals are scholars or experts in various fields related to the journal's scope.
      • The database includes information about each reviewer's expertise, recent publications, and previous reviewing experience.
      • The editor carefully read the submitted paper to understand its content and scope.
      • The editor matches the paper's subject matter with the expertise areas of potential reviewers.
      • Editors consider the track record of potential reviewers. This includes their experience, reputation, and the quality of their research work.
      • Reviewers with a history of providing constructive and insightful feedback are preferred.
      • Editors ensure that there is no conflict of interest between the reviewers and the authors.
      • To ensure a comprehensive review, editors consider selecting reviewers with diverse perspectives and approaches, even within the same field.
      • This helps avoid bias and provides a well-rounded evaluation of the paper.
      • The editor considers the availability of potential reviewers. A timely review process is crucial for authors and the journal.
      • Reviewers who have a history of submitting their reviews promptly may be given priority.
      • Once potential reviewers are identified, the editor sends invitations to them. The invitation includes information about the paper, the review process, and a request for their availability.
      • Reviewers who accept the invitation are then assigned to review the paper.
      • After the review process is complete, editors gather feedback on the quality of reviews from authors. This information is used to improve the selection of reviewers in the future.

      The selection of a reviewer involves a thoughtful and thorough assessment of expertise, track record, and potential conflicts of interest. It aims to ensure a fair, unbiased, and high-quality review process for submitted papers.

    • Contact form

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  • ARCHIVE

    2024, Volume 7, Issue 3 (June)
    Cover of 2024, Volume 7, Issue 3 (June)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Brkić, I.; Puvača, N. Economic and Ecological Sustainability of Dairy Production. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2024, 7(3), 1088-1104. DOI: 10.55817/TQXU2115
    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to examine the intricate balance between economic viability and ecological stewardship within the global dairy industry. Dairy production, while essential for providing vital nutrients and supporting livelihoods, faces increasing scrutiny due to its environmental impact. This review explores the challenges and opportunities of achieving sustainability in dairy farming, considering factors such as greenhouse gas emissions, resource use, biodiversity conservation, and consumer preferences. It delves into the economic dimensions of dairy sustainability, discussing strategies for optimizing efficiency, reducing costs, and enhancing market competitiveness. Additionally, the paper examines the ecological imperatives of dairy farming, exploring practices and innovations aimed at minimizing environmental impact, improving resource utilization, and promoting ecosystem health. Furthermore, it investigates consumer perceptions, preferences, and willingness to pay for sustainably produced dairy products, highlighting the role of market mechanisms and policy interventions in driving demand for environmentally friendly options. Finally, the paper discusses policy frameworks, market mechanisms, and institutional arrangements to support the transition towards sustainable dairy systems, emphasizing the importance of collaboration, innovation, and accountability across stakeholders. Overall, the paper provides insights into the complex dynamics of economic and ecological sustainability in dairy production, offering pathways for achieving a more sustainable and resilient future for the industry.

    Review
    Đurić, K.; Lukač Bulatović, M.; Tomaš Simin, M.; Glavaš Trbić, D.; Marković, T. Direct Payments as a Factor of Agriculture Development in the Republic of Serbia. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2024, 7(3), 1105-1113. DOI: 10.55817/IEGH1390
    Abstract

    Agriculture, as a strategic economic activity, dependent on agro-ecological conditions, can function and develop exclusively with the intervention of the measures of agricultural policy. Measures to support agriculture in the Republic of Serbia in the period from 2015 to 2022 are the subject of research in this paper. Official data of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management of the Republic of Serbia published in annual reports were used. Using the method of analysis and comparison, the paper concluded that direct payments are the dominant form of subsidy in the agriculture of the Republic of Serbia, as well as that the agricultural budget is at the level of 5% concerning the total national budget. The existing structure of subsidies is assessed as adequate, with a significant increase in the volume of direct payments and other forms of subsidies being recommended in the coming period.

    Review
    Čavlin, M.; Bulatović, V.; Šmitran, B. Strategic Benefits of a Customer-Centric Approach in Customer Relationship Management System. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2024, 7(3), 1114-1123. DOI: 10.55817/BLVS9823
    Abstract

    Since services are a major contributor to practically every economic process and one of the main movers of the global economy, they are extremely important in the global business environment. On the other hand, the demand for rapid changes and quality improvement at all levels coincides with the development of the service sector and presupposes the existence of a practical, rational, and socio-economically justified development strategy. The main topic of this article is the customer-facing aspect of the CRM process. According to this viewpoint, all customer-facing functions will receive customer intelligence, and a single view of the customer will be created across all communication channels. This point of view emphasizes how crucial it is to coordinate information across contacts and times. The development of new computer technologies, the Internet, and database creation software also plays a significant role in the implementation of CRM. Service quality is a key factor in attracting and retaining customers, leading to their satisfaction and loyalty. The traditional understanding of quality is production-oriented, but customer orientation indicates that the concept of quality is marketing-based. To achieve business survival, growth, and development, companies must plan, organize, and monitor the development of relationships with customers.

    2024, Volume 7, Issue 2 (April)
    Cover of 2024, Volume 7, Issue 2 (April)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Prodanović, R.; Brkić, I.; Soleša, K.; Ljubojević Pelić, D.; Pelić, M.; Bursić, V.; Vapa Tankosić, J. Beekeeping as a Tool for Sustainable Rural Development. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2024, 7(2), 1054-1066. DOI: 10.55817/IXVM2800
    Abstract

    The symbiotic relationship between bees and the environment underscores the potential of apiculture as a sustainable practice. Bees, as pollinators, play a crucial role in ecosystem health and biodiversity conservation. Their pollination services are essential for the reproduction of numerous plant species, including many crops that constitute the backbone of agricultural economies. Beekeeping can diversify income sources, reducing dependence on single crops and enhancing household resilience to economic shocks. The aim of this paper is to explore the multifaceted role of apiculture as a tool for sustainable rural development. In conclusion, apiculture holds immense promise as a tool for sustainable rural development, offering a pathway towards economic prosperity, social inclusion, and environmental stewardship. By harnessing the synergies between bees, biodiversity, and community development, beekeeping has the potential to transform rural landscapes and livelihoods. However, realizing this potential requires concerted efforts to address the challenges and barriers that hinder the widespread adoption of beekeeping practices. Through collaborative action and integrated approaches, it can unlock the transformative power of apiculture and build resilient, vibrant, and sustainable rural communities for generations to come.

    Review
    Gardašević, J.; Brkić, I.; Kovačević, M. Management of the Entrepreneurial Ecosystem. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2024, 7(2), 1067-1073. DOI: 10.55817/KUNO3911
    Abstract

    The subject of the paper is a literature review on the topic of entrepreneurial ecosystem management. Managing the entrepreneurial ecosystem refers to strategies, processes, and approaches that support the development and maintenance of an environment in which entrepreneurs can successfully operate. The entrepreneurial ecosystem comprises various components, including entrepreneurs, investors, mentors, educational institutions, technological resources, and regulatory bodies. All these components cooperate to create a stimulating environment for the development and growth of entrepreneurial activities. Managing the entrepreneurial ecosystem requires cooperation between the public, private sector, and civil society to create a sustainable environment that supports the development of entrepreneurship. The paper aims to provide insight into the academic literature review to all interested parties.

    Review
    Puvača. N.; Ljubojević Pelić, D. Problems and Mitigation Strategies of Trichothecenes Mycotoxins in Laying Hens Production. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2024, 7(2), 1074-1087. DOI: 10.55817/ISAD5453
    Abstract

    This review paper comprehensively explores the problems associated with trichothecenes mycotoxins in laying hens production and discusses mitigation strategies to address these challenges. Trichothecenes, a diverse class of mycotoxins primarily produced by Fusarium fungi, are examined in terms of their nature, occurrence, toxicology, and implications in poultry production. The metabolism of T-2 toxin in poultry is analyzed, highlighting the complex biotransformation pathways and the formation of metabolites with altered toxicity profiles. The most common problems of T-2 toxin in laying hens production are discussed, including adverse effects on poultry health, performance, and table egg quality. The influence of T-2 toxin on table egg quality is explored, focusing on its impact on shell integrity, yolk color, albumen consistency, and consumer acceptance. Finally, mitigation strategies for trichothecenes in laying hens production are reviewed, encompassing both pre-harvest and post-harvest interventions such as good agricultural practices, monitoring and testing programs, physical and chemical detoxification methods, nutritional supplementation, and biosecurity measures. By understanding the nature of trichothecenes mycotoxins and implementing effective mitigation strategies, producers can ensure the safety, welfare, and productivity of laying hens while maintaining the quality and marketability of table eggs for consumers.

    2024, Volume 7, Issue 1 (February)
    Cover of 2024, Volume 7, Issue 1 (February)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Miljković, A.; Aćimović, M.; Božanić Tanjga, B.; Lončar, B.; Raičević, V.; Šovljanski, O.; Travičić, V.; Pezo, M.; Pezo, L. Inhalation and Topical Application of Rose Essential Oil – A Systematic Overview of Rosa damascena Aromatherapy. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2024, 7(1), 998-1020. DOI: 10.55817/ASIJ6404
    Abstract

    The purpose of this systematic overview is to establish the impact of inhalation and topical application of Rosa damascena essential oil in aromatherapy practice. A bibliometric analysis using the different scientific databases was conducted to examine scientific documents related to “rose aromatherapy” and “Rosa damascena aromatherapy”. Microsoft Excel and VOSviewer software were used to extract and visualize information. Founded on a review of 93 papers, the scent of rose essential oil has applications in aromatherapy for reducing anxiety, alleviating pain, improving sleep quality, as well as alleviating physiological symptoms during menopause and PMS. It aids in mitigating stress and reducing stress and reducing depression and fatigue, for relaxation and improving cognitive function, among other benefits. Ultimately, rose essential oil is safe and suitable for self-administration via inhalation or topical application, either alone or with other essential oils.

    Article
    Gajić, T.; Vukolić, D.; Ranjbaran, A.; Dénes Dávid, L.; Vargáné Gálicz, I. Pathways to Prosperity: Unveiling the Determinants of Agro-Tourism Growth in the Republic of Serbia. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2024, 7(1), 1021-1035. DOI: 10.55817/RSFI1888
    Abstract

    Agro-tourism in the Republic of Serbia represents an increasingly significant sector of rural development, blending agriculture and tourism into an appealing whole. The aim of this study is to identify and quantify the factors significantly contributing to the development of agro-tourism, taking into account the role of community and government support, economic benefits, environmental and social impacts, as well as infrastructure and safety. The results indicate that community and government support crucially influence agro-tourism development, while economic benefits and environmental and social impacts have a smaller but positive influence. Infrastructure and safety show the least impact. This study is significant as it provides empirical evidence on factors contributing to agro-tourism development, enabling decision-makers, practitioners, and communities to strategically enhance and support the growth of this sector. The innovation of the study lies in its comprehensive approach, integrating multidimensional analysis of the impacts of various factors on agro-tourism development, which has not been extensively explored before, thus offering new insights and guidelines for more effective policies and practices in this field.

    Review
    Vapa Tankosić, J.; Mirjanić, B.; Prodanović, R.; Lekić, S.; Carić, B. Digitalization in Agricultural Sector: Agriculture 4.0 for Sustainable Agriculture. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2024, 7(1), 1036-1042. DOI: 10.55817/GEQW8736
    Abstract

    Sustainable and resilient systems within the food industry play a key role in global growth and development. In recent years, negative effects such as drought caused by climate change, destructive natural disasters, and destruction of biodiversity and natural resource erosion, agricultural migration, aging agricultural population, and global epidemics have deepened the environmental concerns. Apart from the negative effects on the food supply, pressure on the demand side is created by the growing population, which makes it necessary to create a new agrarian policy. Technological development has affected agriculture and agricultural production systems. One of the most prominent approaches is the integration of a new generation of digital technologies into the agricultural system, ensuring maximum benefit from information and data. Digitalization and the use of digital data have fundamentally transformed the agro-food system. The aim of this paper is present in a systematic view the agricultural digital transformation in the Agriculture 4.0, in the framework of sustainable development of agriculture. The aforementioned imposes sustainable agriculture by adequate agricultural policy instruments.

    Review
    Belguet, A.; Bouchareb, R.; Djoudi, B.I.M.; Guendouz, A. Agro-nutritionnel Characterisation of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd.). J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2024, 7(1), 1043-1053. DOI: 10.55817/YTVL5757
    Abstract

    Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) originated in the Andean region of South America; is a dicotyledonous species for seeds and, therefore, is not known as a cereal grain and is a pseudograin, which is introduced nowadays as a new crop in the world. Quinoa is an annual herbaceous plant belongs to Amaranthaceae family, but formerly placed in Chenopodiaceae family. It’s well adapted to a wide range of climatic conditions and has significant potential for increased production as a new crop in the Mediterranean region and in other parts of the world, including northern Europe, North America, Asia, and Africa. Quinoa is associated with exceptional grain nutritional quality and is highly valued for its ability to tolerate abiotic stresses. The protein content of quinoa grains is higher than other cereals while it has better distribution of essential amino acids. It can be used as an alternative to milk proteins. Additionally, quinoa contains a high amount of essential fatty acids, minerals, vitamins, dietary fibers, and carbohydrates with beneficial hypoglycemic effects while being gluten-free. e. In addition, it is found to contain a number of bioactive chemical compounds whose various therapeutic properties are actively studied in the scientific field. Quinoa is sought in several industries whether it is the food industry, pharmacology, cosmetics, etc., as a plant (use of leaves, seeds, or stem) or these extracts (saponins, vegetable oil and essential).

    2023, Volume 6, Issue 6 (December)
    Cover of 2023, Volume 6, Issue 6 (December)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Vapa Tankosić, J. Agri-environmental Climate Measures in the Serbian Agricultural Policy in Relation to the Common Agricultural Policy. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(6), 958-964. DOI: 10.55817/HBNT7451
    Abstract

    The agriculture and food production sectors are of great importance for the economy of every country, especially for the member states of the European Union (EU). The European Union started implementing the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 1962. In order to solve the problems and adapt the agricultural policy to the needs of each member country, in the course of years, there have been numerous Common Agricultural Policy reforms. The new EU's agricultural policy emphasizes the multi functionality of agriculture and integrates the environmental component in the form of the environmental management that encourages the sustainable "green agriculture" and the implementation of environmental measures. On the other hand, the process of integration to the EU require from potential member states to pursue the necessary political, institutional, legal, administrative, social and economic reforms required to comply with EU values, progressively aligning with EU rules, standards, policies and practices. For the Republic of Serbia, this issue is extremely important as it should gradually harmonize its agricultural and rural policy with the CAP, in the viewpoint of a potential EU member state. IPARD, pre-accession EU assistance for rural development, focuses specifically on rural areas and agro food sectors of countries in the process of joining the European Union (EU). The new IPARD III programmes for the 2021-27 period further promotes a gradual alignment with the rules of the EU’s common agricultural policy. However, the adoption and implementation of the Republic of Serbia acquis with the EU in the field of agricultural and rural policy will require significant financial and technical investments in the future.

    Review
    Kostadinović, Lj. Hydroponic Feed and Quality in Sustainable Dairy Animal Production. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(6), 965-974. DOI: 10.55817/YSNF9052
    Abstract

    Hydroponic feed production has emerged as an innovative and sustainable approach to address the growing demand for high-quality animal feed while minimizing the environmental impact of traditional agriculture. This paper explores the key principles, and outcomes associated with hydroponic feed production, focusing on its potential to enhance the nutritional quality, sustainability, and safety of livestock diets, as well as milk production and quality. In conclusion, this paper underscores the potential of hydroponic feed production as a sustainable and efficient solution to address the challenges of conventional feed production. By optimizing feed quality and reducing the environmental footprint of livestock and aquaculture industries, hydroponics offers promising prospects for meeting the increasing global demand for high-quality animal nutrition while promoting sustainable agricultural practices.

    Review
    Shtylla Kika, T.; Cocoli, S.; Ljubojević Pelić, D.; Puvača, N.; Lika, E.; Pelić, M. Colibacillosis in Modern Poultry Production. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(6), 975-987. DOI: 10.55817/YZFA3391
    Abstract

    Colibacillosis, a bacterial infection caused by pathogenic Escherichia coli strains, poses significant challenges to contemporary poultry farming. This paper provides a succinct overview of key aspects related to the disease. Colibacillosis manifests with respiratory, enteric, and systemic clinical signs, impacting broilers, layers, and breeders. The etiology involves virulent E. coli strains with specific adhesion and invasion mechanisms. The avian immune response plays a crucial role, influenced by factors such as age, stress, and vaccination. The epidemiology exhibits global prevalence, influenced by geographical, seasonal, and farm-specific factors. Control strategies encompass biosecurity measures, vaccination, responsible antimicrobial use, genetic selection, and environmental management. Comprehensive understanding and proactive management of colibacillosis are essential to mitigate economic losses and sustain the health and productivity of poultry in modern production systems. In conclusion colibacillosis remains a significant challenge in modern poultry production, with economic implications for the industry. Efforts to control and manage colibacillosis in poultry production should take into consideration these multifaceted factors and focus on prevention, early detection, and responsible antimicrobial use.

    Article
    Puvača, N.; Ljubojević Pelić, D.; Tufarelli, V.; Nikolova, N.; Bursić, V.; Vapa, I.; Vuković, G. Dietary Effects of Mycotoxins Adsorbents Mycostop Premium® and Mycostop Duplo® on Piglets Productive Performance and Blood Serum Enzyme Activities. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(6), 988-997. DOI: 10.55817/KCTC8701
    Abstract

    This study aimed to investigate the dietary effects of mycotoxin adsorbents Mycostop Premium® and Mycostop Duplo® on piglets' productive performance and serum enzyme activities. A total of 100 weaned piglets (28 days old) were randomly assigned to five dietary treatment groups (20 piglets in each group) for a duration of 42 days. The dietary treatments included: control group C with no mycotoxin adsorbent; group E1 supplemented with Mycostop Premium® adsorbent in amount of 1kg/t of feed; group E2 supplemented with Mycostop Premium® adsorbent in amount of 2.5kg/t of feed; group E3 supplemented with Mycostop Duplo® adsorbent in amount of 1kg/t of feed; and group E4 supplemented with Mycostop Duplo® adsorbent in amount of 2.5kg/t of feed. All diets were formulated to be isocaloric and isonitrogenous. The results revealed significant improvements in productive performance parameters, including average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR), in piglets fed diets containing mycotoxin adsorbents. Serum enzyme activities were also assessed to gauge the impact of mycotoxin adsorbents on piglets' health. The activities of liver enzymes aspartate transaminase (AST), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), and gut health-related enzymes (amylase and lipase) were evaluated. Piglets consuming diets supplemented with mycotoxin adsorbents exhibited a reduction in the activities of liver enzymes, indicating lower hepatic stress, and an enhancement in the activity of gut health-related enzymes, reflecting improved nutrient digestion and absorption. In conclusion, the inclusion of mycotoxin adsorbents in piglet diets resulted in significant improvements in productive performance and serum enzyme activities.

    2023, Volume 6, Issue 5 (October)
    Cover of 2023, Volume 6, Issue 5 (October)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Đurić, K.; Lukač Bulatović, M.; Tomaš Simin, M.; Glavaš-Trbić, D. Monitoring and Evaluation as a Mechanism for Agricultural Policy Management. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(5), 934-943. DOI: 10.55817/XETH8265
    Abstract

    Agricultural policy encompasses a collection of measures and mechanisms designed to direct the operation and advancement of agriculture within a country. In order for agricultural measures to yield fruitful outcomes, continuous enhancements and adjustments to address contemporary requirements become imperative. As a part of this initiative, the careful selection of monitoring and evaluation models, serving as guiding mechanisms for agricultural policies, assumes considerable significance. This paper offers a comprehensive survey of diverse modeling approaches employed for monitoring and evaluating agricultural policy initiatives. Furthermore, it sheds light on the execution of these undertakings both within the European Union and within the Republic of Serbia.

    Review
    Puvača, N.; Ljubojević Pelić, D.; Tufarelli, V. Mycotoxins Adsorbents in Food Animal Production. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(5), 944-952. DOI: 10.55817/GYIC7602
    Abstract

    Mycotoxins, toxic secondary metabolites produced by molds, pose a significant threat to food animal production, as they can lead to adverse health effects, reduced productivity, and economic losses. In response to this challenge, mycotoxin adsorbents have emerged as a promising solution to mitigate the harmful effects of mycotoxins in livestock. This paper presents a comprehensive review of the positive influence of mycotoxin adsorbents in food animal production. The review discusses the mechanisms by which mycotoxin adsorbents function, including adsorption, binding, and inactivation of mycotoxins. Various types of mycotoxin adsorbents are explored, encompassing natural adsorbents such as clays, zeolites, and activated carbons, as well as synthetic polymers. The influence of mycotoxin adsorbents on the immune system, gut health, and overall well-being of food animals is examined. Furthermore, the review delves into the challenges and limitations associated with mycotoxin adsorbents, including variability in mycotoxin contamination, dosage, and timing of administration. Strategies for optimizing their use, such as mycotoxin monitoring and mycotoxin binder selection, are discussed to ensure maximum effectiveness. In conclusion, the positive influence of mycotoxin adsorbents in food animal production cannot be understated. By offering a proactive and cost-effective means of mycotoxin management, mycotoxin adsorbents play a pivotal role in safeguarding animal health and the economic viability of livestock operations. This review underscores the significance of mycotoxin adsorbents as essential tools in ensuring the safety and productivity of food animal production systems.

    Review
    Berroukche, A.; Terras, M. Cereals, the Key to North African Food Security. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(5), 953-957. DOI: 10.55817/GGXZ8192
    Abstract

    Agriculture plays a fundamental role for the economies of North African countries, in the development of territories and the fight against poverty. The region faces a cereal deficit and their supply of this material is highly dependent on international markets. During 1990-2010, the volume of agricultural imports tripled for North African countries. National cereal production remains insufficient to meet the growing needs of the population. Productivity remains limited by many constraints and imports of agricultural products will continue to play a key role in food security. Among the factors involved, climate change is responsible for drought and floods, uncertainty and weakness of international agricultural product markets in supplying national markets, and rising food prices. Regional trade and international cooperation, despite little development between this region and the industrial agri-food world, could ensure temporary food security for North Africa and benefit from the complementarity of their agriculture and industries. North African countries should favor an approach to global and plural food security. Such an approach will integrate the objectives of agricultural development, the fight against poverty, sustainable management of water resources and soils, and adaptation to climate change.

    2023, Volume 6, Issue 4 (August)
    Cover of 2023, Volume 6, Issue 4 (August)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Article
    Bursić, V.; Vuković, G.; Konstantinović, B.; Stojanović, T.; Samardžić, N.; Popov, M. Pesticide Residues in Water and Sediment. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(4), 926-933. DOI: 10.55817/TCDF9336
    Abstract

    The term pesticide refers to all chemical compounds predominantly used in agriculture for the control of the pathogens, weeds and pests. In order to intensify the agricultural production the use of pesticides has increased over the years in many developing countries. Since the monitoring of the presence of pesticides is rarely conducted and fairly difficult, the potential hazardous effects towards the human health, the biodiversity and the environment are hard to anticipate. The aim of the study is to provide a preliminary assessment of the situation by looking for the presence of pesticides in the water and sediment of the lake used for the irrigation. SPE and LC-MS/MS were used to purify and analyze the samples for the presence of 150 pesticides. The nicosulfuron was detected in the unusually high concentrations in water (97.80 µg/L) and the sediment (224 µg/kg).

    2023, Volume 6, Issue 3 (June)
    Cover of 2023, Volume 6, Issue 3 (June)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Idbeaa, W.; Puvača, N. Arsenic Toxicological Importance in Air Pollution. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(3), 919-925. DOI: 10.55817/WFKQ7313
    Abstract

    Air pollution is a global environmental concern that poses significant risks to human health. Among the various pollutants, arsenic (As) has gained considerable attention due to its widespread occurrence and severe toxicological effects. This review paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the sources, distribution, and toxicological importance of arsenic in the context of air pollution. Arsenic is a naturally occurring element and can be found in various forms, including inorganic and organic compounds. Industrial activities, combustion processes, mining, and agricultural practices are the major anthropogenic sources contributing to arsenic emissions in the atmosphere. Once released into the air, arsenic can undergo complex transformations and transport over long distances, leading to its widespread dispersion and potential exposure to human populations. The toxicological significance of arsenic lies in its ability to exert detrimental effects on multiple organ systems, including the respiratory, cardiovascular, immune, and nervous systems. Inhalation of arsenic-containing particulate matter can cause respiratory disorders such as asthma, bronchitis, and lung cancer. Moreover, chronic exposure to arsenic has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, neurodevelopmental disorders, and various types of cancer. In conclusion, this review paper underscores the toxicological significance of arsenic in the context of air pollution. Understanding the sources, fate, and toxic effects of arsenic is crucial for developing effective preventive and control measures. Further research is warranted to elucidate the complex mechanisms underlying arsenic toxicity and to devise strategies to mitigate its adverse health impacts on exposed populations.

    2023, Volume 6, Issue 2 (April)
    Cover of 2023, Volume 6, Issue 2 (April)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Đurić, K.; Tomaš Simin, M.; Glavaš-Trbić, D. Strategies for Reducing Rural Poverty in Developing Countries. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(2), 885-892. DOI:10.55817/SBYY1758
    Abstract

    Rural poverty in developing countries comes in various forms. Food insecurity, discrimination, human rights violations, inadequate health care, and social protection are just some of the manifestations of poverty that affect the rural population. However, the most severe form of poverty is the lack of access to food for the most vulnerable segments of the population. Several strategic approaches to rural poverty reduction have been developed at the international level and have been implemented specifically in developing countries. These strategies focus on agriculture as the dominant economic activity in rural areas. In addition, the strategies aim to strengthen local rural communities while adhering to the principles of environmental, economic, and social sustainability.

    Review
    Obućinski, D.; Pušara, N.; Radulović, J. Analysis and Impact of Factors Influencing Supply and Demand of Wine. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(2), 893-901. DOI:10.55817/EWNV9422
    Abstract

    The paper presents the state, importance, risks, and other factors regarding wine supply and demand. Vine cultivation and wine production, as part of agricultural production, contribute to a certain extent to the gross domestic product in several ways. There is a noticeable increase in vineyards and private wine production. This paperwork is mostly based on the results of the master’s thesis research by the first co-author mentioned, Dejan Obucinski, called "Economics of sustainable wine production and supply in the Republic of Serbia." Presenting the state of wine supply and demand contributes to overcoming risks in the wine business, which will be presented and considered in this paper from the economic level of an organizational perspective, i.e., by using one of the multi-criteria decision-making methods for the structural analysis of a complex system.

    Article
    Agarski, M.; Bursić, V.; Vuković, G. Method Validation for the Determination of Glyphosate and Aminomethylphosphonic Acid in Water by LC-MS/MS. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(2), 902-909. DOI:10.55817/QQKE6767
    Abstract

    The massive use of glyphosate as a herbicide compound has led to the ubiquity of AMPA in the environment, especially in water. So, the present work aimed to establish the validation parameters of the LC-MS/MS method for glyphosate and its metabolite AMPA, determination in water. During the extraction process the derivatization of glyphosate as an extreme polar pesticide, was done using FMOC. The validation results show that the method met the criteria given in SANTE/11312/2021 for all the investigated validation parameters as well as estimated measurement uncertainty.

    Review
    Baloš, M.; Petrović, A.; Tubić, A.; Gvozdenac, S.; Prvulović, D.; Bursić, V. Significance of Microplastics in Agricultural Soil. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(2), 910-918. DOI: 10.55817/XCOJ5085
    Abstract

    Microplastics (MPs) can effect terrestrial ecosystems (approximately 20% of the pollution rate), but it also strongly effect aquatic ecosystems, with an estimate of 80% of the marine pollution. In the present time, we are facing the fact that more and more agricultural land has been contaminated with MPs. Underground transport of MPs in the soil occurs through bioturbation with the help of plant roots and soil fauna, as well as plowing, soil cultivation, crop harvesting, water infiltration, etc. Literature data stated that the concentration of MPs in terrestrial ecosystems is multiple times higher than in the ocean, and due to this fact, the United Nations Environment Programme appealed for more research studies on the assumed effects.

    2023, Volume 6, Issue 1 (February)
    Cover of 2023, Volume 6, Issue 1 (February)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Article
    Pelić, M.; Puvača, N.; Kartalović, B.; Živkov Baloš, M.; Novakov, N.; Ljubojević Pelić, D. Antibiotics and Sulfonamides in Water, Sediment, and Fish in an Integrated Production System. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(1), 851-856. DOI: 10.55817/YVRR1215.
    Abstract

    The aim of the present work was to examine the effect of using slaughterhouse wastewater on the production of carp meat safe for human consumption in terms of antibiotic residue level. The obtained results of the content of tetracycline and sulfonamides in water, sediment, and carp meat samples showed that the measured values were below the limit of detection for each tested parameter. Control of antibiotic residues in foods of animal origin is very important and mandatory to protect the health of end consumers and prevent the spread of antibiotic resistance.

    Article
    Kostadinović, Lj. Influence of Wormwood Seeds on Enzymatic and Non–enzymatic Activity in Blood of Broilers with Coccidiosis. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(1), 857-865. DOI: 10.55817/IHHY9641.
    Abstract

    Wormwood plants have been of great botanical and pharmaceutical interest and are employed in folk medicine for a long time. Wormwood has been used successfully for many years as a remedy against malaria and has been reported to exhibit antiprotozoal potential. Having in mind that, this study aimed to investigate the effects of wormwood seeds on enzymatic activity and non–enzymatic activity in broilers infected with coccidiosis. A biological experiment with broiler chickens was performed on a total of 360 Ross 308 broiler chickens. Chickens were divided into three experimental treatments with six replication each, respectively. Treatment I (WW1) was uninfected with coccidia oocyst and untreated, treatment II (WW2) was infected with coccidia oocyst and was kept untreated, while treatment III (WW3) was infected with coccidia oocyst and received wormwood seeds in feed in the quantity of 1.5%. Blood was collected for the evaluation of antioxidant status. Results of bloody diarrhea intensity of chickens have ranged from 0% (WW1; day 26th) to 99% (WW2; day 28th), respectively. Regarding the influence of dietary wormwood seeds on fecal oocyst counts obtained results showed the highest oocyst in treatment WW2 on the 30th day of the experiment (45115.7 oocyst number/g), which was significantly higher (p<0.05) when compared to treatments WW3 (623.3 oocyst number/g), and WW1 (0 oocyst number/g) on the same experimental day. Our results indicate a significant (p<0.05) increase in non-enzymatic activity and higher catalytic enzymatic activity in blood hemolysates of infected broilers. Based on our research it can be concluded that wormwood seeds can be used in feed for broilers as a prophylactic feed additive to prevent coccidia oocyst development.

    Article
    Yorulmaz, L.; Akıncı, C.; Albayrak, Ö.; Öner, M. Effect of Drought Stress on Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(1), 866-872. DOI: 10.55817/ANFO7526
    Abstract

    Drought is one of the environmental stress factors and the most important factor limiting crop production, especially in rain-based agricultural areas. This research aimed to determine the effects of drought stress on some bread wheat genotypes and to determine drought tolerant genotypes among genotypes. In the research, 20 bread wheat genotypes were used as material. The experiment was carried out in fully controlled greenhouses belonging to the Faculty of Agriculture of Dicle University in 2022 according to the randomized blocks trial design with 4 replications. An artificial drought stress environment was constituted by irrigating the pots up to 40% of the field capacity. As a result of the research, as the plants belonging to five genotypes lost their vitality as a consequence of the drought effect, observations could not be taken and they were not subjected to statistical analysis. Among the investigated characteristics, the chlorophyll content (SPAD) value in the spiking stage, the chlorophyll content (SPAD) value in the flowering stage, the number of days spike, and the plant height were affected by the drought application at the level of 1%, while the spike height and the number of grains per spike were affected at the 5% level. It is noteworthy that line 6, which is the prominent genotype among the genotypes in terms of spike yield, is also the earliest, has the longest plant height, and is the genotype with the highest number of grains per spike.

    Article
    Milić, D.; Tomaš Simin, M. Economics of Organic Carrot Production through Case Study Report. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2023, 6(1), 873-884. DOI: 10.55817/UQRF7578.
    Abstract

    In their research, the authors analyze the economic effects of growing carrots in an organic production system. The goal is to confirm, based on the obtained data, the assumption that organic carrot production is financially profitable and that higher (so-called premium) prices are one of the most important factors that influence positive economic results. The data were obtained using the case study method and using analytical calculations. The established indicators of productivity, economy, and profitability of this production confirmed the initial assumption and showed that the organic system of carrot production is economically justified.

    2022, Volume 5, Issue 6 (December)
    Cover of 2022, Volume 5, Issue 6 (December)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Vapa Tankosić, J. Environmental Policy and Air Quality Standards of the European Union. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(6), 818-825. DOI: 10.55817/QGWN5703.
    Abstract

    In the last 50 years, environmental protection has become an indispensable part of most European initiatives and the basis of economic sustainable development. The EU's environmental protection is based primarily on available scientific and technical information for the future planning activities, taking into account the ecological state of the region, potential benefits that will arise from the application of specific measures or and harms due to the lack of implementation of the measures. All this is viewed from the aspect of the costs of environmental protection activities and the degree of contribution to the economic and social development of the region and the Union as a whole. Seven so far completed specialized Environmental Action Programs helped to improve both EU legislation and practice in member countries in the direction of sustainable development and environmental protection. On the other hand, since the beginning of the seventies of the twentieth century, the European Union has been dealing with the problem of improving air quality by controlling the emission of harmful substances into the atmosphere, as well as improving the quality of fuel and integrating guidelines for respecting the environment in the transport and energy sectors. For the Republic of Serbia, this issue is extremely important as it should follow, among others, the EU standards in the area of environmental protection and sustainable development, in the viewpoint of a potential EU member state. However, the adoption and implementation of the acquis of the EU in the field of environmental protection will require significant investments in the future.

    Article
    Getu, A.; Hirko, B. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Cultivation and Genetic Diversity Assessment in Ethiopia. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(6), 826-834. DOI: 10.55817/KTLK3261.
    Abstract

    Fenugreek is mainly used as a spice, food, and medicinal plant in different parts of the world and Ethiopia. There is a suitable agroecology for the production of fenugreek in the country, however, the production volume and productivity are very low compared to its potential due to a lack of improved optional varieties and production packages. From the total production in the country, more than 98% of the production volume is only from Oromia and Amahara regions (58.88% and 39.92%), respectively. Studies on the assessment of genetic variability of fenugreek in Ethiopia revealed the crop was highly variable for several traits which indicates the possibilities for genetic improvement of the crop through selection and cross-breeding. In Previous times there are a few numbers of improved varieties that were developed under seed spices, however recently the research attention given to seed spices is better than the previous, and different varieties were released and recommended for specific and wider agroecology cultivation. In the country, more than nine fenugreek varieties (Chala, Hunda’ol, Ebisa, Bishoftu, Burka, Jamma, Wereillu, Teru, and Chefe) were released for yield, fixed and essential oil, and seed quality from regional and federal research institute. However, variety improvement in Ethiopia was only through the selection of superior yielding and quality landraces. Therefore, developing variety through hybridization and mutation breeding for yield, organoleptic and nutraceutical properties is vital for future breeding work to exploit the potential of the crop in the country.

    Article
    Kamci Tekin, G.; Bicer, B.T. Evaluating Seed Dressing and Soil Application of Vermicompost on Pea (Pisum sativum) Growth and Development. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(6), 835-840. DOI: 10.55817/KNLY5326.
    Abstract

    The experiment was conducted in 2022 at the research farm of Dicle University of Agricultural Faculty, Diyarbakir, Turkey. The study is to examine the effect of vermicompost, which is an industrial product of organic origin, on the growth of peas. The soil was treated with liquid vermicompost 10 t ha−1 with sown. Seed dressing of vermicompost was applied to the seed coat. The experiment was arranged in a randomized complete-block design with three blocks. After 45 days after emergence, plant samples were harvested six times every ten days. Observations were on plant height, leaf area, number of leaves, stipule, tendrils plant-1, stem, and leaf dry weight. The effect of vermicompost treatments on seed and soil was significant for plant height, the number of leaves and tendrils per plant, leaf area, and dry stem weight. Vermicompost application on seeds and soil was higher than a control for all traits. Vermicompost application to the soil had a slight advantage over the vermicompost application to the seed.

    Article
    Ongun, A.K.; Karademir, C. The Effect of Application of Different Doses of Acid Mixture Seed Coating Method on Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Yield and Fiber Technological Characteristics. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(6), 841-850. DOI: 10.55817/OYGI6347.
    Abstract

    This study was carried out to determine the effects of different rates of seed coating of an organic acid mixture (citric acid, glutamate, and proline) on the yield and technological characteristics of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Before seeding, cotton seeds were coated with an organic acid mixture product [0.75% citric acid, 0.25% glutamate, 0.25% proline, and 98.75 inert ingredients (water)], in six different doses (500, 1000, 1500, 2000, and 2500 cc) to compare with control (uncoated). Seed cotton yield, fiber yield, plant height, number of monopodial branches, number of sympodial branches, number of nodes of the first fruiting branch, number of bolls per plant, boll weight, boll seed cotton weight, first picking percentage, 100 seeds weight, fiber fineness, fiber length, fiber strength, fiber elongation, fiber uniformity ratio, short fiber index, fiber yellowness (+ b), fiber reflectance (Rd) and spinning consistency index (SCI) values were examined. The results of statistical analysis indicated that there were significant differences between treatments in terms of seed cotton yield, fiber yield, boll weight, boll seed cotton weight, first picking percentage, and the number of nodes of the first fruiting branch, while there was a non-significant association in terms of other examined observations and fiber technological characteristics. The highest seed cotton yield was obtained from 1500 cc application doses as 5073.80 kg ha-1 which was 19,78% (838.00 kg ha-1) higher than that of the control (4235.80 kg ha-1). In conclusion in light of the information obtained from this study, a remarkable increase in yield was obtained as a result of coating the cotton seeds with the product containing organic acid mixtures (citric acid, glutamate, and proline) at different doses. For this reason, it was concluded that it may be recommended to cover the seeds with the aforementioned mixtures before sowing.

    2022, Volume 5, Issue 5 (October)
    Cover of 2022, Volume 5, Issue 5 (October)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Puvača, N.; Vapa Tankosić, J.; Ignjatijević, S.; Carić, M.; Prodanović, R. Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment: Review of the Selected Resistance Drivers and Public Health Concerns. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(5), 793-802. DOI: 10.55817/CSCQ3326.
    Abstract

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing global epidemic due to the improper overuse of antimicrobials in the agriculture, veterinary, and medical sectors. Antimicrobial-resistant genes (ARGs) spread primarily through the environment, which is becoming a growing concern among researchers and stakeholders. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria and their ARGs are spread by various factors, such as the use of antimicrobial drugs in health care, agriculture and livestock, and the environment, as well as the release of antibiotic residue. Through various routes and hotspots such as hospital wastewater, agricultural waste, and wastewater treatment plants, resistant microorganisms, and their resistance genes enter the soil, air, water, and sediments. It is important to identify high-risk environments that cause the evolution of resistance and its spread around the world if global mitigation strategies are to be effective. As a result, infection control, sanitation, access to clean water, antimicrobials, diagnostics, travel, and migration are all factors impacting AMR transmission. Through various mechanisms, this review discusses AMR as a global concern and how environmental factors may contribute to the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

    Review
    Nwazodoni, S.; Adekunle, P. Evaluation of the Strategies and Constraints to Marketing Quantity Surveying to the Public. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(5), 803-807. DOI: 10.55817/RUUW2890.
    Abstract

    The limitations to the promotion of the profession in Nigeria were examined, along with the utilization and efficacy of the existing marketing techniques, the professional-client connection, and the least used strategy, which was promotion through specialized websites. The results of this study indicate that senior secondary school students in Ondo State have a high level of awareness of the quantity surveying profession. The quantity surveying profession should be aware of the advantages of marketing strategies and should permit the use of specialized websites as marketing strategies within the bounds of professional ethics. The Nigerian Institute of Quantity Surveyors (NIQS) and the Quantity Surveyors Registration Board of Nigeria (QSRBN) should take greater initiative to inform secondary school students about the career of quantity surveying, particularly via the utilization of State Chapters.

    Article
    Babu Aremanda, R.; Tekleweyni, D.; Ghebregziabher, S.; Tuquabo, S. Assessment of Brewery Wastewater and Potential Inline Practices to Curb Wastewater from Breweries. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(5), 808-818. DOI: 10.55817/CLCN4775.
    Abstract

    Beer brewing appertains to the extraordinary quality of water accompanying greater volumes of consumption, consequently rendering preeminent amounts of waste. Apart from technological demand, mental barriers predicate significant causes for the huge quantities of wastewater generated from breweries. However, by adopting best management practices, modern plants have succeeded to restrict water consumption up to 3.7 - 4.7 L/L of beer sold. Currently, Asmara Breweries (ABCSC) of Eritrea alone produces approximately 150,000 bbls of beer/year, and a weekly survey is organized to perceive the brewing process intensely to assess the critical performance indicators such as water use ratio and wastewater discharge ratio. Approximately, 14% of excess annual water consumption acquainted against BA benchmarks and wastewater to freshwater is estimated as 0.872 while BA benchmark at 0.55. Chase water and bottle cleaning water collectively contribute to 84% of total effluents. Direct reuse of chase water for rinsing or chasing reduces immensely freshwater consumption. Bottle cleaning water accredits plant CIP program after simple physicochemical treatment. Well-organized practices through employee involvement will lead to achieving internationally competitive performance indicators.

    2022, Volume 5, Issue 4 (August)
    Cover of 2022, Volume 5, Issue 4 (August)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Article
    Liti, A.; Cara, O. The Monitoring of Carbon Dioxide and Nitrogen Dioxide in the Air in Durres, Albania. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(4), 764-768. DOI: 10.55817/JMQL3476.
    Abstract

    The major sources of indoor carbon dioxide are people, kerosene and gas space heaters, tobacco smoke, and outside air. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a ubiquitous atmospheric pollutant due to the widespread prevalence of both natural and anthropogenic sources, and it can be a respiratory irritant when inhaled at elevated concentrations. Carbon dioxide (CO2) and NO2 may pose direct risks to human health. The study shows that in Durres the values of CO2 in the air are between 350 to 1000 ppm. So we can say that the level of CO2 in Durres is high, but it is normal for cities with high circulation. So it is not considered a big problem for air pollution. On the contrary, the study shows that the NO2 values in Durres are at an average value higher than both Albanian and EU standards.

    Article
    Cecen, V.; Karademir, E. Effect of Zinc Application Methods on Nutrition Uptake in Cotton. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(4), 769-778. DOI: 10.55817/ZNYS9774.
    Abstract

    This study was carried out to determine the effect of different zinc application methods on cotton plant nutrient uptake and nutrition content in the soil. The study was conducted at Siirt University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Field Crops experimental area as a randomized complete block design with four replications. Seven different zinc applications were performed (Control, To Soil 200 g da-1, To Soil 400 g da-1, Soil + Leaves at Pre-Squaring Stage, Pre-Squaring Stage + Initial Flowering Stage to Leaves, Pre-Squaring Stage + Pre Flowering Stage + Flowering Stage to Leaves, Pre-Flowering Stage + Flowering Stage to Leaves). According to the results of leaf analysis, it was determined that there were non-significant differences in terms of N, K, Ca, Na, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu content, but soil analysis after harvest showed that N, K, Ca, Na, Mg and Cu content were affected from different zinc treatments, however, P, Fe, Zn, Mn were not affected from applications. It has been observed that the highest N, P, K, Ca, and Na value in the soil was obtained from zinc applications to the soil + pre- squaring stage to leaf, and the highest Mg and Fe value in the soil was obtained from control. Although there were no significant differences detected between the zinc applications in terms of leaf analysis, it was observed that the highest K, Ca, Na, Mg, Fe, Mn, and Cu values were obtained from the zinc application of 200 g da-1 to the soil. In the study, it was observed that the highest zinc values in the leaf and soil were obtained from the foliar application of zinc applied before squaring and beginning of flowering. This application can be recommended to increase the zinc content in the soil and leaves.

    Article
    Oluseye, O.; Godwin Ehis, O.; Aigbavboa, C. Practice-driven Difficulties and Need-driven Plausibility for the Utilization of Robotic and Autonomous Construction Systems in Nigeria. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(4), 779-792. DOI: 10.55817/VZNO2499.
    Abstract

    The retrofitting of common construction plants and equipment with the robotic system has some way or another crossed over the technological gaps between economically advanced and backward counties. This implies that economically and technologically disadvantaged countries like Nigeria are by implication taking advantage of the efficiency, quality, and safety benefits of construction robots. This study researches the status quo and future of construction robotic and autonomous construction systems in Nigeria. The legitimacy of the research was determined by positivism philosophy. The research was targeted at construction organizations in Lagos State. The research’s findings support the utilization of robotic and autonomous construction systems (RACS) (mostly portable equipment) in terms of intelligent construction systems. The findings also revealed that the greatest obstruction to the use of RACS is the assumption that the construction sector is a mass employer of labor. Accordingly, the study concluded that those that are utilizing RACS primarily embrace it for work efficiency.

    2022, Volume 5, Issue 3 (June)
    Cover of 2022, Volume 5, Issue 3 (June)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Article
    Halil Bayrak, I.; Ipekesen, S.; Tuba Bicer, B. Determination of the Effect of Different Sowing Dates on Growth and Yield Parameters of Some Dry Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Varieties. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(3), 732-739. DOI: 10.55817/GMKS4054.
    Abstract

    The sowing date is one of the environmental factors that significantly affected the growth and development of dry beans. Recently, the rapid change of climate required arrangement in its sowing dates. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different sowing dates (10/03/2018, 04/03/2018, and 04/05/2018) on the phonological, morphological, and yield performances of six dry bean varieties. The experiment was carried out at Dicle University, Faculty of Agriculture Department of Field Crops in the 2018 spring and summer seasons. The experiment established randomized complete blocks design in split plots with three replications. The sowing dates significantly affected the days to seed emergence, days to first flowering, days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, first pod height, number of branches per plant, pod width, plant weight, and pod weight per plant, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per plant, seed yield per plant, biological yield and seed yield. As the sowing date was delayed, there was a decrease in all traits. The highest biological and seed yield was in early to mid-March sowing (10/03/2018) date in Cihan and Aras-98 varieties (1610.90 kg ha-1, 1850.30 kg ha-1, respectively). The early sowing date provided better growth and development in cold tolerance varieties. Adabeyazi, Cihan and Ahlat varieties were the most tolerant to low temperatures, thus the crop growth and yield increased for these varieties in the early to mid-March sowing date.

    Article
    Melody Dahou, N.; Koessi Lié Zokpodo, B.; Dossavi Dayou, E.; Abraham Tossou, N. Responses of Cotton Crop to use of Different Conventional Tillage Tools in South Alibori Area in Benin. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(3), 740-750. DOI: 10.55817/ENUJ5560.
    Abstract

    This study aims to assess the influence of the use of motorized plowing tools on cotton development in the South Alibori area in Benin. The plowing tools tested were the disc plow for plowing at 10 cm (CD10) and 20 cm depth (CD20), the moldboard plow at 10 cm (CS10) and 20 cm depth (CS20), the rotavator (Ro) and daba (Ho). A Random Complete Blocks Design constituted of six tools and three replications were implemented on Bensékou, Kokey, and Banigouré sites and were repeated over two campaigns between 2019 and 2021. The results showed that compared with daba, root and stem length increased respectively by 1.1±0.77 cm and 16±2.5 cm with CD10 and CS10 and by 2.5±0.77 cm and 34±1.84 cm with CS20 and CD20. Ramifications and diameter of root and stem were significantly increased with CD20 and CS20 treatments (p˂0.05). Compared with daba, CD10, and CS10 on the one hand, CS20 and CD20 improved the cotton fiber yield by 1.4±0.42 q/ha and 2.7±0.42 q/ha respectively. For both campaigns, plowing at 20 cm depth is recommended for soil preparation for cotton growing.

    Article
    Tunç, M.; Başdemir, F.; Ipekeşen, S.; Eliş, S.; Parildar, R.; Biçer, B.T. The Effect of Different Fertilizer Treatments of Plant Traits on Faba Bean during Flowering Periods. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(3), 751-763. DOI: 10.55817/GWKL2403.
    Abstract

    The experiment was conducted at Dicle University Field Crops Department, Southeast Anatolia, Diyarbakir Turkey in the 2018-2019 early spring growth periods. The study aimed to determine the effect of fertilizer treatments (control, phosphorus, nitrogen, organic, and Rhizobium) on plant traits of different faba bean cultivars (Filiz 99, Eresen 87, and Salkim). Plants were harvested in three different periods pre-flowering (43-62 days after sowing), full-flowering (52-75 days), and post-flowering (78-98 days), and shoot and root traits were evaluated. Fresh plant biomass, stem height, fresh and dry root weight, fresh and dry nodule weight, fresh leaf weight, and fresh and dry pod weight were responding to nitrogen fertilizer treatments depending on flowering periods. The number of nodules and fresh and dry nodule weight was affected to a different degree in both nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer treatments. Nodule weight showed a negative response to rhizobium inoculation. We determined that nitrogen (40 kg ha-1) and phosphorus (80 kg ha-1) fertilizer treatments on faba beans were important. However, we have not belied that fertilizer applications should not be applied for sustainable agriculture because of their high environmental efficiency.

    2022, Volume 5, Issue 2 (April)
    Cover of 2022, Volume 5, Issue 2 (April)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Puvača, N. Bioactive Compounds in Dietary Spices and Medicinal Plants J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(2), 704-711. DOI: 10.55817/UHFO5592
    Abstract

    Aim of this review is to show the most important bioactive compounds in hot spices such as black pepper (Piper nigrum L.), chilli pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and medicinal plant such AS garlic (Allium sativum L.), and its modes of action. Piperine is an alkaloid responsible for the pungency of black pepper, along with chavicine (C17H19NO3) which is an alkaloid found in black pepper and other species of the genus Piper. It is one of the four geometric isomers of piperine. The active compound in black pepper is piperine (Bioperine; N-[(E,E)-Piperoyl]piperidine; Piperine (aliphatic); 1-[(2E,4E)-5-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)penta-2,4-dienoyl]piperidine and etc.) which is responsible for bio enhancing effect. It has been found that piperine bioavailability enhancing property may be attributed to increased absorption, which may be due to alteration in membrane lipid dynamics and change in the conformation of enzymes in the intestines. Capsinoids is a family of compounds that are analogues of capsaicin, which is the pungent component in chilli peppers. Capsinoids are widely present at low levels in chilli pepper fruit which include capsiate, dihydrocapsiate, and nordihydrocapsiate. Capsaicin (C18H27NO3 or 8-Methyl-N-vanillyl-trans-6-nonenamide) is the active substance responsible for the irritating and pungent effects of various species of hot peppers. Allicin (C6H10S2O; allyl 2-propenethiosulfinate or diallyl thiosulfinate) is an organosulfur compound obtained from garlic, a species in the family Alliaceae. It was first isolated and studied in year 1944 and it is thought to be the principal bioactive compound present in aqueous garlic extract or raw garlic homogenate. When garlic is chopped or crushed, alliinase enzyme, present in garlic, is activated and acts on alliin (C6H11NO3S) to produce allicin. Other important sulfur containing compounds present in garlic are allyl methyl thiosulfonate, 1-propenyl allyl thiosulfonate, and γ-l glutamyl-S-alkyl-l-cysteine. These compounds provide garlic its characteristic odour and flavour. Small amounts of nonvolatile water-soluble sulfur compounds such as S-allyl cysteine are found in garlic as well. These biological responses of all this bioactive compounds have been largely attributed to reduction of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and cancer, stimulation of immune function, enhanced detoxification of foreign compound, antihepatotoxicity, cholesterol content reduction, antimicrobial effect, antifungal effect, antiinflammatory effect and antioxidant effect when consumed by animals or humans.

    Review
    Vapa Tankosić, J.; Puvača, N.; Giannenas, I.; Tufarelli, V.; Ignjatijević, S. Food Safety Policy in the European Union. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(2), 712-717. DOI: 10.55817/EMRK6646
    Abstract

    The aim of the research is to analyze the food safety policy in the European Union and the strength of the legal and regulatory framework that covers the entire food production chain "from the field to the table". The legal framework refers to feed and animal health, protection and care of animals, veterinary examinations, animal health measures, plant health checks, preparation and hygiene of food products. For the preparation of this paper, a descriptive method, analysis and synthesis technique, as well as analysis of the content of laws in the field of food safety policy in the European Union were used. The findings show that the food safety policy in the European Union is based on the principles of an integrated approach; primary responsibility, traceability of food, and its ingredients, transparency and risk analysis. The Republic of Serbia has adopted many amendments to the laws on food safety, plant protection products, plant health, as well as plant nutrition products and soil improvers, which are aimed at further harmonization with the acquis communautaire.

    Article
    Akinshipe, O.; Aigbavboa, C. Foreign Direct Investment for Construction: The Scope Under Sino-African Relations. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(2), 718-731. DOI: 10.55817/RLEQ2937
    Abstract

    Over the years, China has taken a decisive lead in partnering with Africa, especially in the construction industry. This study explores the scope of Sino-Africa relations in the Nigerian construction industry. In line with a descriptive nature, data was obtained from building professionals within Nigeria by means of a survey and analysed quantitatively using multivariate analysis. The study found that China’s involvement in the Nigerian construction industry executes project in four main categories viz land transportation; public facilities; water transportation; and building construction. It was established that China is an essential player in the Nigerian construction industry especially in infrastructure development. Hence there is a need to redefine the Sino-African partnership to focus on local capacity development while delivering optimum infrastructural development in African countries.

    2022, Volume 5, Issue 1 (February)
    Cover of 2022, Volume 5, Issue 1 (February)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Pastor, K.; Kojić, J.; Nastić, N.; Dobrijević, D.; Horvat, M.; Horvat, Z., Ačanski, M. Authentication Methodologies of Artisan and Sourdough Breads: State-of-the-Art and Perspectives. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(1), 680-686.
    Abstract

    Food authentication has received a lot of attention in the scientific community during the last decade. Various techniques have been applied in order to verify authenticity of cereals, pseudocereals, and flour, such as microscopic, biomolecular, and chemical (chromatographic, spectroscopic and isotopic). However, research on developing methodologies for detecting fraud in the market of bread and other bakery products is still being neglected. This is especially true for specialty products – artisan and sourdough breads, having higher prices on the food market due to specific production methods, high-quality ingredients and health-beneficial effects. Bearing this in mind, there is a strong obligation for the scientific community to develop and validate rapid, accurate, reliable and robust methods for verifying authenticity of specialty breads and other bakery products. These goals could be fulfilled by employing contemporary analytical instrumentation, providing the analyst with complex datasets, which are nowadays most frequently being processed by chemometric tools and machine learning algorithms.

    Review
    Hirko, B.; Abukiya, G. Bixa Orellana (Annatto Bixa): A Review on Use, Structure, Extraction Methods and Analysis. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(1), 687-696.
    Abstract

    Safety, environmental and sustainability considerations led to an increasing effort of natural dye to Synthetic dyes. One promising class of alternative natural colorants is the natural annatto dye. Annatto dye is obtained from the thin resinous aril portion of seeds of the Bixa orellana tropical plant of great agro-industrial interest and in the food industry given its availability, affordability, and safety. It is also widely used in cosmetics, pharmacy, and dyeing purposes. Bixin and norbixin are the main components of annatto colour which imparts red to yellow hue to the food matrix. Potentially viable methods of annatto dye extraction, extraction yield improvement, its stability in food products, must be employed for better economic prospects. Therefore, this review looks at the potential of isolating and applying annatto from a sustainable source as a possible replacement for synthetic dyes. Extraction techniques, as well as analytical analysis methods, are then discussed. The literature review shows that natural annatto dye had a sustainability impact, was safer for the environment than many synthetic dyes, and their analysis and extraction are simple and fast, making them potential substitutes for synthetic dyes.

    Article
    Novković, S.; Bursić, V.; Stojanović, T.; Špirović Trifunović, B.; Puvača, N.; Petrović, A.; Marinković, D.; Vuković, G. The Validation of a Method for the Determination of Chloramphenicol in Milk. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2022, 5(1), 697-703.
    Abstract

    The liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method with the liquid-liquid extraction and SPE (Waters OASIS HLB column) cleaning process was validated for the determination of chloramphenicol (CAP) residues in milk. The optimisation of the mass spectrometry parameters was performed by injecting the CAP standard solutions into the electrospray ion (ESI) source. The mass spectrometer was operated in the negative ESI mode. The validation data fulfilled the requirements established in the Regulations Decisions 2020/657/EC. During the validation process the chloramphenicol-D5 as an internal standard was used. The obtained results indicated the good linearity (R2 > 0.99) within the range of 0.1–2.0 μg/kg. The mean recovery for spiking levels was 96.5 ±10.59%. The limit of quantification (LOQ) was 0.1 μg /kg. The repeatability was 10.6%. The method fulfilled all the 2020/657/EC guidelines and thus can be extended for the routine analysis of CAP residues in milk.

    2021, Volume 4, Issue 6 (December)
    Cover of 2021, Volume 4, Issue 6 (December)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Article
    Kehinde, A. Roles of Retail Cooperative Marketing Strategies in Improving Marketing Efficiency of Small Agri-businesses in Ogun State, Nigeria. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(6), 664-673.
    Abstract

    Marketing strategies are essential tools that improve the marketing efficiency of small agri- businesses. This paper examined the effects of marketing strategies on the marketing efficiency of select small-scale farms in Ogun State, Nigeria. Garri's Poultry Processing and Feeding Industries were the firms selected for this study. A two-step sampling procedure was used to select 100 respondents consisting of 50 respondents each in the Garri and poultry feed processing industries respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the marketing margin and efficiency model, and the ordinary least squares (OLS) model. The results revealed that product (40%) and pricing (26%) strategies were the most important marketing strategies used by the poultry feed industries, while pricing (28%) and location strategies (27%) were the most important marketing strategies employed by Garri's crafting Industries. The marketing margin and efficiency model revealed an average net marketing margin of ₦ 16.502 with an efficiency of 0.34 for the poultry feed industries. On the other hand, the average net marketing margin of Garri's processing industries was ₦ 119 278.91 with an efficiency of 3.4. Regression estimates revealed that market research and pricing strategies positively impacted the marketing efficiency of the poultry feed industries, while pricing, product and location strategies positively impacted the marketing efficiency of the poultry industries. The findings implied that price is a strong predictor of marketing efficiency for small-scale farms. It is necessary to apply the use of pricing strategies for the marketing of agro-industrial products, as it plays an important role in increasing the efficiency of the marketing system of feed processors and Garri.

    Article
    Petrović, A.; Bursić, V.; Ivanović, I.; Marinković, D.; Stojanović, T.; Vuković, G.; Tanasković, S. Repellent Efficacy of Diethyltoluamide on Dermacentor marginatus Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae). J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(6), 674-679.
    Abstract

    Ticks can parasitize on a large number of hosts such as wild and domestic mammals, reptiles, birds, and humans. By changing hosts in order to take a blood meal, various pathogens could be transmitted from ticks to humans and animals. One of the preventive methods widely used to protect from tick bites is the use of substances with proven repellent effect. The aim of this study was to test DEET (diethyltoluamide) repellent efficacy as a function of time against Dermacentor marginatus ticks in laboratory conditions. The repellent efficacy was determined by ticks’ movement away or in the direction of the administrated preparation and expressed in percentages. Repellence decreased as a function of time, due to the evaporation of the active substance. DEET had 100% repellent efficacy on D. marginatus ticks in all replicates up to two hours after preparation application. After four hours it was 88.00%, and after eight hours 90.00% on average. In all five replicates the average repellent efficacy was 95.60%. Considering the confirmed ticks’ vector potential, studies on the repellent efficacy of certain substances are necessary, all with the aim to find widely available, highly efficient and economically justified substances, harmless to humans and animals.

    2021, Volume 4, Issue 5 (October)
    Cover of 2021, Volume 4, Issue 5 (October)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Article
    Vuković, G.; Vatazević, A.; Bursić, V.; Stojanović, T.; Petrović, A.; Marinković, D.; Špirić Trifunović, B. Development and Validation of a Reable LC-MS/MS Method for the Nicotine Residues Determination in Mushrooms. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(5), 635-640.
    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a specific and sensitive liquid chromatography tandem mass-spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the quantification of the nicotine residues in mushrooms according to SANTE/12682/2019. During the validation process the spiked mushroom samples were extracted using a QuEChERS AOAC method for the extraction (in the alkaline conditions, pH 10-11) and clean-up. The Quick Polar Pesticide Method (QuPPe) was used for the chromatography analyses and quantification, followed by the LC-MS/MS.

    Article
    Adekunle, P.; Aigbavboa, C.; Akinradewo, O. Intervention of Biomimicry for Sustainable Construction: The use of Bio-Concrete. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(5), 641-648.
    Abstract

    Biomimicry construction is defined as the science and art of solving human’s construction difficulties through emulating best biological proposition of nature. The benefits of biomimicry includes environmental and aesthetic factor. The use of materials such as bio-concrete increases environmental impacts exponentially. One of the major benefits of bio-concrete is that it is self-healing and it increases the effectiveness of any project design. Sustainable construction implies the use of materials that can be renewed and recycled, as well as reduce waste and energy consumption when building new edifice. To examine this intervention, this study employs a systematic literature review and site observation of how the use of bio-concrete can be adopted for the construction of buildings in the construction industry. Findings from this study revealed that biomimicry has helped to aid the development of sustainable construction. The use of bio-concrete which is a by-product of biomimicry will enable buildings to last for decades and also reduce maintenance cost. The usage of bio-concrete will also reduce concrete negative impact on the environment. The study concluded that the cost of producing bio-concrete is lesser than that of traditional abiotic reinforced concrete. By using bio-concrete for construction, assurance of a healthy environment is achievable.

    Article
    Iromini, O.; Amujoyegbe, B.; Kehinde, A.; Bamire, A. Adoption of Cassava-Legume Intensification Options among Farmers in Innovation Platform of Humidtropics Programme in Southwestern Nigeria. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(5), 649-663.
    Abstract

    Adoption of cassava-legume intercropping systems is fundamental to increasing the land productivity which increases profit margin of farmers. Therefore, this study investigated the factors influencing farmers’ adoption of a cassava-legume intensification options and the profitability of cassava legumes intensification options. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 40 farmers from each of the Innovation platforms from the four Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Osun and Oyo states where the platforms are located to give a sample total of one hundred and sixty (160) respondents for the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, logit regression technique and farm budgetary analysis. The result showed that cassava-legume farming was dominated by male (78.8%). Majority (95%) was married and had formal education (78.1%). The results further showed that the estimated variable cost of ₦ 163,532.44 was incurred while total fixed cost was ₦ 11,079.86. Total revenue generated was ₦ 297,762.86, while net income and gross margin were ₦ 123,150.56 and ₦ 134,230.42. Binary logistic regression result revealed that years of education and farm size had positive relationship with farmers’ adoption of cassava-legume intensification options while revenue from cassava- legume intensification options was negatively related to farmers’ adoption of cassava-legume intensification options. The results showed that increase in the years of education and farm size will increase the likelihood of choosing cassava-legume among other intensification options while increase in revenue generated may not have effect in the likelihood of choosing cassava-legume among other intensification options. It was concluded that cassava cowpea intercrop was the most preferred by the farmers and was highly profitable. However, there is a need for an increase in the enlightenment of a cassava-legume intensification options through educational programmes, if the level of cassava-legume intercropping systems is to be increased in the study area.

    2021, Volume 4, Issue 4 (August)
    Cover of 2021, Volume 4, Issue 4 (August)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Article
    Đorđević, M.; Stojanović, T.; Bursić, V.; Vuković, G.; Špirić Trifunović, B.; Petrović, A.; Marinković, D.; Tanasković, S. GC-MSD Analysis of the Melaleuca Alternofolia Chemical Composition. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(4), 613-618.
    Abstract

    In recent decades Melaleuca alternifolia has gained increasing attention in scientific circles due to its broad-spectrum germicidal and antimicrobial effects. The aim of this study was to analyse its essential oil by the GC-MSD. The main constituent was terpinen-4-ol with 38.5% in content, followed by α-pinene (18.4% in content) and γ-terpinene (14.0% in content). Beside the mentioned components 24 other constituents were detected which in total make less than 30.00% of the studied essential oil.

    Article
    Mamlić, Z.; Uhlarik, A.; Đukić, V.; Vasiljević, S.; Katanski, S.; Dozet, G. Influence of Growth Regulators on Soybean Morphology Depending on Weather Conditions During the Vegetation Period. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(4), 619-624.
    Abstract

    The aim of the research was to test the effect of application of plant growth regulators ascorbic acid (AsA), glycine betaine (GB) salicylic acid (SA), and water (H2O) on morphological characteristics of soybean plant (plant height, number of lateral branches, total number of nodules, number of fertile nodules, number of pods and weight of 1000 seeds). The field trial was conducted at an experimental field of the Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops in Novi Sad, Serbia in 2016–2017. The plant of the soybean cultivar ‘Sava’ was treated twice. The first treatment was done in the R1 reproductive stage and the second treatment was done in the R3 reproductive stage. Research has shown that in a favorable year (2016), the application of GB had the best effect on the number of lateral branches and fertile nodules. The use of SA achieved a significantly higher 1000 seed weight in relation to the control, but also water, regardless of the weather conditions during the vegetation. In 2016, compared to the control, the 1000 seeds weight increased by 10.36%, while in 2017 the effect was slightly higher by 12.92%. However, studies have shown that the use of growth regulators can also have a negative effect on the morphological characteristics of soybean plants, depending on the year and the weather conditions during the growing season.

    Article
    Aćimović, M.; Zeremski, T.; Kiprovski, B.; Brdar-Jokanović, M.; Popović, V.; Koren, A.; Sikora, V. Nepeta cataria – Cultivation, Chemical Composition and Biological Activity. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(4), 620-634.
    Abstract

    Nepeta cataria, also known as catnip or catmint, is the most widespread and intensively studied species. The name catmint is derived from the strong attraction most cats have towards this species. Because of this, it is often used in pet toy industry as a safe attractant for cats. The main compounds responsible for this reaction in cats are nepetalactones. However, N. cataria var. citriodora or lemon catnip, an aromatic herb with a lemony-mint flavor, resembles true catnip, but is not attractive to cats. This variety is a good source for industrial production of citral and an attractive raw material for food industry and cooking; it is used as a dry spicy mixture for dessert dishes, in manufacturing of cheese, sausages, alcoholic beverages (liqueurs and vermouth) and soft drinks, vegetable and fruit canned food. N. cataria is cultivated for ornamental purposes, and because of the long flowering duration and large production of pollen and nectar it is very suitable for beekeeping. According to scientific reports, N. cataria possess antioxidant, hepatoprotective and antidiabetic activities, as well as sedative, antidepressant, spasmolytic, anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities. Experiments show that this plant influences sexual activity, and expresses anticancer properties. Antimicrobial activity against a number of bacteria is also noted, as well as repellent and insecticidal properties. Nematodidal and allelopathic effects are also noted.

    2021, Volume 4, Issue 3 (June)
    Cover of 2021, Volume 4, Issue 3 (June)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Đurić, K.; Prodanović, R.; Jahić, M. Experiences of European Union Countries in the Field of Agricultural Cooperatives. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(3), 583-590.
    Abstract

    A cooperative is an autonomous association of persons voluntarily united to meet their common economic, social and cultural needs and desires through a jointly owned, democratically controlled enterprise. The key values on which authentic cooperatives are based were defined at the thirtieth congress of the International Cooperative Alliance in Manchester in 1995. The five key values of cooperatives are: self-help, democracy, equality, justice and solidarity.
    The aim of the research is to review the experiences of European Union countries in the field of agricultural cooperatives. These experiences should serve as guidelines in creating a strategy for further development of agricultural cooperatives in the Republic of Serbia. The research focused on three topics in the field of agricultural cooperatives, namely: (1) market participation of cooperatives, (2) development policies and strategies, and (3) attitudes of young farmers about association. The research was conducted using comparative and historical methods, as well as methods of analysis, synthesis, induction and deduction. In the countries of the European Union, service and traffic are more represented, in relation to the production function of cooperatives. Also, all EU countries have integration processes in cooperatives at the vertical level, ie economic association and connection of cooperatives, which results in a reduction in the total number of cooperatives and an increase in their share in total turnover.

    Article
    Songül, G.; Abdurrahman, K.; Songül, A. Factors Affecting the Farmers’ Decision-Making on Tractor Power Selection in Pistachio Farms: The Case of Siirt Province in Turkey. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(3), 591-597.
    Abstract

    The selection of tractor power and agricultural equipment-machinery in agriculture is one of the most important issues in terms of mechanization planning and optimization. It is stated that the most important factors influencing the selection of tractors and agricultural machinery are land type, land size and crop production pattern. The main purpose of this study was to determine the major factors affecting tractor power selection in pistachio production farms in Siirt province in the Southeast Anatolia Region of Turkey. Study data were obtained from the 69-tractor owned pistachio farms using questionnaires during the face-to-face interviews in 2019. Descriptive statistical methods and multiple regression analysis with the least squares estimation procedure was used to determine the tractor power level and the factors affecting the selection of tractor power. Data analysis revealed that farmer age, the number of parcels, the soil structure had significant effect on the selection of tractor power as the effect of education level, the share of rented land in total farmland, and land slope were marginally significant. However, the ratio of irrigated land and pistachio acreage in total farmland and stoniness was not effective.

    Article
    Abdullah, A.M.; Karuna, B.; Shah, S.; Abdul, K. Plant Traits Associated with Stagnant Flooding Tolerance in Rice (Oryza sativa L.). J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(3), 598-612.
    Abstract

    Stagnant flooding (SF) causes severe damage to modern rice varieties. This study was designed to evaluate morpho-physiological traits associated with tolerance of rice under SF. Ten aman rice varieties were tested under control and SF conditions. In SF treatment, 2-3 cm water depth was maintained upto 10 days after transplanting (DAT), than water depth increased gradually upto 50 cm that was maintained for 14 days. Although plants were not fully submerged, the yield was reduced by 25% across genotypes compared with those grown under control condition. This reduction was mainly attributed to the reduction in biomass caused by water height that reduced light interception under water. Stagnant flooding also affect chlorophyll content, spikelet and panicle production. The panicle number per unit area reduced by 55 % because of reduced tillering. Shoot elongation rate kept pace with rising floodwater and biomass production. Shoot elongation rate strongly and positively correlated with relative grain yield under SF. Principle component analysis suggest that to dry matter production and shoot elongation were the key determinant of SF tolerance in rice. Fine-tuning for optimum dry matter production and shoot elongation with rising floodwater is, therefore, a priority for future work.

    2021, Volume 4, Issue 2 (April)
    Cover of 2021, Volume 4, Issue 2 (April)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Aćimović, M. Essential Oils: Inhalation Aromatherapy – A Comprehensive Review. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(2), 547-557.
    Abstract

    In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in the aromatherapy, a branch of phytotherapy, utilizing essential oils for the health maintenance. Essential oils are mainly applied through inhalation (through the respiratory system or olfactory nerves), through topical absorption (through skin) or through ingestion (digestive system). The essential oils are mixtures of many organic compounds, and their biological activity and fragrance are conditioned by their chemical composition. According to the aroma they can be classified into several groups: citrus, herbaceous, camphorous, floral, woody, earthy, minty and spicy. This paper reports a literature relating to the use of essential oils in inhalation aromatherapy. However, this type of aromatherapy does not cure major illnesses but it is effective at relaxation and stress relief, mood enhancement, balance and well-being, relief of minor discomforts and boosting the immune, respiratory and circulatory systems.

    Article
    Tamirat, N. Adoption of Chemical Fertilizer Technology and Household Food Security, in Southern Ethiopia, in Case of Soro District in Hadiya Zone. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(2), 558-576.
    Abstract

    Adoption of chemical fertilizer technologies is a prerequisite for achieving sustainable agricultural development. However, the link between chemical fertilizer technology adoption decision and food security remains poorly understood due to lack of comprehensive measures of food security. Therefore, this study attempts to investigate the factors affecting chemical fertilizer technology adoption decision, intensity of employing and its impact on the food security in Soro district, southern Ethiopia. A cross – sectional field survey was conducted among 382 cereal crop growers in Soro district in 2019 cropping season. Descriptive statistics and econometric methods such as probit regression, Heckman two stage and propensity score matching was developed for the data analysis. The results of probit regression revealed that the technology participant was significantly affected by size of family, education, family labor force, livestock holding, credit service, extension service, information, distance to market, distance to road and non-farm activity. Intensity of the technology significantly influenced by sex, size of family, family labor force, educational, marital status, membership to cooperative, extension service, access to credit and livestock holding. The findings suggest that the role of technology adoption at farm level due to higher yield and income could translate in to reduced poverty. Rural development office, extension office, and another concern body should give an important attention to adoption decision which is base for enhancing yield. Expansion in the level of adoption would consequently improve welfare economy.

    Article
    Lika, E. Sustainable Rural Development in Albania Through Agriculture and Livestock: Challenges in the European Union Perspective. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(2), 577-582.
    Abstract

    Albania's agricultural and food sector has shown remarkable resilience and adaptability over the last decades to a changing technological, economic, and social environment. This adjustment took place within a supportive policy setting that contributed to altering this long-term process. Whereas the agri-food sector still represents today an essential component of the Albanian economy, it has also shown critical importance for the environment and landscape in contributing over the centuries to creating and maintaining a variety of valuable semi-natural habitats to shape the majority of Albanian's landscapes. During the last two decades, Albania's agriculture sector passes through changes manifested through its modernization and a gradual increase in productivity. From 1995 productivity doubled and now amounts to around 3.500 USD per worker in the industry. Although it is a positive tendency, agriculture productivity is still five times less than in Greece, 15 times less than in Austria – two countries with several smaller farmers and share of extensive agriculture. These clearly show the development potential of the agriculture sector.

    2021, Volume 4, Issue 1 (February)
    Cover of 2021, Volume 4, Issue 1 (February)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Puvača, N.; Lika, E.; Brkanlić, S.; Breso Esteve, E.; Ilić, D.; Shtylla Kika, T.; Brkić, I. The Pandemic of SARS-CoV-2 as a Worldwide Health Safety Risk. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(1), 523-532.
    Abstract

    The novel SARS virus, known as SARS-CoV-2, and the disease it causes, are acknowledged as a worldwide pandemic, thus breaking confusion on natural life and economies over the globe. The magnitude of the outbreak of COVID-19, which has been discovered relatively recently, and its massive impact on lives, societies, and the affected countries' economies is unparalleled. Cases of COVID-19 infection have been reported in 212 countries, with more than 71.2 million people have been affected till December 2020, resulting in more than 1.6 million deaths. All around the world, COVID-19 was transmitted through human-to-human, which has resulted in a worldwide outbreak. To decrease new infections and transmissions, measures such as lockdown has been applied in affected countries. However, all the daily activities were moved to a virtual reality, which adds more impact to investigate the virtual reality's future and its significant impact during this challenging time. This paper presents a short insight on the outbreak of coronavirus, COVID-19, by providing an analysis of the confirmed cases and discussing the disease's impact on social lives, gender influences, gyms as a safe and healthy places, economies, and health safety risks worldwide between humans and pet animals.

    Article
    Auhida, A.; Žuža, M.; Prodanović, R.; Bošković, J. Hydro-chemical Quality of Well Water in Ghadames Area in Northwestern Libya. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(1), 533-539.
    Abstract

    Aim of this research was to investigate the suitability of well water for the human consumption in the Ghadames area of northwestern Libya. Having in mind that water is valuable natural resources and limiting factor for the life and that the fresh water plays vital role to sustain the international economic, and thus that well water recorded over the years extreme high salinity, this research was very necessary. Beside high salinity pollution of well water has become serious problem in the arid zones which should be addressed. For this study total of thirty different well water samples were collected during April 2016. The hydro-chemical parameters such as pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardiness (TH), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na), potassium (K), chloride (Cl), sulfate (SO4), bicarbonate (HCO3), fluoride (F), nitrate (NO3) and iron (Fe) were analyzed. Obtain results were compared with WHO and Libyan water standards. In this study, the most of the parameters of the water samples were beyond the permissible limits and analyzed water was not suitable for drinking.

    Article
    Marić, M.; Stajčić, I.; Prodanović, R.; Nikolova, N.; Lika, E.; Puvača, N. Chili Pepper and its Influence on Productive Results and Health Parameters of Broiler Chickens. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2021, 4(1), 540-546.
    Abstract

    An experiment was conducted to investigate chili pepper's effect in broiler nutrition on productive performances and blood lipid profile. For biological research, three treatments with a total of 450 broilers were formed within four replicates. Control treatment (CON) of chickens were fed with a standard feed mixture, while the experimental treatments were fed with the same mixture only with the addition of two levels of chili pepper 0.5 (CP-0.5) and 1.0% (CP-1.0). The addition of chili pepper in the amount of 0.5% has led to the highest final body weight of chickens (2460.6 g), followed by the addition of 1.0% (2442.4 g) with significant differences (p<0.05) compared to a control treatment (2075.8 g). The lowest amounts of triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) were recorded in broilers in treatments with chili pepper with statistically significant (p<0.05) differences compared to a control treatment. The highest share of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) with statistical significance (p<0.05) was also determined in chili pepper treatments. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that the addition of chili pepper in broiler chicken nutrition has positive effects on production performances and in the improvement of chicken blood lipid profile.

    2020, Volume 3, Issue 6 (December)
    Cover of 2020, Volume 3, Issue 6 (December)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Puvača, N.; Bursić, V.; Vuković, G.; Budakov, D.; Petrović, A.; Merkuri, J.; Avantaggiato, G.; Cara, M. Ascomycete Fungi (Alternaria spp.) Characterization as Major Feed Grains Pathogens. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(6), 499-505.
    Abstract

    The emergence of new infectious plant diseases is driven by anthropogenic and environmental change, including trade, land use, and climate changes. The movement of infected plant material through trade in plant products, germplasm, grafts, and live plants has been recognized as the most significant contributing factor to the emergence of new plant diseases. Alternaria spp. are ubiquitous fungi. They are present in the human and animals' environment, being commonly found in environmental dust samples and air conditioning systems, while spore traps often show evidence of Alternaria dispersal. Alternaria spp. have even been shown to be associated with insects, having been isolated from the backs of cockroaches. Little work has been performed to investigate the saprotrophic lifestyle of Alternaria spp., which probably accounts for the majority of Alternaria species in nature. Alternaria spp. can persist on low nutrient media, suggesting that they can complete their lifecycle in poor nutrient environments. This review aims to present the lifestyle of ascomycete fungi such as Alternaria spp. and show their characterization as major feed grains pathogens in agricultural feed production.p>

    Review
    Puvača, N.; Budakov, D.; Petrović, A.; Vuković, G.; Merkuri, J.; Avantaggiato, G.; Bursić, V.; Cara, M. Molecular Characterization of Alternaria spp. and Presence of Toxin in Isolated Genes: Review. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(6), 506-515.
    Abstract

    The precision and efficiency of phytosanitary regulatory pursuits are conditional upon correct recognition of solitary confinement material, which in turn is reliant upon an exact taxonomic structure. Traditional disease diagnosis methods include the study of indicators on the host, isolation of fungi in suitable culture media, and ascertaining sexual and asexual edifices’ attributes along with spores used for the taxonomic classification. Attainment of components allowing pathogenicity on hosts has been indicated to have led the conversion in Alternaria alternata from a saprophytic to a plant pathogenic lifestyle. These elements are described as being “host-specific” or “host-selective” because they provide specific pathogenicity to a particular host or range of hosts. Barcoding uses a set of primers with broad specificity to magnify genetic regions typically 500-800 bp in length. Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 is the animal barcoding locus and has been commonly used in fungi. Phylogenetic examinations have endeavored to define whether A. alternata pathotypes containing specific toxin genes are different phylogenetic taxa, and three descriptions can be deemed for the allotment of pathotypes all through the Alternaria phylogeny. Based on the above, this review aimed to present the molecular characterization of Alternaria spp. and toxin in isolated genes.

    Article
    Dozet, G.; Đukić, V.; Miladinov, Z.; Cvijanović, G.; Ranđelović, P.; Jovanović Todorović, M.; Cvijanović, M. Sowing Depth - A Significant Factor for Establishing the Optimal Number of Plants Per Unit Area of Soybean. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(6), 516-522.
    Abstract

    The number of plants per unit area has a great influence on soybean yield. The achieved composition depends primarily on the quality of the seeds, but also on the quality of soil preparation, meteorological conditions, the correctness of the seeder and the depth of sowing. In soybean production, it often happens that the pre-sowing preparation is done immediately before sowing, the sowing layer of the soil does not settle enough, and the sowing is done at a greater depth than optimal. Due to too deep sowing, germination and germination of soybean plants is difficult, the composition is thinned, and the achieved yield is reduced. Too shallow sowing also often occurs due to inadequate tillage or sowing to uneven depths. If the surface layer of the soil dries out after sowing, the seedlings will deteriorate, the composition will thin out and the soybean yield will decrease. The aim of this research is to consider the optimal, shallow, and deep sowing of soybean seeds on the number of plants per unit area, as a condition for achieving maximum soybean yield. By sowing to a depth of 3 to 5 cm in 2017 and 3 to 6 cm in 2017, a set of plants over 400,000 ha-1 was achieved, while with increasing or decreasing sowing depth, the number of sprouted plants significantly decreased.

    2020, Volume 3, Issue 5 (October)
    Cover of 2020, Volume 3, Issue 5 (October)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Puvača, N.; Bursić, V.; Petrović, A.; Vuković, G.; Cara, M.; Peulić, T.; Avantaggiato, G. Mycotoxin Incidence of Ochratoxin A in Wine and Methods for its Control. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(5), 475-482.
    Abstract

    Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced under special conditions of moisture and temperature by aerobic, microscopic fungi that can colonize various foods from before harvesting up to consumer use. Contamination of wine by ochratoxin A has gained worldwide interest in recent years with the revelation of these toxins' effect on human health. Ochratoxin A, produced by Aspergillus species, poses the greatest threat to human health and is subject to government regulation in juices and beverages worldwide. This review provides an overview of the prevalence of ochratoxin A in wine and control methods, which help establish and carry out proper management strategies.

    Review
    Bošković, J. Influence of Genetic Variability of Grapes to Produce High-Quality Wines. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(5), 483-488.
    Abstract

    Grapevine is one of the most important fruit crops economically and is widely grown all over the world. Most of the grapevine fruits produced is processed into wine. Other than that, significant portions have also been used for fresh consumption, dried or processed into juice. The objectives of grapevine breeding vary based on the way it is used and they can be specific to the region in which it is grown. However, most of the time the end goal of breeding programs is to combine high yield and high fruit quality with better resistance to various diseases, and improved adaptation to different environments. Desirable traits such these can be exploited from the vast genetic resources of the Vitis genus. Methods like conventional breeding, mutation and polyploid breeding, and biotechnological approaches have been used to incorporate useful traits. Combining these methods will allow breeders to meet the growing demands for novel grapevine varieties and to produce high-quality wines.

    Review
    Prodanović, R.; Brkić, I.; Škrbić, S.; Đurić, K.; Bošković, J. Strengthening the Capacity of the Wine Sector in the Service of Sustainable Rural Development of the Republic of Serbia. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(5), 489-498.
    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to present the state of wine production and business of wineries in the Republic of Serbia, in order to create a set of measures to strengthen the capacity of the wine sector in the function of rural development. The results of the research show that viticulture production in the Republic of Serbia is poorly developed. These are modest areas and yields, with the absence of the use of modern knowledge and technologies in production. The wine industry has seen progress in the last two decades, but the situation is still unsatisfactory. In order to strengthen the capacity of the wine sector, it is necessary to focus on modernizing processing technology, branding, differentiation, new investments, education, association of winemakers, simplification of administrative procedures, applying for EU funds, increasing incentives, promotion and creating a stimulating business climate. Without stronger state support, no significant growth in the competitiveness of the wine industry can be expected. Since the number of wineries in the Republic of Serbia has recently increased, it is to be expected that the production of grapes and wine, as well as exports, will increase, and thus achieve significantly greater economic-ecological-social effects.

    2020, Volume 3, Issue 4 (August)
    Cover of 2020, Volume 3, Issue 4 (August)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Gardašević, M.; Brkić, I.; Krstić, T. Innovations in Agricultural and Wine Production Sector. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(4), 448-454.
    Abstract

    The subject of this paper is to consider the issues concerning the importance of innovation in the agricultural and wine sector. In order to remain on the market and remain its competitiveness, it is necessary for the small agricultural enterprises to improve their production process, which can be achieved by monitoring and improving innovative activities. These activities include not only the application of new products, but also the entire way of thinking, acting and managing the creative potential of the organization in order to improve production. Innovation management includes a set of aplicable measures and methods which help the organization to adapt on market conditions and requirements. The methods used in this paper are: synthesis, analysis, induction, deduction, gelenarization, content analysis. Through a systematic review of the literature, the aim of this paper is to point out to all interested parts, the importance of respecting innovations in agricultural and wine production.

    Review
    Puzić, G. Analysis of Contemporary Decision-Making Models in Farms. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(4), 455-463.
    Abstract

    Individuals in organizations make decisions at all levels and in all business areas. It simply means that they need to select among several alternatives. However, the decision-making process is much more complex than the simple act of choice. There is a more rational approach to decision-making, but all authors agree that the process begins by identifying the problem and ends up evaluating applied solutions. This paper will deal with contemporary decision-making models, now available to all organizations who want to promote their business.

    Article
    Miladinov, Z.; Balešević Tubić, S.; Miladinović, J.; Đukić, V.; Dozet, G.; Milošević, B.; Vasiljević, S. Effect of Electrostatic Field on Germination of Primed and Unprimed Soybean Seeds. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(4), 464-474.
    Abstract

    The aim of this paper was to examine the influence of electrostatic field on the quality parameter of unprimed and primed soybean seeds. The experiment was conducted at the Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops in Novi Sad on soybean seeds of NS Blackstar variety. Seeds were exposed to different values of electrical voltage: 0 V (control), 3 V, 6 V and 9 V. Before exposure, the seeds were primed in water for 0, 1, 2 and 3 hours. Results of the conducted experiment showed that the influence of the electrostatic field on the unprimed soybean seeds depended on the strength of applied electrical voltage to conducting electrodes. By applying electrical voltage of 6 V to conducting electrodes, germination energy was increased by 10%, while germination was increased by 5% compared to control. However, the application of electrical voltage of 3 V and 9 V, showed that germination energy was significantly decreased, 19% and 21%, respectively. On primed soybean seeds, the use of electrostatic field led to a significant reduction in seed quality, regardless of the time of primed. The results also showed that the treatment that significantly increased the germination energy and germination of unprimed seeds, was treatment with applied electrical voltage of 6 V. This treatment had a significant effect on the germination rate parameter, but only on MGT and T50. In other treatments, applied electrical voltage did not affect or prolong the time of seed germination.

    2020, Volume 3, Issue 3 (June)
    Cover of 2020, Volume 3, Issue 3 (June)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review
    Aćimović, M.; Puvača, N. Tanacetum vulgare L. – A Systematic Review. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(3), 416-422.
    Abstract

    Tanacetum vulgare L. (syn. Chrysanthemum vulgare L.) commonly known as tansy, is a perennial herb of the Asteraceae family, native to temperate Europe and Asia, where it grows along roadsides, hedgerows and waste places. It was introduced into North America for medicinal and horticultural purposes and now grows wild throughout many USA states. It has two varieties: var. vulgare (distributed in N Europe and N America, however in Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily ssp. siculum grows, in some cases reported as a separate species) and var. boreale (distributed in Russia, China, N Korea and Japan). Aerial plant parts contain essential oil divided into chemotypes, and the environmental adaptability of the plants can be assumed from essential oil contents. T. vulgare is also rich in phenolic acids, flavonoids and their derivatives which contribute to the pharmacological actions of the plant.

    Review
    Aćimović, M.; Kiprovski, B.; Gvozdenac, S. Application of Cymbopogon citratus in Agro-Food Industry. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(3), 423-436.
    Abstract

    Plants, particularly medicinal and aromatic species, and plant-derived compounds have been used for centuries in human and veterinary medicine, but nowadays they have increasingly important role in agro-food industry. They present a rich source of bioactive compounds with a wide range of applications that answer to/coup with certain emerging challenges. The most important are growing demands for food safety and concern about human health and environmental pollution that altogether impose the need for more intensive use of plants and their compounds in food industry and agricultural production. This is a reason why, in recent decades, more intensive research has been carried out related to new, bio-rational and specific trends in agro-food industry. Cymbopogon citratus Stapf., lemongrass, is one of medicinal plant species with large application potential in different areas. This review provides an insight into current research and potential applications of C. citratus in food and feed technology, plant protection (as repellent, biofungicide, bioinsecticide, bioherbicide, etc.) and in veterinary medicine purposes. The most comprehensive research on biological activity of lemongrass has been carried out in the field of medicine, entomology and plant protection. However, the information on allelopathic effects and agro-food application is scarce and insufficient, requiring additional research.

    Review
    Nastić, N.; Gavrić, A.; Vladić, J.; Vidović, S.; Aćimović, M.; Puvača, N.; Brkić, I. Spruce (Picea abies (L.). H. Karst): Different Approaches for Extraction of Valuable Chemical Compounds. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(3), 437-447.
    Abstract

    Recent years have seen enormously increased utilization of wood-based compounds, extracts, and biomass, as well as worldwide interest in manufacturing health-promoting pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, food additives, and bioenergy. Available literature indicates that spruce-based materials represent a source of wide range of valuable compounds, such as phenolic acids, flavonoids, lignans, stilbene glucosides, resin acids, terpenes, fatty acids, sterols and polysaccharides. A great deal of attention has been given to extraction routes towards the valorization of spruce and its residues. Accordingly, the objective of this review was to collect aspects related to the technologies employed to obtain and isolate different compounds from spruce-based materials, integrating conventional and non-conventional methods investigated in the literature.

    2020, Volume 3, Issue 2 (April)
    Cover of 2020, Volume 3, Issue 2 (April)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Article
    Karademir, E.; Karademir, C.; Arslan, D.; Onder Uçar, O. Comparisons of yield, yield components and fiber technological characteristics of modern cotton varieties. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(2), 388-401.
    Abstract

    This study was carried out to determine yield, yield components, and fiber quality characteristics of some modern cotton varieties and also to find out their improvement compared to control varieties in terms of investigated traits in the 2015 and 2017 cotton growing season. In the study, 10 genotypes (8 modern cotton varieties which registered after 2010 and two check varieties) were used as plant materials. There were significant differences between varieties in terms of first picking percentage, ginning percentage, plant height, date of first flowering, number of the node to first fruiting branch, number of monopodial branches, boll weight, seed cotton weight, number of seeds per boll, fiber fineness, length, strength, elongation, and uniformity, while non-significant differences were obtained for seed cotton yield, number of sympodial branches, number of boll per plant and short fiber index. Besides, year differences were significant for seed cotton yield, first picking percentage, plant height, date of first flowering, number of the node to first fruiting branches and fiber fineness. A year and variety interactions were also significant for the date of first flowering, fiber length, strength, elongation, and uniformity. In conclusion, there was an improvement in used modern cotton varieties for ginning percentage, plant height, first picking percentage, date of first flowering, number of the node to first fruiting branch, number of monopodial branches, boll weight, seed cotton weight of per boll, number of seeds per boll, fiber fineness, length, strength, and elongation, while they showed similar values in terms of seed cotton yield, number of bolls per plant, number of sympodial branches, fiber uniformity ratio, and short fiber index.

    Article
    Karaaslan, D.; Toncer, O.; Ozturk, F. The effect of different sulfur levels on seed yield and oil content of some rapeseed cultivars. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(2), 402-407.
    Abstract

    In recent years, S deficiency has been described as a limiting factor for crop production in most regions of the world. It has been determined that S deficiency decreases the quality and yield of plant tissue. Therefore, it is known that there is a linear relationship between the oil contents of the plants and the sulfur contents. Brassica napus L. (Cruciferae), is one of the cultivated medicinal food and oil plants. So, it is important to determine the most appropriate sulfur dose in the plant. This study aimed to determine the effect of different dosages of sulfur on the fatty oil with some agronomic properties in the rapeseed. This work, which was held in 2011 and 2012, was carried out in the experimental fields of the Faculty of Agriculture of the Dicle University. In the research, two cultivars of rapeseed (Licord and Licrown) and 6 of sulfur doses (0 kg/ha, 30 kg/ha, 60 kg/ha, 90 kg/ha, 120 kg/ha and 150 kg/ha) were applied. The highest yield in terms of seed yield was obtained from the 15 kg/ha sulfur dose in Licrown cv. range with 294 kg/ha in the second year, while the highest fatty oil content was obtained in 0 kg/ha in Licrown cv. with 45.7% and 45.4% in both years.

    Article
    Basdemir, F.; Turk, Z.; Elis, S.; Tunç, M.; Ipekesen, S.; Bicer, B.T. The effect of fertilizer treatment on plant traits of faba bean in pre-blooming and full blooming periods under greenhouse conditions. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(2), 408-415.
    Abstract

    This experiment was conducted out at Dicle University Agriculture Faculty, Diyarbakir, Turkey during February-May, 2019 in the greenhouse. This research was aimed to determine the effect of fertilizer treatments (organic and inorganic) at different periods (pre-blooming, full-blooming and post blooming periods) on plant traits of faba bean varieties (Salkım, Filiz 99 and Eresen 87). All traits for fertilizer treatments were evaluated separately in pre-blooming, full blooming, and post-blooming. The effect of treatment on the number of nodules plant-1 and the fresh nodule weight was significant. P fertilizer treatment was generally higher than other treatments. The effect of treatments on fresh and dry leaf weight was significant in the pre-flowering period. Fresh leaf weight ranged from 5.9 g in bacteria inoculation to 8.3 g in N fertilizer. Dry leaf weight in N (0.81 g), control (0.79 g) and P (0.73 g) were high, but in organic fertilizer (0.69 g) and bacteria inoculation (0.62 g) treatments were low.

    2020, Volume 3, Issue 1 (February)
    Cover of 2020, Volume 3, Issue 1 (February)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Article
    Marinković, D.; Nešin, K.; Bursić, V.; Vuković, G.; Gvozdenac, S.; Konstantinović, B.; Petrović, A. The effects of lambda-cyhalothrin on juvenile forms of Eisenia fetida (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae). J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(1), 361-367.
    Abstract

    The aim of the study was to obtain the data on mortality and average weight changes in juvenile forms of earthworm Eisenia fetida (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae) exposed to the different dosages of lambda-cyhalothrin in laboratory conditions. Fourteen days after insecticide application, the decrease in average mass was noticed in earthworm groups treated with the highest dosage (20.45%). The highest weight increase was detected in the group treated with the recommended dosage in agricultural practice. The highest mortality rate was observed 72 hours and seven days after the treatment in groups treated with the highest dosage when almost one third of the initial populations were lost. The obtained results are important to protect the health of the environment and are of increasing interest in the context of protecting human health.

    Article
    Pestorić, B.; Drakulović, D.; Joksimović, D., Jokanović, S. Zooplankton as an indicator of trophic conditions in marina basin, Tivat bay. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(1), 368-374.
    Abstract

    This paper presents the results of zooplankton abundance on three sites in marina Porto Montenegro in Tivat Bay. The occurrence of protozoa Noctiluca scintillans during the spring month and cladocera Penilia avirostris during the summer months is significant. The maximum value of Noctiluca scintillans was 4096 ind/m3, while Penilia avirostris reached 7632 ind/m3. Gelatinous organisms generally did not have a significant contribution in total zooplankton, except the appearance of hydromedusa Obelia spp. in January, when it reached the maximum value of 70 ind/m3. A total of 61 taxa in 11 zooplankton groups were recorded. The maximum value of Margalef’s richness index was in winter, 3.93 while the minimum calculated value was in summer, only 1.34.

    Review
    Lak, M.; Minaei, S.; Rafiei, A. Temporal and spatial field management using crop growth modeling: A review. J Agron Technol Eng Manag 2020, 3(1), 375-387.
    Abstract

    Precision agriculture (PA), defined as spatial/temporal management of agricultural practices, requires adequate knowledge about crop growth and development phenology, requirements, and the parameters affecting them. Despite the importance of temporal management of agricultural practices, it has not been dealt with in most of the reviewed literature. In this paper, temporal management of agricultural practices in precision agriculture is discussed and crop growth simulation models are suggested as robust tools to schedule the agricultural practices. Crop Growth Models (CGMs), by scheduling the crop production activities can help producers to temporarily manage the inputs, while the efficiency of production would be enhanced. Some of the well-known crop growth models are introduced as tools for simulating the required production inputs during the growth period. Finally, time-specific management (TSM) of agricultural practices base on these models is suggested as the next generation of PA.

    2019, Volume 2, Issue 6 (December)
    Cover of 2019, Volume 2, Issue 6 (December)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Original research paper
    POPOVIĆ, S., PUVAČA, N., PEULIĆ, T., IKONIĆ, P., SPASEVSKI, N., KOSTADINOVIĆ, LJ. and ĐURAGIĆ, O. (2019) The usefulness of dietary essential oils mixture supplementation on quality aspect of poultry meat.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(6): 335-343.
    Abstract

    The main objective of this research was to determine the effects of dietary essential oils mixture of thyme (Thymus vulgaris), oregano (Origanum vulgare) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), on breast and thigh with drumstick composition, technological and sensory quality of poultry meat. In order to realize the tasks set, biological trial was carried out with 840 Ross 308 strain broiler chickens equally distributed into three dietary treatments. The diets were supplemented with no essential oils mixture (T1), essential oils mixture at 0.05%  (T2) and essential oils mixture at 0.10% (T3). On the basis of gained results, it can be concluded that in breast and thigh with drumstick of experimental treatments protein content was statistically significantly (p<0.05) higher compared to control treatment. Additionally, in thigh with drumstick fat content was significantly lower in treatments T2 and T3 relative to those reared on control (without supplementation) diet, while in breast this difference was only numerically different. Ca content, hydroxyproline and collagen contents, as well as relative content of connective tissue proteins were also improved in treatments with addition of essential oils mixture. Based on the technological property parameters of meat such as pH, colour, water holding capacity and cook loss it is proved that essential oils mixture improved breast and thigh with drumstick quality. Moreover, regarding the sensory quality attributes a higher overall score for the breast and thigh with drumstick supplemented with essential oils mixture than for those of the control group was recorded. The findings obtained in this study highlight the potential of phytogenic feed additives as a tool to improve poultry meat quality and meet consumer expectations.

    Review paper
    AĆIMOVIĆ, M., ČABARKAPA, I., CVETKOVIĆ, M., STANKOVIĆ, J., KIPROVSKI, B., GVOZDENAC, S. and PUVAČA, N. (2019) Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Staph: Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, use in medicinal and cosmetic purpose.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(6): 344-360.
    Abstract

    The genus Cymbopogon (Greek words 'kymbe' meaning boat and 'pogon' meaning beard), commonly known as lemongrass, belongs to the Poaceae family. It comprises a large number species, but only two have economic importance as cultivated plants: C. citratus and C. flexuosus. However, C. citratus is more resistant to drought and low temperatures and because of that can be cultivated over large areas therefore it is commercially more important. C. citratus leaves are widely used as a lemon flavor ingredient in herbal teas, prepared either by decoction or infusion, or in finished herbal products such as capsules, tablets and creams. Even though essential oils are known for being used for fragrance and as an important ingredient in Asian cuisine, they are also used in other industries (pharmaceutical and cosmetic) due to their bioactive compounds that show various therapeutic effects. The chemical composition of C. citratus essential oil varies widely depending on genetic diversity, habitat and agronomic treatment of the culture, as well as on the part of the plant, maturity stage and extraction method. However, the essential oil of C. citratus mainly consists of the citral, which is a mixture of two isomeric acyclic monoterpene aldehides: geranial (trans-citral) and neral (cis-citral). C. citratus possesses good antibacterial activity, it could be used as alternative treatment for enteric fever, to cure infectious diseases related to the respiratory system, as well as for oral hygiene, it helps by removing bacteria from the oral cavity and prevents teeth and gum diseases such as peridontitis, plaque and gingivitis. Furthermore, C. citratus showed high contents of total phenolic and total flavonoids, as well as high free radical scavenging capacity with potential as an antioxidant. C. citratus shows good antiinflamatory, anti-diabetic, hypolipidemic, renoprotective and cardioprotective, as well as anticancer activities. Apart from this, C. citratus possesses vasorelaxant, sedative and antitusive potential. Furthermore, the compound citral is used in perfume industry as well as for cleaning wounds and treatment of skin diseases in forms of gels, or functional paper microencapsulated with essential oil, which can be used for hand hygiene.

    2019, Volume 2, Issue 5 (October)
    Cover of 2019, Volume 2, Issue 5 (October)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Original research paper
    PUVAČA, N., LJUBOJEVIĆ PELIĆ, D., POPOVIĆ, S., IKONIĆ, P., ĐURAGIĆ, O., PEULIĆ, T. and LEVIĆ, J. (2019) Evaluation of broiler chickens lipid profile influenced by dietary chili pepper addition.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(5): 318-324.
    Abstract

    Experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of chili pepper in broiler nutrition on productive performances and blood lipid profile. For biological research three treatments with the total of 450 broilers were formed, within four replicates. Control treatment (C) of chickens were fed with mixture based on corn flour and soybean meal of standard composition and quality, while the experimental treatments were fed with the same mixture only with addition of two levels of chili pepper 0.5 (CP-0.5) and 1.0 g/100g (CP-1.0). Addition of chili pepper in the amount of 0.5 g/100g has led to the highest final body weight of chickens (2460.6 g), followed by the addition of 1.0 g/100g (2442.4 g) with significant differences (p<0.05) compared to a control treatment (2075.8 g). The lowest amounts of triglycerides, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and non-high density lipoprotein (non HDL) was recorded in broilers in treatments with chili with statistically significant (p<0.05) differences compared to a control treatment. The highest share of high density lipoprotein (HDL) with statistical significance (p<0.05) was determined also in chili pepper treatments. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that the addition of chili pepper in broiler chicken nutrition has positive effects on production performances and in improvement of chicken blood lipid profile.

    Review paper
    KOSTADINOVIĆ, LJ., POPOVIĆ, S., LJUBOJEVIĆ PELIĆ, D., ČABARKAPA, I., ĐURAGIĆ, O. and LEVIĆ, J. (2019) Medicinal plants as natural alternative to coccidial synthetic drugs in broiler chicken production.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(5): 325-334.
    Abstract

    Coccidiosis is well known as an expensive, parasitic disease for the poultry industry worldwide. The disease causes real economic losses by causing poor growth and feed efficiency in broilers even leading to high mortality. Consequently, large amounts of money are being spent on vaccination and the inclusion of anticoccidial drugs into diets. In recent years, the development of resistance to coccidiostats, elevated costs of systematic vaccination and increasing consumer demand for natural food products has fuelled the development of natural, plant-based alternatives for coccidial control in poultry farming. The anticoccidial properties of numerous natural products such as Ageratum conyzoides extract, Polygonum bistorta, Agele marmelos, Artemisia sieberi, Artemisia absinthium, Azadirachta indica, Artemisia annua and Aloa vera based supplements have been reported. This article summarises the experimental knowledge relating to the efficacy, possible modes of action and different aspects of application of medicinal plant supplements as feed additives for the treatment of poultry diseases, especially coccidiosis.

    2019, Volume 2, Special Issue 1 (September)
    Cover of 2019, Volume 2, Special Issue 1 (September)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review paper
    VLADISAVLJEVIĆ, R., SOLEŠA, D. and ŠIMOVIĆ, V. (2019) Transition of documentation management paradigms in software projects influenced by agile methodologies.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(SI1): 1-7.
    Abstract

    The scope of this paper is to present two different ways of managing documentation in the domain of software projects. Documentation is the foundation upon which projects are built, however, the creation of large-scale documentation is often an ineffective act that can jeopardize project progress. On the other hand, modern software development methodologies advocate a different approach that balances the scope and content of documentation. Throughout this paper, we will provide a comparative analysis that can help us better see the differences between the two approaches.

    Review paper
    VLADISAVLJEVIĆ, R. and SOLEŠA, D. (2019) The scope optimization of software projects using modern software tools.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(SI1): 8-14.
    Abstract

    The paper aims to highlight software project management tools and techniques that aim to optimize project scope.  Project management is one of the most sensitive management techniques that aim to deliver the highest quality result possible. Throughout the work, we will show the impact of modern software tools that, in addition to optimizing the scope of the project, increase the quality of not only the results of work but also the management of project tasks.

    Review paper
    ŠIMOVIĆ, V. and VARGA, M. (2019) Applying SQL database query to access SQL server 2019 – visual studio 2019.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(SI1): 15-34.
    Abstract

    The paper presents: relational data model, which is the basis for the development of relational database management system (RDBMS) and the development of query languages for working with databases, relational schema, complex SQL queries and subqueries and the results obtained based on queries in relations. MS SQL Server 2019 accesses data in the database and can extend MS SQL Server 2019 application modules (eg. MS Visual Studio) that are created as a graphical interface for end users, with the addition of new capabilities that will enhance the execution of processes for participants within the company and other application modules of the organization. Each organization's database contains information of great importance, so queries and backups will be made using relational algebra operators and warned of potential threats and dangers of database corruption.

    Review paper
    ŠIMOVIĆ, V., VARGA, M., SOLEŠA, D. and VLADISAVLJEVIĆ, R. (2019) Architectural element of rose flower decoration shown with PYTHON.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(SI1): 35-42.
    Abstract

    The paper presents: a program for drawing an architectural element of decoration in the form of a rose flower on the example of a rosette (floral design), for example, the Cathedral of St. Stoic in Zadar, the Python programming language that created a rose flower decoration element, an explanation of the main function of the program, a function that draws a circular clip of a circle, and a function that colors circular clips. The program in the paper is presented in code view and design view and allows users to: enter x, y coordinates using the application form, enter the radius length over the form, and enter the number of sheets in the form. Eventually, the program will print a form in which the user will be able to choose to repeat the drawing of the rosette (by selecting the option yes) or not. Each command used in the program was also explained in detail, and loops and corresponding branches were applied.

    2019, Volume 2, Issue 4 (August)
    Cover of 2019, Volume 2, Issue 4 (August)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review paper
    VLADISAVLJEVIĆ, R., SOLEŠA, D. and PUVAČA, N. (2019) Internet of things (IoT) in a function of smart agriculture development.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(4): 287-294.
    Abstract

    In the internet sector, the internet of things is the hot point. These ideas assist to link physical items fitted with the sensing, actuating, and computer energy, thereby enabling them to cooperate with the internet, known as the "Internet of Things" or IoT. The concept of the intelligent object is realized using sensors, actuators and integrated microcontrollers. These smart objects collect data, process them and initiate appropriate actions from the development environment. The internet of things will thus bring inconceivable advantages and help people lead smart and affluent lives. The internet of things turned out to be an important topic of scientific studies because of the prospective applications. In sizzling debate and studies, the use of these technologies is significant, however, they were less relevant in agriculture and forestry. This paper also concisely introduces IoT technology, agriculture IoT, the list of prospective applications where IoT is relevant for smart agriculture, IoT's advantages for the agriculture sector.

    Review paper
    BOŠKOVIĆ, J. and ŽUŽA, M. (2019) Impact of genetically modified plants on the environment.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(4): 294-311.
    Abstract

    Application technologies are considered genetic engineering in agriculture with the introduction of genetically modified (GM) plants are constantly creating new opportunities to increase crop production and to solve problems in agriculture, such as diseases, pests, weeds, abiotic stresses, and nutritional limitations. These are formed, and the plants having new properties that enable their use in pharmaceutical manufacturing. As the GM plant introductions to various locations characterized by a variety of ecosystems, types of agriculture, biodiversity and agriculturally practice, it is necessary to the scientific understanding of the effects of growing GM plants on the environment, which will provide security and environmental sustainability. The most important research she focused on the invasiveness of the GM plant, vertical and horizontal gene transfer, the impact on biological diversity and on other products. These tests are very complex multi, inter and transdisciplinary. This article discusses some of the most important problems related to the application of the technology of genetic engineering in agriculture and the introduction of GM plants into the environment, such as plant protection, ecological effects of horizontal gene transfer, biodiversity, stress, the effects of land, etc. There is a clear need to further investigate the size and scope of the risk spreading of transgenic plants. In assessing the interrelation of GM plants and existing varieties, more detailed knowledge of the development of GM plants will provide a clearer, more reliable and precise directed activity in plant sciences.

    Original research paper
    KOSTADINOVIĆ, LJ., POPOVIĆ, S., ČABARKAPA, I. and LEVIĆ, J. (2019) Essential oil quality influenced by feed pelleting processing.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(4): 312-317.
    Abstract

    From antiquity, essential oils of medical plants and their derivatives have being used for flavoring foods and beverages and for medication. These additives have been usefully used in animal nutrition for the improvement of health and animal wellbeing since they have high antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. In the present study, the effect of the pelleting process on essential oil composition and stability was investigated, since they are very unstable during thermal processing which is widely used these days in feedstuff production. The composition of essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation from the plant Origanum vulgare, which was added into feed for broilers in the concentration of 2 g/kg, was analyzed by GC/FID before and after the pelleting process. After the pelleting of feed, the essential oil was also isolated from the animal diet by hydrodistillation. Analysis of essential oils obtained before and after the pelleting process showed some quantitative differences. Oregano essential oil was characterized by the presence of thymol (19.9%) and carvacrol (61.8%) at the beginning of the experiment. After the pelleting process, the concentration of thymol and carvacrol amounted to 15.3% and 50.4%, respectively. It was concluded that the pelleting process had a significant effect on thymol and carvacrol stability in animal feed, i.e. on reducing their initial contents in animal feed.

    2019, Volume 2, Issue 3 (June)
    Cover of 2019, Volume 2, Issue 3 (June)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Original research paper
    PRODANOVIĆ, R., IGNJATIJEVIĆ, S. and BOŠKOVIĆ, J. (2019) Innovative potential of beekeeping production in AP Vojvodina.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(3): 268-277.
    Abstract

    The research was carried out in the area of ​​the AP Vojvodina with the aim of obtaining data on the degree of application of innovations in the beekeeping industry, as well as the potential and readiness of beekeepers to introduce new technologies such as smart hives, permanent satellites, and organic production systems. Total of 112 beekeepers was selected, randomly selected, where the sample was to be as representative as possible, that is, the spatial coverage was considered. The average age of beekeepers was 46 years with an average experience of 11.5 years. Three types of hives were identified (a hive with frames, a modern hive, and a smart hive). More than 60% of the respondents harvest honey annually, while about 30% of the respondents picked up between two to three times a year. Moreover, on average 21 and 24 kg of honey is collected from modern and smart hives, respectively. Classic hives provide a yield of honey on average 21.5 kg. There were differences in the yield of honey depending on the type of hive and the length of the beekeeping period, where more experienced beekeepers achieved somewhat better results. More than 90% of respondents prefer classic hives. Factors that affect the lack of use of modern hives are the lack of equipment (36.5%), followed by the quality and availability of wax (34%). In order to adopt and maintain modern technology of hives, the focus should be on education, equipment for honey production, as well as on the quality of wax and its availability.

    Review paper
    BOŠKOVIĆ, J. and TRKULJA, N. (2019) Influence of insecticides in production of honey bees.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(3): 278-286.
    Abstract

    In recent decades insecticides have entered into wide use in agricultural production. In addition to the positive effects such as increased yields, there was a far-reaching negative implications for biodiversity, agro-biodiversity, the environment and human health. Toxic chemical compounds, which are components of insecticides contaminating pollen and nectar, and thus have a negative impact on the bee population and their survival. Through bees insecticides are becoming an integral part of the bee products consumed by man. Insecticides weaken resistance of bees, encourage the emergence of diseases for example Nosema ceranae, and can lead to the collapse of the colony. Further contamination of ecosystems insecticides can jeopardize the whole economic and ecological system.

    2019, Volume 2, Issue 2 (April)
    Cover of 2019, Volume 2, Issue 2 (April)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Original research paper
    AĆIMOVIĆ, M., CVETKOVIĆ, M., STANKOVIĆ, J., IGIĆ, R., TODOSIJEVIĆ, M., VUKOVIĆ, D. and BRAŠANAC, D. (2019) Essential oil composition of the Thymus serpyllum L. from Kopaonik Mountain.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(2): 241-247.
    Abstract

    Thymus serpyllum L. also known as wild or creeping thyme, as well as mother of thyme is a perennial plant from Lamiaceae family indigenous to Europe, especially the Mediterranean region. According to European Pharmacopoeia, dried flowering aerial parts of T. serpyllum (Serpylli herba), whole or cut, are registered as an official drug. However, it is used in traditional medicine mainly for treating illnesses and problems related to the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. A total of 88 compounds were isolated from T. serpyllum essential oil, among which the dominant were trans-caryophyllene with 33.3%, followed by germacrene D (11.5%), α-humulene (9.8%), trans-β-farnesene (6.3%), α-pinene (5.3%), myrcene (3.8%), δ-cadinene (2.9%), NI (2.9%) and α-farnesene (2.3%). By comparing obtained results and the results from literature, it can be said that T. serpyllum from Kopaonik belongs to trans-caryophyllene chemotype.

    Original research paper
    YEHIA, W.M.B. and EL-HASHASH, E.F. (2019) Combining ability effects and heterosis estimates through line × tester analysis for yield, yield components and fiber traits in Egyptian cotton.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(2): 248-262.
    Abstract

    The Objectives of this study were to determine the general (GCA) and specific (SCA) combining abilities and heterosis of some cotton genotypes for yield, its components and fiber traits using line × tester mating design. Thirteen parents (ten lines and three testers) along with their thirty F1 crosses were studied in randomized complete block Design (RCBD) with three replications during 2016 at Sakha Agriculture Research Station, Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate, Egypt. Based on line x tester analysis, the variances due to genotypes, parents, crosses and parent vs cross exhibited significant differences (p<0.01) for most yield, yield component and fiber traits. The variances due to GCA of lines and testers, and SCA of line x tester interactions were highly significant for most studied traits, indicating the importance of both additive and non-additive gene actions in controlling these traits. The proportional contribution of line × tester was higher than individual contribution of lines and testers for most studied traits. The estimates of GCA and SCA effects revealed that the parents and some crosses were having desirable and significantly GCA and SCA effects, respectively. High mean performances and desirable GCA effects values were observed of lines Pima S6, Suvin, G.90, Aust. 12 and tester C.B.58 for most investigated traits, hence these parents can be used for generating superior cotton hybrids Significant correlation coefficients (p<0.05 or p<0.01) in positive direction were obtained between all possible pairs of F1 hybrids mean, SCA and heterosis. The best values of mean performances, SCA effects and heterosis were found in the combinations Suvin × G.86 and Aus.12 × C.B.58 for most yield and yield components, and the G.90 × C.B.58 and G.95 × G.86 for fiber traits. These crosses are considered the promising crossed to be used in breeding programs for produce hybrid cotton and improvement for these traits in Egypt.

    Original research paper
    PEULIĆ, T., IKONIĆ, P., DELIĆ J., GUBIĆ J. and MASTILOVIĆ, J. (2019) Monitoring of sodium chloride (salt) content in chicken and pork hot dogs from Serbian market.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(2): 263-267.
    Abstract

    Sodium chloride as the most used ingredient in meat products is one of the main contributors to sodium intake between consumers. Studies showed that excessive sodium intake is connected with many cardiovascular diseases. In this study 11 samples of chicken hot dogs and 10 samples of pork hot dogs purchased on Serbian retail network were examined for sodium, i.e. sodium chloride content. The sodium content in examined samples ranged between 6278 to 9131 mg/kg. These results were similar to sodium/sodium chloride content in meat products on European market. However, it is shown that possibility for its reduction and adaptation of regulatory authorities’ recommendations is realistic.

    2019, Volume 2, Issue 1 (February)
    Cover of 2019, Volume 2, Issue 1 (February)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review paper
    TOMIČIĆ, Z., ČABARKAPA, I., ČOLOVIĆ, R., ĐURAGIĆ, O. and TOMIČIĆ, R. (2019) Salmonella in the feed industry: Problems and potential solutions.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(1): 130-137.
    Abstract

    Salmonella is one of the most important foodborne zoonotic pathogens, with significant health and economic impact in both humans and animals. The control of Salmonella in animal feedstuffs is important, principally to protect the human food chain from contamination by Salmonella derived from infected animals. Salmonella can reach into the animal feed by multiple ways and during all production stages. Main sources of contamination are fertilizers on the pasture/fields, ingredients, co-products, dust, wild animals and contaminated equipment. Thus, there is importance for implementation of strategies for preventing feed contamination with Salmonella, by minimizing dust, maximizing hygiene of space and processing equipment in feed mills and implementing control measures in each stage of feed production. Elimination of Salmonella refers to thermal treatment (pelleting, extrusion) or chemical treatment. Feed additives, such as organic acids, short- and medium-chain fatty acids, prebiotics, probiotics and, more recently, essential oils of plant origin, have the potential to reduce Salmonella levels when added to the feed. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to discuss the prevalence and prevention methods for the control of Salmonella in the feed industry.

    Review paper
    LAK, M., MINAEI, S. and RAFIEI, A. (2019) Temporal and spatial field management using crop growth modeling: A review.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(1): 138-152.
    Abstract

    Precision agriculture (PA), defined as spatial/temporal management of agricultural practices, requires adequate knowledge about crop growth and development phenology, requirements, and the parameters affecting them. Despite the importance of temporal management of agricultural practices, it has not been dealt with in most of the reviewed literature. In this paper, temporal management of agricultural practices in precision agriculture is discussed and crop growth simulation models are suggested as robust tools to schedule the agricultural practices. Crop Growth Models (CGMs), by scheduling the crop production activities can help producers to temporally manage the inputs, while the efficiency of production would be enhanced. Some of the well-known crop growth models are introduced as tools for simulating the required production inputs during the growth period. Finally, time-specific management (TSM) of agricultural practices base on these models is suggested as the next generation of PA.

    Review paper
    AĆIMOVIĆ, M., SIKORA, V., BRDAR-JOKANOVIĆ, M., KIPROVSKI, B., POPOVIĆ, V., KOREN, A. and PUVAČA, N. (2019) Dracocephalum moldovica: cultivation, chemical composition and biological activity.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(1): 153-167.
    Abstract

    Moldavian balm or Moldavian dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.) is native to temperate climate of Asia, but it was naturalized in Eastern and central Europe, North Africa, China and north-eastern United States. This plant with its citrus like flavor is extensively used as a spice and for composition of teas, because of neral and geranial as major constituents of essential oil. D. moldavica is used in food aromatization, perfumery, alcoholic drinks industry, soaps and detergents. Apart from being used as medicinal and spice plant, it is grown as a honey-bearing plant and cultivated in gardens and parks as an ornamental plant. Seed is a good source of fatty oil with spicy taste and aromatic odor, rich in unsaturated fatty acids, principally the linolenic and linoleic acids. This categorizes D. moldavica seed into the group of raw materials suitable for nutraceuticals, food supplements, and functional food applications. Furthermore, numerous investigations show that this plant possesses good antioxidative, antimicrobial and insecticidal activity. It is also used as antinociceptive, sedative, neuroprotective, as well as cardiotonic agents, and for treating chronic mountain sickness.

    Review paper
    PUVAČA, N., PETROVIĆ, A., HORVATEK TOMIĆ, D., KARP TATHAM, E., ČABARKAPA, I., LEVIĆ, J. and SPARAGANO, O. (2019) Influence of essential oils as natural poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) repellents.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(1): 168-177.
    Abstract

    In the world where technology is upcoming very fast with the production of different chemicals such as acaricides, pesticides and etc., the real question is: Could essential oils, spices and herbs serve as natural solutions in constant struggle against chemically resistant drugs? The poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) is a growing epidemiological problem for the poultry industry that causes losses in the performance of laying hens and consequently major economic losses. It has been suggested that adding essential oils to laying hen diets may be an efficient and natural alternative to chemical repellents and acaricides for D. gallinae. Although some essential oils are effective repellents, their effectiveness usually lasts a short time, which is likely related to their volatile nature. The exact mechanism of the acaricidal effect of essential oils is not yet clear, but it is thought that some essential oils could inhibit D. gallinae cytochrome P450 and thus reduce detoxification of xenobiotics. However, most D. gallinae repellent activity appears to come from neurotoxic effects, blocking γ-aminobutyric acid neurons and reducing the ability of cells in the nervous system to form cyclic adenosine 3′,5′-monophosphate. To date, most studies have been conducted in vitro and there is a lack of information on the effect of essential oils on laying hen performance under the challenge of D. gallinae. The paper aims to review current knowledge of D. gallinae biology and the possibilities and significance of inclusion of selected essential oils into laying hens diet as a natural repellent of hematophagous predator.

    Review paper
    PRODANOVIĆ, R., BOŠKOVIĆ, J. and TRKULJA, D. (2019) Air pollutants and air quality of urban regions.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(1): 178-191.
    Abstract

    The aim of the paper is to present the air quality, sources of pollution, as well as the process of its pollution in urban regions such as cities. Focus is aimed on the air quality of the city of Novi Sad located in Vojvodina with most important air pollutants such as SO2 and NO2, which represent sources of air pollution. Aim is also focusing on possible proposals of measures for improvement of air quality. In order to improve air quality, environmental protection and natural resources, as well as to prevent human health damage, measures must be taken to reduce air pollution. Most important measures are related to further research into air pollution and the creation of appropriate policies and strategies. Possible methods of reducing the negative impact of air have been identified and particularly prominent. Environmental policy includes air quality standards, cost benefit analysis, urban planning, and assessment of the impact of local projects on the environment. New measures are also being identified, which distance themselves from conventional solutions and a control approach in reducing air pollution. The problem of air pollution and implications alarms that it acts synergistically towards the realization of research and projects with a focus on a proposal of a set of new measures in the function of improving the quality of air and reducing pollution.

    Original research paper
    VUKOVIĆ, G., ĐUKIĆ, M., BURSIĆ, V., STOJANOVIĆ, T., PETROVIĆ, A., KUZMANOVIĆ, S. and STAROVIĆ, M. (2019) Development and validation of LC-MS/MS method for the citrinin determination in red rice.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(1): 192-199.
    Abstract

    The liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the citrinin (CIN) determination in red rice was developed. The mycotoxin was extracted from red rice using anetonitrile/water/acetic acid mixture followed by the clean-up step on Captiva EMR cartridges. The developed method was validated according to the Commission Regulation No. 401/2006/EC. The validation data were evaluated in terms of recoveries, reproducibility, limits of quantification (LOQ), limit of detection (LOD), specificity, linearity and matrix effects for CIN in matrix using 13C20-OTA as an internal standard. The obtained method performance parameters indicate that the method is suitable for the CIN routine analysis.

    Original research paper
    PETROVIĆ, A., BURSIĆ, V., MARINKOVIĆ, D., VUKOVIĆ, G., ĐUKIĆ, M., STOJANOVIĆ, T. and GVOZDENAC, S. (2019) The crustacean zooplankton communities (Crustacea: Copepoda, Cladocera) of Special Nature Reserve „Obedska bara“.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(1): 200-206.
    Abstract

    In order to preserve fragile and sensitive aquatic ecosystems, such as Special Nature Reserve (SNR) “Obedska bara”, a monitoring protocol should be implemented, including the utilization of various bioindicators, biomonitors and biomarkers. Copepods and cladocerans, as a part of the freshwater zooplankton communities, prefer habitats with stabile and constant physical, chemical and biological parameters, and therefore could be used as the precise bioindicators. The aim of this study was to obtain copepod and cladoceran species diversity and abundance as valuable data, which could be further used as a sensitive and accurate model for the assessment of SNR „Obedska bara“ status. During the research period, five copepods and three cladocerans species were collected from two prospected localities: Cyclops vicinus, Acanthocyclops robustus, A. vernalis, Eucyclops serrulatus, Eudiaptomus gracilis, Daphnia magna, D. pulex and Bosmina longirostris. The most abundant species were C. vicinus and D. magna. The species diversity and population densities of freshwater crustaceans are correlated with the numerous abiotic and biotic factors. Although SNR “Obedska bara” belongs to the list of protected areas, it is still exposed to the strong anthropogenic influence.

    Original research paper
    PESTORIĆ, B., DRAKULOVIĆ, D. and GVOZDENOVIĆ, S. (2019) Composition of microbiology, phytoplankton and bio-toxins in water and mussel on fish and shellfish farms in Boka Kotorska bay (Se Adriatic Sea).
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(1): 207-217.
    Abstract

    This paper presents the results of sea water and mussels meat quality investigation on three sites in Boka Kotorska Bay. Two sites are situated in inner part on shelfish farms (IBMK and COGI) and one close to open sea, Žanjice, is chosen as referent one. The sanitary quality on shellfish farms was satisfactory according the “Regulation on the classification and categorization of surface and ground water 02/07” on referent location and COGI shellfish farm. Low abundances of fecal indicator bacteria in water were recorded, indicating that no direct human contamination had occurred. Results on IBMK shellfish farm were periodically unsatisfactory according the Regulation 02/07. Obtained results present that the IBMK showed the highist value of E.coli (800 cfu/100ml) and Enterococi (350 cfu/100ml) in September 2015. Recorded phytoplankton data showed that microplankton and nanoplankton abundances reached values up to 105 cell/l. Diatoms was dominant group of phytoplankton and also reached values of 105 cells/L. Abundances of diatoms were similar at two farm sites with some maximal abundances on COGI in September 2016. The same is for abundance of dinoflagellates, similar values were noticed with maximal abundances on COGI site in April 2016. Sometimes this group prevailed on diatoms during spring/summer. Quantitative and qualitative analysis of bio-toxins in mussels tissue showed that all obtained results were below detection limits (LOD) what indicate good quality of farmed mussels, safety for use in human nutrition.

    Original research paper
    PUVAČA, N., LJUBOJEVIĆ PELIĆ, D., ČABARKAPA, I., POPOVIĆ, S., TOMIČIĆ, Z., NIKOLOVA, N. and LEVIĆ, J. (2019) Quality of broiler chickens carcass fed dietary addition of garlic, black pepper and hot red pepper.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(1): 218-227.
    Abstract

    Aim of this study was to investigate the effect of natural growth promoters such as garlic, black pepper and hot red pepper in broiler chicken nutrition on production performances and chicken carcass quality. At the beginning of the experiment, a total of 1200 one-day old Hubbard broilers were totally randomly distributed into eight dietary treatments with four replicates each. For nutrition of chicks three mixtures were used, starter, grower and finisher. Dietary mixtures in the experiments was as follows: T1 (Control diet), T2 (Garlic powder 0.5 g/100g), T3 (Garlic powder 1.0 g/100g), T4 (Black pepper powder 0.5 g/100g), T5 (Black pepper powder 1.0 g/100g), T6 (Hot red pepper 0.5 g/100g), T7 (Hot red pepper 1.0 g/100g) and T8 (Mixture of spices in ratio of 1:1:1 in total amount of 0.5 g/100g). Addition of spices significantly (p<0.05) influenced on production parameters and carcass quality of broiler chickens. The highest achieved body weight of chicken was in treatment T6 (2460.6 g) which was followed by treatment T7 (2442.4 g) with statistically significant differences (p<0.05) compared to other treatments. In carcass which was ready for roasting, highest yield was recorded in dietary treatment T7 (1829.8 g) which was statistically significant (p<0.05) higher compared to treatments T1 (1626.5 g), T3 (1710.7 g), T4 (1532.2 g) and T5 (1587.5 g), respectively. The primal cuts of the most economically important value such as drumsticks with thighs had the highest weights in treatments T7 (530.7 g), T6 (525.2 g), T2 (520.2 g) and T8 (497.1 g), with statistically significant differences (p<0.05) compared to treatments T4, T5 and T1 (438.5 g, 448.7 g and 461.1 g). It can be concluded that the addition of garlic, black pepper and hot red pepper in broiler chicken nutrition has positive effect on production performances and in improvement of chicken carcass quality which will be more acceptable by the consumers.

    Original research paper
    OBUĆINSKI, D., PRODANOVIĆ, R., LJUBOJEVIĆ PELIĆ, D. and PUVAČA, N. (2019) Improving competitiveness and sustainable approach to management in animal husbandry.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(1): 228-234.
    Abstract

    The paper presents the importance of management and its contribution to achieving economic and humane results in animal husbandry. The presentation is a part of the overall importance that opens possibility for further analysis of the achievements, empirics and the extension of scientific discipline. Reality and other limits are limiting factors, but also an incentive to invest even more in overcoming the above, relying on information systems and techniques. A fair number of traditional attitudes have been overcome and scientific knowledge has been extended to emphasize individualism with the reduced need for staff expansion.

    Original research paper
    OBUĆINSKI, D. and BOŠKOVIĆ, J. (2019) Effects of sustainable agriculture through an integrated system of plant and animal husbandry production.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 2(1): 235-240.
    Abstract

    Due to the trend of ecological vulnerability of the entire life system on one hand, and sociological on the other, the need for implementation of sustainable agriculture production appears. The paper presents the state, needs and significance of sustainable agricultural production as well as the general importance in achieving the ecological, economic and social goals of every society. Sustainable agriculture relies on agricultural production with the effects of improving the quality of the environment, improving the quality of life of farmers and livestock farmers in the first place as well as of all inhabitants on a global scale. Increasing the stated qualities, a profit is made that is reflected in the health and economic aspect.

    2018, Volume 1, Issue 1 (December)
    Cover of 2018, Volume 1, Issue 1 (December)
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management
    Review paper
    KOSTADINOVIĆ, J. and LEVIĆ, J. (2018) Effects of phytoadditives in poultry and pigs diseases.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 1-7.
    Abstract

    The medicinal plants and herbs have been used for many years in the treatment and prevention of various diseases in animals and human beings. Nowadays, utilization of these medicinal plants is increasing. This article summarizes the experimental knowledge on efficacy, possible modes of action, and aspects of application of phytogenic products as feed additives for treatment pig and poultry diseases. Phytobiotics is a term used to describe plant-derived natural bioactive compounds, which affect animal growth and health, and is often applied to essential oils, botanicals, and extracts derived from herbal plants. Some phytobiotics are known to have antimicrobial or antiviral activities. Selected herbs, however, are known to possess natural antibacterial activity and other characteristics that could be useful in value-added animal protein production. This area of investigation has not received substantive examination because of the relatively low costs, proven effectiveness, and ready availability of synthetic growth-promoting antibacterial products. Herbs and spices have always been helpful to cure diseases. In modern animal nutrition, they are forgotten because of use of synthetic antimicrobial growth promoters (AGP). But due to the prohibition of most of AGP, plant extracts have gained interest in animal feed strategies. The risk of the presence of antibiotic residues in milk, meat, egg and their harmful effects on human health have led to their prohibition for use in animal feed in the European Union. Many plants also produce secondary metabolites such as phenolic compounds, essential oils and saponins. They act as antibacterial, antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, antifungal, analgesic, insecticidal, anticoccidial and growth promoters. Azadiracht indica, Zizyphus vulgaris, Ocimum gratissimum and Atlanta monophylla have the strong antibacterial activity, whereas ocimum plant has strong antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, antifungal, analgesic and antipyretic properties. Leaves of Azadirachta indica are used for feeding and reducing the parasitic load of animals. The fruit of Azadirachta indica and Artemisia annua also has the anticoccidial activity for poultry. These plant extracts compete with the synthetic drugs. Majority of medicinal plants do not have the residual effect, because have an approved application in human medicine and which can be added to animal feed for use in preventive and therapeutic treatment of different animal health disorders.

    Review paper
    PUVAČA, N. (2018) Honeybee and medicinal plants products in poultry postantibiotic era production.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 8-17.
    Abstract

    The quality and safety attributes of poultry products have attracted increasing attention and interest from the scientific communities and the public worldwide. Recently, as natural and safe alternatives to synthetic and artificial chemical drugs such as antibiotics, botanical products are used in poultry farms more than 60% for producing organic products. Medicinal plants, and honeybee products, are natural substances, and they were added to poultry diets in a small amount between 1 and 3% as a source of nutrition and to provide health benefits for poultry. In addition, they have several biological functions in the poultry body and may help to enhance their welfare. In the current review, critical effects and functions of the use of bee products and botanicals, as natural and safe alternative feed additives in poultry production, such as antioxidants, sexual-stimulants, immuno-stimulants, and for producing healthy products were elaborated.

    Review paper
    AĆIMOVIĆ, M., KIPROVSKI, B., RAT, M., SIKORA, V., POPOVIĆ, V., KOREN, A. and BRDAR JOKANOVIĆ, M. (2018) Salvia sclarea: Chemical composition and biological activity.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 18-28.
    Abstract

    Clary sage (Salvia sclarea L.) is native to Southern Europe and is cultivated worldwide, as ornamental, as well as essential oil bearing plant. Clary sage is well known for its high value essential oil, widely used in perfumery. Besides, the oil possesses high biological activity and because of that is used against stress, tension, depression, insomnia, etc. However, traditionally clary sage oil was used an agent against gingivitis, stomatitis and aphthae. Apart of that, recent studies reported analgesic, anti-inflamatory, antimicrobial, antidiabetic and cytotoxic effects. Studies on clary sage seed fatty oil show that it is a good source of edible oil rich in omega 3-linoleic acid. Clary sage is also used in alcoholic beverages, as well as in tobacco industry. Novel investigations indicated that clary sage have great potential in agriculture because of phytoremediation, allelopathic and insecticidal properties.

    Review paper
    PUVAČA, N., ČABARKAPA, I., BURSIĆ, V., PETROVIĆ, A. and AĆIMOVIĆ, M. (2018) Antimicrobial, antioxidant and acaricidal properties of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia).
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 29-38.
    Abstract

    Aim of this paper is to show antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant and acaricidal properties of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia). Tea tree exhibits wide spectrum of antimicrobial activity. Its mode of action against the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli, the Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, and the yeast Candida albicans has been investigated using a range of different methods. As antimicrobial, tea tree possess high inhibitory antifungal activity because of its components such as terpinen-4-ol, α-terpineol, linalool, α-pinene, β-pinene, and β-myrcene followed by 1,8-cineole. Bioactive compounds such as α-terpinene, α-terpinolene, and γ-terpinene shows high antioxidant activity of tea tree. Also, tea tree with its components are known to possess bacteriostatic and germicidal properties and are used to cure infections of the skin and mucous membranes such as boils, abscesses and onychomycosis caused by Candida. Their apparent insecticidal and acaricidal properties have to date been tested on some human ectoparasites such as head lice and Sarcoptes scabiei, var. hominis, and in recent time tea tree extracts were used in research for controlling ticks (Ixodes ricinus) that are efficient vectors of pathogens.

    Review paper
    BOGOEVA, I. (2018) Production of safety food by phytoremediation methods.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 39-44.
    Abstract

    The production of pure and safety food, whether of plant or animal origin, requires a clean environment, for growing of plants, which serve as food for humans and livestock. The high development of the industry, as well as the use of many chemicals in the modern life and farming, are the main causes for the presence of toxic residues in nature and therefore – in the food. Among the main causes of soil and farmland pollution are heavy metals, pesticide residues and petroleum products. Modern environmental science is looking for ways to clean the soils from pollutants, which at the same time, to be ecologically and environmentally friendly. Traditional methods for cleaning the soil from different pollutants, such as excavation, etc., are very economically disadvantageous, but they also cause environmental damages. Because of the large economic costs, associated with the removal of soil contaminants through traditional physicochemical methods, this problem was overlooked for many years. Phytoremediation (mainly phytoextraction – absorption and concentration of environmental substances in the plant biomass) is a widespread and relatively new technology that uses plants to clean environmental pollutants by extracting them. This plant-based achievement is cost-effective and is due to the remarkable ability of plants to concentrate elements and compounds from the environment and to break down their molecules into their tissues. Using phytoremediation is possible to degrade, assimilate or detoxify toxic chemicals.

    Review paper
    TEŠANOVIĆ, M., BONIĆ, Ž. and BOŠKOVIĆ, J. (2018) Origin of cultivated roses and approaches used to study important rose traits.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 45-51.
    Abstract

    Different societies throughout human history have highlighted roses as a symbolic value and great cultural importance. Roses secondary purpose is the production of essential oils for the perfume and cosmetic industries, but they are widely used as garden ornamental plants and as cut flowers. Domestication of roses has a long and complex history, and the rose species have been hybridized across wide geographic areas such as Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. The domestication processes selected very important flower characters such as recurrent flowering, double flowers, petal colours, and fragrance. The molecular and genetic events that determine some of these flower characters cannot be studied using model species such as Arabidopsis thaliana, or at least only in a limited manner. Aim of this review was to approach and highlight development of genetic and genomic tools for roses, and then focus on recent advances that have helped understanding the molecular mechanisms of some rose floral traits.

    Review paper
    TASHLA, T., ŽUŽA, M., KENJVEŠ, T., PRODANOVIĆ, R., SOLEŠA, D., BURSIĆ, V., PETROVIĆ, A., LJUBOJEVIĆ PELIĆ, D., BOŠKOVIĆ, J. and PUVAČA, N. (2018) Fish as an important bio-indicator of environmental pollution with persistent organic pollutants and heavy metals.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 52-56.
    Abstract

    Fish and fish meat are the final chain of aquatic food web and an important food source for human, while the water pollution is the burning issue all over the world. Aquatic ecosystems are frequently contaminated with different toxicants through anthropogenic activities, and some of them such as metals may be naturally present and essential in low concentration but toxic and harmful in higher concentrations. Not all chemical forms of pollutants are equally bioavailable and some pollutants can be accumulated in living organisms to a greater extent than others, there is a need to study the levels of pollutants in the organisms to be able to predict the environmental risk. Aim of this review paper is to present the influence of persistent organic pollutants and heavy metals and fish as one of the very important bio-indicator and biological marker for environmental pollution, as well as damage effects of these toxic materials to fish organs.

    Review paper
    LOMSADZE, Z., MAKHARADZE, K., GAMEZARDASHVILI, D. and PIRTSKHALAVA, R. (2018) Problems of drinking water in Kakheti region.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 57-64.
    Abstract

    The aim of this manuscript was to evaluate the drinking water resources of one of the most significant regions of Georgia-Kakheti and research the possibilities of their rational utilization taking into account the satisfaction of local population’s demand on drinking water. In this connection we researched such components of water resources as, outputs of artesian springs, underground water flow of river Alazani, water resources formed on Kakheti municipal territories and qualitative data of water resources per capita. The artesian wells of river Alazani’s subsoil waters are characterized, which are significant reserve of fresh water. It is underlined, that the outputs of the tributaries of river Alazani (especially the left ones) allow satisfying the population of Kakheti region with drinking water. The present condition of network of drinking water supply is also considered and the ways of their improvement. The recommendations are given for sustainable use of Alazani-Iori water resources according to the municipalities and possibilities of drinking water production satisfying international standards.

    Original research paper
    STOJANOVIĆ, T., BURSIĆ, V., VUKOVIĆ, G., ŠUĆUR, J., POPOVIĆ, A., ZMIJANAC, M., KUZMANOVIĆ, B. and PETROVIĆ, A. (2018) The chromatographic analysis of the star anise essential oil as the potential biopesticide.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 65-70.
    Abstract

    Since the main components of essential oils are considered responsible for their biological activity, the chromatographic analysis of star anise essential oil was done. The identification of the essential oil compounds was carried out by matching their linear retention indices and MS spectra with those of authentic standards from MS library data bases. The main constituent was trans-anethole with 84.79% while 24 other constituents in total made less than 15.00% of the studied essential oil.

    Original research paper
    MLYNEKOVÁ, Z., CHRENKOVÁ, M., FORMELOVÁ, Z. and RAJSKÝ, M. (2018) Nutrient content in different morphological parts of maize and their organic matter degradability.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 71-77.
    Abstract

    The aim of our study was to determinate nutrient's content and organic matter degradability of different morphological parts (whole plants, stalks, leaves) of maize hybrids dent and dent x flint. Hybrids dent x flint - Mesnil, Chambord, Queen, and hybrids dent- Aude, Meridien, KX 1393, Omero were used. Concentration of crude protein (CP) in leaves was twice higher than in stalks (in average 117.0 g.kg-1 DM and 53.0 g.kg-1 DM, resp.). The differences in CP were also among hybrids in all plant parts. In sacco experiment was carried out on three rumen canullated cows. Hybrids dent x flint had in average higher effective organic matter degradability in whole plants (56.1 %), stalks (38.8 %) and leaves (49.2 %) than hybrids dent (53.8 %, 35.2 % and 43.3 %). Also, the rate of degradation of organic matter (OM) was higher for hybrids dent x flint than for dent. Organic matter in the stalks was degraded more slowly than in leaves.

    Original research paper
    GARCIA-IBAÑEZ, P., YEPES, L., MORENO, D.A. and CARVAJAL, M. (2018) Evaluation of elicitation effect in understudied cruciferous vegetables.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 78-83.
    Abstract

    Alteration of the secondary metabolism is one the responses of plants to environmental changes. As part of this secondary metabolism, Brassicaceae is distinguished by the presence of numerous bioactive compounds with health-promoting properties such as glucosinolates, phenolics and anthocyanins. These bioactive compounds are enhanced after elicitors’ application in sprouts and young plants. The most effective pathway involved in such enhancement has been reported to be related to jasmonic acid (JA). JA and its volatile methyl ester methyl jasmonate (MeJa) act through transduction pathway resulting in a significant accumulation of glucosinolates and flavonoids. However, optimization of secondary metabolites production depended on crop, concentration of MeJa, number of applications, and developmental stage of the plant. As the effects of MeJa on phytochemicals on Bimi® (a new commercial broccoli coming from a hybrid between conventional broccoli and Chinese cabbage) and red cabbage, have not been studied in adult plants, in this work, we were focused on the effects on production of secondary metabolites and mineral concentrations in commercial plants. Also, the evaluation of the quality and stability of extracts was carried out. The increases of bioactive compounds obtained were promising for obtaining high quality extracts.

    Original research paper
    NIKOLOVA, N. and KOCEVSKI, D. (2018) Quality of hen's egg shell in conditions of high temperatures.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 84-90.
    Abstract

    In this paper was examined the influence of high temperatures on eggs which originated from a poultry farm situated at the south of Republic of Macedonia. In this region the average summer temperatures are always higher than the average summer temperatures in the rest of the country. The experiment lasted for 9 months and comprised a period of three seasons: summer, autumn and winter. Layers were two different ages: younger – up to 40-week of age, and older – over 40-week of age. All production parameters of the flocks were recorded: production of eggs, mortality, feed-consumption, body weight and the percentage of broken and cracked eggs during the research. 50 eggs monthly out of each age group were examined, or more exactly, 877 eggs of both age groups up to the end of the experiment. An analysis of egg mass, eggshell mass and percentage of calcium carbonate in the eggshell was performed. At the end of the research the results were statistically processed according to method of the Least Squares Means. High temperatures in the region had highly significant influence (p<0.01) over egg size, which was 2.16 g smaller than the average. The heat stress showed high significance (p<0.01) concerning the percentage of calcium carbonate into the egg shell, which in the summer months was the lowest and ran to 90.74%, in the autumn months it ran to 92.01%, and during the winter months it was the highest, 93.86%. The percentage of broken and cracked eggs per month was the highest in the summer period. It ran 1.92% to 3.29% in different ages of layers. The received results in this way proved the negative effect, caused by the heat stress on the quality of eggshell.

    Original research paper
    POPOVIĆ, S., KOSTADINOVIĆ, LJ., ĐURAGIĆ, O., AĆIMOVIĆ, M., ČABARKAPA, I., PUVAČA, N. and LJUBOJEVIĆ PELIĆ, D. (2018) Influence of medicinal plants mixtures (Artemisia absinthium, Thymus vulgaris, Menthae piperitae and Thymus serpyllum) in broilers nutrition on biochemical blood status.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 91-98.
    Abstract

    Aim of the trial was to investigate the influence of Artemisia absinthium, Thymus vulgaris, Menthae piperitae and Thymus serpyllum mixtures in broilers nutrition on productive characteristics and biochemical blood status. Trial involved two treatments with the total of 80 broilers within four replicates. Control treatment (C) of chickens was fed with basic commercial diet mixture, while the experimental treatment (E) was fed with the same basic mixture only with addition of 2.0 g/100g medicinal plants mixture. Addition of Artemisia absinthium, Thymus vulgaris, Menthae piperitae and Thymus serpyllum has led to the higher body weight of chickens at the end of the sixth week of the trail (2087.3±230,22 g), followed by control treatment (2059.8±210.63 g) without statistically significant differences (p>0.05). Feed conversion ratio was uniform for the entire trial period, without significant differences. European broiler index was higher in E (226.4±4.21 %) with the lower mortality rate (2.6±0.7 %). In recorded amounts of triglycerides and total cholesterol significant differences was absent, while the low density lipoprotein (LDL) and non-high density lipoprotein (non HDL) in broilers on E treatment recorder statistically significant (p<0.05) differences compared to a control treatment. The highest amount of high density lipoprotein (HDL) with statistical significance (42.8±1.28 mg/dl) was determined in E treatment. Having in mind aforementioned and on the base on the gained results, it can be concluded that the addition of Artemisia absinthium, Thymus vulgaris, Menthae piperitae and Thymus serpyllum in broilers nutrition has positive influence on production characteristics and biochemical blood status of chickens.

    Original research paper
    CANE, P. (2018) Do food recalls have a greater effect on consumers’ trust when they involve healthy, organic and protected designation of origin foods and, if yes, why?
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 99-109.
    Abstract

    Food safety concern has dramatically increased in the past decade. Concerns have arisen due to the fact that contaminated food products can result in serious risk to the wellbeing and health of consumers, including but not limited to outbreaks of Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli (E. coli), and Salmonella. It is commonly accepted that product recalls have a negative impact on brand confidence, sales and pricing and, in some cases, the public’s perception of the food industry as a whole. Current consumer expectation towards food safety is on the increase and ranges from the assumption that food not only needs to be safe, but that nutrition shall also contribute actively to improve physical health condition and well-being. The aim of this paper is to investigate consumers’ reactions to food recalls which involve different kinds of products, through a comparison of highly processed foods versus foods that claim to be “healthier” in nature (eg. health foods, organic products and protected designation of origin). It will focus on the loss in confidence of brand loyalty and market distrust. The study combines case history analysis with insights drawn from 270 Italians, framing a profile of consumers’ expectation and reaction to food scandals. Research was conducted using an online questionnaire, in June 2018. It is evidenced that consumers are more tolerant when recalls involve heavily processed foods but tend to react more firmly when they involve foods and brands claiming to be “healthy” or organic products and protected designations of origins. Nowadays more than ever, consumer’s trust is as much a function of sharing company values and having brand affinity. Our conclusion is that foods that share specific set of values with consumers, such as ethics, quality and health, result in a higher degree of brand loyalty. This can easily be a double-edged sword which can result in a far stronger disapproval when the brand fails to keep their promise of health and quality.

    Original research paper
    CHRASTINOVÁ, Ľ., LAUKOVÁ, A., CHRENKOVÁ, M., FORMELOVÁ, Z., POLAČIKOVÁ, M., BINO GLATZOVÁ, E., ČOBANOVÁ, K., KANDRIČÁKOVÁ, A., ŠTRKOLCOVÁ, G., RAJSKÝ, M. and MLYNEKOVÁ, Z. (2018) Efficacy of feed additives on meat quality and numbers of faecal bacteria in growing rabbits.
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 110-118.
    Abstract

    The aim this study was to evaluate the effect of 6-week application of zinc protein hydrolysate Bioplex-Zn to feed mixtures for rabbits and combinative application with 0.1% concentration thyme plant extract applied into water during the growing period on the selected parameters of meat quality and the caecal and faecal microbiota. Experiment was realized on 96 post-weaned rabbits (meat line M91 a P91). They were randomly divided into 4 similar experimental groups (EG), with 24 animals in each group. The rabbits in the group 1EG and 3EG were fed the same commercially available diet with no zinc additive. The feed mixture in the 2EG and 4EG was additionally administered with a dose of 33.3 g Bioplex-Zn per 100 kg (this is addition of 50 mg Zn/kg feed mixture). The rabbits in the group 3EG and 4EG received a dose with (0.1% Thymus vulgaris L. plant extract) applied into drinking water. Their beneficial effect was tested in a fattening experiment during 42 days. At the end of the experiment, 6 animals from each group were slaughtered. Meat quality was analysed from MLD (Musculus longissimus dorsi) samples. The amino acids and fatty acids contents were examined, showing statistically significant changes (P≤0.05). The caecal chymus were collected to detect the total bacterial content. The faecal samples were collected on day 1 and 42. To check microbiota, sampling of faecal mixtures per each group was performed at the start and end of the experiment. Samples were treated using the standard microbiological dilution method by plating appropriate dilutions on the selective media according to ISO. Microbiota was expressed in CFU.g-1. The treatment did not have a negative influence on the pH, colour, water-holding capacity, protein and fat contents or energetic value of the rabbit carcass.The beneficial effect of combination plant extract Thymus vulgaris and zinc additive administration was manifested by the anti-coccidian effect in rabbits.

    Original research paper
    LJUBOJEVIĆ PELIĆ, D. (2018) Accession of carcass quality of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.).
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 119-123.
    Abstract

    Common carp is worldwide domesticated freshwater fish species. Cage system of carp production represents a type of intensive production. Dressing percentage of carp is important from economical point of view. It is also an important parameter in all technological operations related to fish processing. The aim of this study was to determined yield of male and female common carp as the ratio of the fish weight and the carcass without the head, scales, fins and internal organs. The obtained results showed slightly higher body height and head length values in the females compared to the males. Weight parameters obtained had no statistically significant difference. Total length, standard length and carcass length of females compared to males had a statistically significant difference. In female carp, significantly higher carcass weight and viscera weight were found. Significant differences were found in head weight and gonad weight as well in gonadosomatic index value in the favour of male carps.

    Original research paper
    KRAGULJ, T., PURIĆ, M., BURSIĆ, V., VUKOVIĆ, G., ĐUKIĆ, M., PUVAČA, N. and PETROVIĆ, A. (2018) Lead contamination of fish and water from coastal sea of Bar region (Montenegro).
    Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management, 1(1): 124-129.
    Abstract

    Fish are accurate and suitable bioindicators and biomonitors for marine water pollution analyses. Depending on the diet type, the harmful and dangerous substances are accumulated in their bodies in the larger quantities than in the water column, which directly affects human health. Lead is a toxic metal whose widespread use has caused extensive environmental contamination and health problems in many parts of the world, especially in developing countries. The aim of this research was to obtain the data on lead contamination in fish and seawater samples from coastal region of Bar harbour. The highest lead concentrations have been found in muscles of T. mediterraneus and M. cephalus. The lead concentrations in water samples have varied depending on season and locality.

  • FOR AUTHORS

    • Scope

      The journal Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) aims to distribute scientific and timely information for the academic community and industry relevant to all fields related to agronomy, technology and engineering management, respectively. It covers fundamental and applied research in the following, as well as related fields. We aim to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical research in as much detail as possible. Full experimental or methodical details must be provided for research articles. There are, besides, the unique features of this journal:

      • manuscripts regarding research proposals and research ideas will be particularly welcomed
      • computed data or files regarding the full details of the experimental procedure, if unable to be published in a normal way, can be deposited as supplementary material
      • we also accept manuscripts communicating to a broader audience concerning research projects financed with public or private funds
      Subject areas in Agronomy
      • Crop breeding and genetics
      • Animal husbandry
      • Animal nutrition
      • Feed and food technology, quality and safety
      • Chemistry, biology, and genetics applied to agronomy
      • Biotechnology for farming and the use of plants, plant breeding
      • Farming and cropping systems
      • Precision agriculture
      • Soil health and plant nutrition for sustainable agriculture
      • Agronomy of urban and peri-urban areas
      • Organic farming
      • Weed science and weed management systems
      • Industrial and bioenergy crops
      • Horticultural and floricultural crops
      • Agroecosystems and the environment
      • Sustainable development of agronomy
      • Sustainability, biodiversity and ecosystem services of bioenergy cropping systems
      • Crop physiology
      • Water management and Irrigation in agronomy
      • Agricultural meteorology and climate change
      • Grassland and pasture improvement and agronomy
      • Food systems
      Subject areas in Technology
      • Science, technology and innovation policies
      • Responsible research and innovation
      • Ethics and emerging technologies
      • Innovation economy
      • Gender and technology studies
      • The innovation of the public sector
      • Innovations marketing
      • Technological strategy
      • Collaboration and competence
      • Intellectual property
      • Entrepreneurship and regional development
      • Sustainable entrepreneurship and sustainable innovation
      • Management of creativity
      • Environments harnessing innovation
      • Management of technological change and emerging companies
      Subject areas in Engineering Management
      • Strategic and operations management
      • Management of design and consulting engineering organizations.
      • Systems engineering
      • Systems engineering management
      • Program and project management
      • Technology management of research and development
      • Technology transfer commercialization
      • Technology forecasting
      • Emerging technologies in innovation and new product development
      • Organization and work system design
      • Economics of engineering
      • Quantitative methods and models
      • Knowledge and information management
      • Quality management

      The journal Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) has no restrictions on the length of manuscripts, provided that the text is concise and comprehensive. Full experimental details must be provided so that the results can be reproduced. JATEM requires that authors publish all experimental controls and make full datasets available where possible.

    • Author Guidelines

      Manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) should neither be published before nor be under consideration for publication in another journal. Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) is an Open Access journal.

      Contributions to the journal shall be submitted in the English language.

      The main article types are as follows:
      • Articles: Original research manuscripts. The journal considers all original research manuscripts provided that the work reports scientifically sound experiments and provides a substantial amount of new information. Authors should not unnecessarily divide their work into several related manuscripts, although Short Communications of preliminary, but significant, results will be considered. The quality and impact of the study will be considered during peer review.
      • Technical Note: Manuscripts covering design and technical details in support of an article (which may have been published in an external journal) or may be stand-alone. The content must match the criteria for technical details given so that the work could be duplicated by others. Details may be combined into a single paper or, for complex projects, several manuscripts related to distinct technologies may be submitted. A brief abstract covering the previously published manuscript, along with a reference to the paper, should be provided as well as an additional section covering background, likely impact and objectives. For stand-alone Technical Notes, authors must include the background as well as state the need and objective for the manuscript.
      • Reviews: These provide concise and precise updates on the latest progress made in a given area of research. Reviews should cover systematic reviews and meta-analyses.
      • Commentary: Commentaries must provide an in-depth, rather than superficial, review of a topic, showing a novel way of interpreting the scientific literature. Articles are usually identified as commentaries rather than scientific papers if they contain material that is deemed to be open to interpretation, rather than empirically proven. Commentaries must contain reasoned arguments, not just arguments expressing the emotions of the author (although the emotional responses from the public may be included as an argument). Commentaries must be concise, well-argued, and erudite, as well as being written to a very high standard of English. All submissions will be submitted for peer review.
      • Case/Field Report: These present the details and evaluation of existing systems and will be published when the adequate background is available, and conclusions can be supported by quantifiable laboratory or field results. Case/Field Reports should contribute to the existing knowledge in the field and discuss system characteristics, management/operational procedures, the methodology for key measurements or laboratory procedures, and significant findings.
      Submission process

      The manuscripts should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief as an attachment to the e-mail address: Ova adresa el. pošte je zaštićena od spambotova. Omogućite JavaScript da biste je videli.. The submitting author, who is generally the corresponding author, is responsible for the manuscript during the submission and peer-review process. The submitting author must ensure that all eligible co-authors have been included in the author list and that they have all read and approved the submitted version of the manuscript.

      Accepted File Formats

      The authors must use the Microsoft Word template to prepare their manuscripts. Using the template file will substantially shorten the time to complete copy-editing and publication of accepted manuscripts.

      Manuscripts prepared in Microsoft Word must be converted into a single file before submission. When preparing manuscripts in Microsoft Word, the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management Microsoft Word template file must be used. Please insert your graphics (schemes, figures, etc.) in the main text after the paragraph of its first citation, as illustrated in the template.

      MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION
      General Considerations

      Manuscripts should comprise:

      • Front matter: Title, Author list, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords
      • Research manuscript sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion (Results and Discussion can be combined), Conclusions (optional)
      • Back matter: Supplementary Materials, Acknowledgments, Author Contributions, Conflicts of Interest, References

      Abbreviations should be defined in parentheses the first time they appear in the abstract, main text, and figure or table captions and used consistently thereafter.

      SI Units (International System of Units) should be used. Imperial, US customary and other units should be converted to SI units whenever possible.

      Equations: Please use the Microsoft Equation Editor. Equations should be editable by the editorial office and not appear in a picture format.

      Research Data and supplementary materials: Note that the publication of your manuscript implies that you must make all materials, data, and protocols associated with the publication available to readers. Disclose at the submission stage any restrictions on the availability of materials or information. Read the information about Supplementary Materials and Data Deposit for additional guidelines.

      Preregistration: Where authors have preregistered studies or analysis plans, links to the preregistration must be provided in the manuscript.

      FRONT MATTER

      These sections should appear in all manuscript types

      • Title: The title of your manuscript should be concise, specific and relevant. It should identify if the study reports (human or animal) trial data, or is a systematic review, meta-analysis or replication study.
      • Author List and Affiliations: Authors' full first and last names must be provided. The initials of any middle names can be added. The PubMed/MEDLINE standard format is used for affiliations: complete address information including city, zip code, state/province, and country. At least one author should be designated as the corresponding author, and his or her email address and other details should be included at the end of the affiliation section. Please read the criteria to qualify for authorship.
      • Abstract: The abstract should be a total of about 200 words maximum, or above if necessary. The abstract should be a single paragraph and should follow the style of structured abstracts but without headings: 1) Background: Place the question addressed in a broad context and highlight the purpose of the study; 2) Methods: Describe briefly the main methods or treatments applied. Include any relevant preregistration numbers, and species and strains of any animals used. 3) Results: Summarize the article's main findings; and 4) Conclusion: Indicate the main conclusions or interpretations. The abstract should be an objective representation of the article: it must not contain results that are not presented and substantiated in the main text and should not exaggerate the main conclusions.
      • Keywords: Three to ten pertinent keywords need to be added after the abstract. We recommend that the keywords are specific to the article, yet reasonably common within the subject discipline.
      RESEARCH MANUSCRIPT SECTIONS
      • Introduction: The introduction should briefly place the study in a broad context and highlight why it is important. It should define the purpose of the work and its significance, including specific hypotheses being tested. The current state of the research field should be reviewed carefully and key publications cited. Please highlight controversial and diverging hypotheses when necessary. Finally, briefly mention the main aim of the work and highlight the main conclusions. Keep the introduction comprehensible to scientists working outside the topic of the paper.
      • Materials and Methods: They should be described with sufficient detail to allow others to replicate and build on published results. New methods and protocols should be described in detail while well-established methods can be briefly described and appropriately cited. Give the name and version of any software used and make clear whether the computer code used is available. Include any pre-registration codes.
      • Results: Provide a concise and precise description of the experimental results, their interpretation as well as the experimental conclusions that can be drawn.
      • Discussion: Authors should discuss the results and how they can be interpreted from the perspective of previous studies and of the working hypotheses. The findings and their implications should be discussed in the broadest context possible and limitations of the work highlighted. Future research directions may also be mentioned. This section may be combined with Results.
      • Conclusions: This section is not mandatory, but can be added to the manuscript if the discussion is unusually long or complex.
      BACK MATTER
      • Supplementary Materials: Describe any supplementary material published online alongside the manuscript (figure, tables, video, spreadsheets, etc.). Please indicate the name and title of each element as follows Figure S1: title, Table S1: title, etc.
      • Acknowledgments: All sources of funding of the study should be disclosed. Indicate grants that you have received in support of your research work and if you received funds to cover publication costs.
      • Author Contributions: Each author is expected to have made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work; or have drafted the work or substantively revised it; and has approved the submitted version (and version substantially edited by journal staff that involves the author’s contribution to the study); and agrees to be personally accountable for the author’s contributions and for ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work, even ones in which the author was not personally involved, are appropriately investigated, resolved, and documented in the literature.
        For research articles with several authors, a short paragraph specifying their contributions must be provided. The following statements should be used "Conceptualization, X.X. and Y.Y.; Methodology, X.X.; Software, X.X.; Validation, X.X., Y.Y. and Z.Z.; Formal Analysis, X.X.; Investigation, X.X.; Resources, X.X.; Data Curation, X.X.; Writing – Original Draft Preparation, X.X.; Writing – Review & Editing, X.X.; Visualization, X.X.; Supervision, X.X.; Project Administration, X.X.; Funding Acquisition, Y.Y.”.
      • Conflicts of Interest: Authors must identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of reported research results. If there is no conflict of interest, please state "The authors declare no conflict of interest." Any role of the funding sponsors in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results must be declared in this section. If there is no role, please state “The founding sponsors had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, and in the decision to publish the results”.
      • References: References must be numbered in order of appearance in the text (including table captions and figure legends) and listed individually at the end of the manuscript. We recommend preparing the references with a bibliography software package Zotero to avoid typing mistakes and duplicated references. We encourage citations to data, computer code and other citable research material. If available online, you may use reference style 9. below.

      Citations and References in Supplementary files are permitted provided that they also appear in the main text and the reference list.

      In the text, reference numbers should be placed in square brackets [ ], and placed before the punctuation; for example [1], [1–3] or [1,3]. For embedded citations in the text with pagination, use both parentheses and brackets to indicate the reference number and page numbers; for example [5] (p. 10). or [6] (pp. 101–105).

      The reference list should include the full title, as recommended by the ACS style guide. Style files Zotero are available https://www.zotero.org/styles/?q=id%3Amultidisciplinary-digital-publishing-institute (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)

      References should be described as follows, depending on the type of work:

      • Journal Articles:
        1. Author 1, A.B.; Author 2, C.D. Title of the article. Abbreviated Journal Name Year, Volume, page range.
      • Books and Book Chapters:
        2. Author 1, A.; Author 2, B. Book Title, 3rd ed.; Publisher: Publisher Location, Country, Year; pp. 154–196.
        3. Author 1, A.; Author 2, B. Title of the chapter. In Book Title, 2nd ed.; Editor 1, A., Editor 2, B., Eds.; Publisher: Publisher Location, Country, Year; Volume 3, pp. 154–196.
      • Unpublished work, submitted work, personal communication:
        4. Author 1, A.B.; Author 2, C. Title of Unpublished Work. status (unpublished; manuscript in preparation).
        5. Author 1, A.B.; Author 2, C. Title of Unpublished Work. Abbreviated Journal Name stage of publication (under review; accepted; in press).
        6. Author 1, A.B. (University, City, State, Country); Author 2, C. (Institute, City, State, Country). Personal communication, Year.
      • Conference Proceedings:
        7. Author 1, A.B.; Author 2, C.D.; Author 3, E.F. Title of Presentation. In Title of the Collected Work (if available), Proceedings of the Name of the Conference, Location of Conference, Country, Date of Conference; Editor 1, Editor 2, Eds. (if available); Publisher: City, Country, Year (if available); Abstract Number (optional), Pagination (optional).
      • Thesis:
        8. Author 1, A.B. Title of Thesis. Level of Thesis, Degree-Granting University, Location of University, Date of Completion.
      • Websites:
        9. Title of Site. Available online: URL (accessed on Day Month Year).Unlike published works, websites may change over time or disappear, so we encourage you to create an archive of the cited website. Archived websites should be cited using the link provided as follows:
        10. Title of Site. URL (archived on Day Month Year).
      PREPARING FIGURES, SCHEMES AND TABLES
      • File for Figures and Schemes must be provided during submission in a single zip archive and at a sufficiently high resolution (minimum 1000 pixels width/height, or a resolution of 300 dpi or higher). Common formats are accepted, however, TIFF, JPEG, EPS and PDF are preferred.
      • All Figures, Schemes and Tables should be inserted into the main text close to their first citation and must be numbered following their number of appearance (Figure 1, Scheme I, Figure 2, Scheme II, Table 1, etc.).
      • All Figures, Schemes and Tables should have a short explanatory title and caption.
      • All table columns should have an explanatory heading. To facilitate the copy-editing of larger tables, smaller fonts may be used, but no less than 8 pt. in size. Authors should use the Table option of Microsoft Word to create tables.
      • Authors are encouraged to prepare figures and schemes in color (RGB at 8-bit per channel). There is no cost for publishing full color graphics.
      PUBLICATION ETHICS

      The editors of this journal enforce a rigorous peer-review process together with strict ethical policies and standards to ensure to add high quality scientific works to the field of scholarly publication. Unfortunately, cases of plagiarism, data falsification, image manipulation, inappropriate authorship credit, and the like, do arise. The editors of Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management take such publishing ethics issues very seriously and are trained to proceed in such cases with a zero tolerance policy.

      Authors wishing to publish their papers in Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management must abide to the following:

      • Any facts that might be perceived as a possible conflict of interest of the author(s) must be disclosed in the paper prior to submission.
      • Authors should accurately present their research findings and include an objective discussion of the significance of their findings.
      • Data and methods used in the research need to be presented in sufficient detail in the paper, so that other researchers can replicate the work.
      • Simultaneous submission of manuscripts to more than one journal is not tolerated.
      • Republishing content that is not novel is not tolerated (for example, an English translation of a paper that is already published in another language will not be accepted).
      • If errors and inaccuracies are found by the authors after publication of their paper, they need to be promptly communicated to the editors of this journal so that appropriate actions can be taken.
      • Your manuscript should not contain any information that has already been published. If you include already published figures or images, please obtain the necessary permission from the copyright holder to publish under the CC-BY license.
      • Plagiarism, data fabrication and image manipulation are not tolerated.
      REVIEWER SUGGESTIONS

      During the submission process, please suggest three potential reviewers with the appropriate expertise to review the manuscript. The editors will not necessarily approach these referees. Please provide detailed contact information (address, e-mail address). The proposed referees should neither be current collaborators of the co-authors nor have published with any of the co-authors of the manuscript within the last five years. Proposed reviewers should be from different institutions to the authors. You may identify appropriate Editorial Board members of the journal as potential reviewers. You may suggest reviewers from among the authors that you frequently cite in your paper.

      EDITORIAL PROCEDURES AND PEER-REVIEW

      Initial Checks

      All submitted manuscripts received by the Editorial Office will be checked by a professional in-house Managing Editor to determine whether they are properly prepared and whether they follow the ethical policies of the journal. Manuscripts that do not fit the journal's ethics policy or do not meet the standards of the journal will be rejected before peer-review. Manuscripts that are not properly prepared will be returned to the authors for revision and resubmission. After these checks, the Managing Editor will consult the journals’ Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editors to determine whether the manuscript fits the scope of the journal and whether it is scientifically sound. No judgment on the potential impact of the work will be made at this stage. Reject decisions at this stage will be verified by the Editor-in-Chief.

      Peer-Review

      Once a manuscript passes the initial checks, it will be assigned to at least two independent experts for peer-review. A double-blind peer-review process is applied, where authors' identities are not known to reviewers.

      In the case of regular submissions, in-house assistant editors will invite experts, including recommendations by an academic editor. These experts may also include Editorial Board members and Guest Editors of the journal. Potential reviewers suggested by the authors may also be considered. Reviewers should not have published with any of the co-authors during the past five years and should not currently work or collaborate with any of the institutions of the co-authors of the submitted manuscript.

      Editorial Decision and Revision

      All the articles, reviews and communications published in Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management go through the peer-review process and receive at least two reviews . The in-house editor will communicate the decision of the academic editor, which will be one of the following:

      • Accept after Minor Revisions: The paper is in principle accepted after revision based on the reviewer’s comments. Authors are given five days for minor revisions.
      • Reconsider after Major Revisions: The acceptance of the manuscript would depend on the revisions. The author needs to provide a point by point response or provide a rebuttal if some of the reviewer’s comments cannot be revised. Usually, only one round of major revisions is allowed. However, if the authors provide sound reasoned response that in the eyes of the editor/s or reviewers merits another round, it will be allowed. Similarly, new authors and authors where English is a second language are granted leeway here, as the journal’s primary objective is to promote quality technology and we will strive to reduce barriers such as language and/or inexperience, as long as the underlying science and technology is of quality, relevance and clearly visible in the manuscript. In each case, authors will be asked to resubmit the revised paper within a suitable time frame, and the revised version will be returned to the reviewer/s for further comments. In the case of a Major Revision ruling where the reviewer is mentoring a new scientist (which should be noted in the first submission packet) and provides guidance by suggesting that the scope of original manuscript is not original enough for publication and provides suggestions redirecting the scope of the article; as long as the author’s follow these directions, or similar action, the paper will continue as normal. However, should the authors ignore this redirection advice, the article will most likely be rejected on the next round.
      • Suspended and Encourage Resubmission: If additional experiments are needed to support the conclusions, or more time is needed than is possible under normal Major revision pathway, the manuscript will be suspended, and the authors will be encouraged to re-submit the paper once further experiments have been conducted and or re-direction course followed. Upon re-submission the submission date will be reset, and the paper will be treated as a new submission.
      • Reject: The article has serious flaws, and/or makes no original significant contribution. No offer of resubmission to the journal is provided. If the authors later re-submit this, after making major revisions, the authors must alert the editors that this article was previously rejected.

      All reviewer comments should be responded to in a point-by-point fashion. Where the authors disagree with a reviewer, they must provide a clear response. New scientists and engineers should take notice that in the case where there are numerous reviewer concerns; the reviewer may very well stop reviewing the article and simply make a decision and thereby the authors should not assume that what the reviewer pointed out is the only thing wrong with the manuscript. It is not the reviewer’s job to write the article for the authors; hence the authors should strive to go back through the manuscript and keep in mind the reviewer’s concerns and see where else in the manuscript that this advice could and should be applied and be diligent in making all necessary corrections and modifications. If you need help, please ask, we will do our best to mentor new scientists and put them on a path to success.

      Production and Publication

      Once accepted, the manuscript will undergo professional copy-editing, English editing, proofreading by the authors, final corrections, pagination, and, publication on the http://www.fimek.edu.rs/jatem.html website.

      For any clarification, please see the Article Template on journal’s website.

    • Article Template

      Article Template
  • ARTICLE PROCESSING CHARGE

    All articles published in Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (ISSN 2620-1755) are published in full open access. An article processing charge (APC) of 100 EUR (Euros) applies to papers accepted after peer review.

    Please note that for papers submitted after 15 November 2022, an APC of 100 EUR will apply.

    Local VAT or Sales Tax will be added if applicable.

    Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Note that many national and private research funding organizations and universities explicitly cover APCs for articles resulting from funded research projects.

  • FOR REVIEWERS

    Guidelines for Reviewers

    Peer review is an essential part of the publication process, ensuring that the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management maintains high-quality standards for its published papers. Reviewing is often an unseen and unrewarded task. We are striving to recognize the efforts of reviewers.

    Invitation to Review

    Manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management are reviewed by at least two experts. Reviewers are asked to evaluate the quality of the manuscript and to provide a recommendation to the external editor on whether a manuscript can be accepted, requires revisions, or should be rejected.

    We ask invited reviewers to:

    • accept or decline any invitations quickly, based on the manuscript title and abstract;
    • suggest alternative reviewers if an invitation must be declined;
    • request an extension in case more time is required to compose a report.

    As part of the assessment, reviewers will be asked:

    • to rate the originality, significance, quality of the presentation, scientific soundness, interest to the readers, overall merit, and English level of the manuscript;
    • to look at the reference list of the manuscript;
    • to provide an overall recommendation for the publication of the manuscript;
    • to provide a detailed, constructive review report.
    Potential Conflicts of Interests

    We ask reviewers to inform the journal editor if they hold a conflict of interests that may prejudice the review report, either positively or negatively. The editorial office will check as far as possible before the invitation, however, we appreciate the cooperation of reviewers in this matter. Reviewers who are invited to assess a manuscript they previously reviewed for another journal should not consider this as a conflict of interest in itself. In this case, reviewers should feel free to let us know if the manuscript has been improved or not compared to the previous version.

    Confidentiality and Anonymity

    Reviewers should keep the content of the manuscript, including the abstract, confidential. The Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management operate single or double-blind peer review. Reviewers should be careful not to reveal their identity to the authors, either in their comments or in metadata for reports submitted in Microsoft Word or PDF format.

    Peer-Review and Editorial Procedure

    All manuscripts sent for publication in the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management are strictly and thoroughly peer-reviewed by experts (this includes research and review articles, spontaneous submissions, and invited papers). The Managing Editor of the journal will perform an initial check of the manuscript’s suitability upon receipt. The Editorial Office will then organize the peer-review process performed by independent experts and collect at least two review reports per manuscript. We ask our authors for adequate revisions (with the second round of peer-review if necessary) before a final decision is made. The final decision is made by the academic editor usually the Editor-in-Chief. Accepted articles are copy-edited and English-edited.

    Initial Checks

    All submitted manuscripts received by the Editorial Office will be checked by a professional in-house Managing Editor to determine whether they are properly prepared and whether they follow the ethical policies of the journal. Manuscripts that do not fit the journal's ethics policy or do not meet the standards of the journal will be rejected before peer-review. Manuscripts that are not properly prepared will be returned to the authors for revision and resubmission. After these checks, the Managing Editor will consult the journals’ Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editors to determine whether the manuscript fits the scope of the journal and whether it is scientifically sound. No judgment on the potential impact of the work will be made at this stage. Reject decisions at this stage will be verified by the Editor-in-Chief.

    Peer-Review

    Once a manuscript passes the initial checks, it will be assigned to at least two independent experts for peer review. A double-blind peer-review process is applied, where authors' identities are not known to reviewers.

    In the case of regular submissions, in-house assistant editors will invite experts, including recommendations by an academic editor. These experts may also include Editorial Board members and Guest Editors of the journal. Potential reviewers suggested by the authors may also be considered. Reviewers should not have published with any of the co-authors during the past five years and should not currently work or collaborate with any of the institutions of the co-authors of the submitted manuscript.

    Editorial Decision and Revision

    All the articles, reviews, and communications published in the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management go through the peer-review process and receive at least two reviews. The in-house editor will communicate the decision of the academic editor, which will be one of the following:

    Accept after Minor Revisions: The paper is in principle accepted after revision based on the reviewer’s comments. Authors are given five days for minor revisions.

    Reconsider after Major Revisions: The acceptance of the manuscript would depend on the revisions. The author needs to provide a point-by-point response or provide a rebuttal if some of the reviewer’s comments cannot be revised. Usually, only one round of major revisions is allowed. However, if the authors provide a sound reasoned response that in the eyes of the editor/s or reviewers merits another round, it will be allowed. Similarly, new authors and authors where English is a second language are granted leeway here, as the journal’s primary objective is to promote quality technology and we will strive to reduce barriers such as language and/or inexperience, as long as the underlying science and technology are of quality, relevance and visible in the manuscript. In each case, authors will be asked to resubmit the revised paper within a suitable time frame, and the revised version will be returned to the reviewer/s for further comments. In the case of a Major Revision ruling where the reviewer is mentoring a new scientist (which should be noted in the first submission packet) and guides by suggesting that the scope of the original manuscript is not original enough for publication and provides suggestions redirecting the scope of the article; as long as the authors follow these directions or similar action, the paper will continue as normal. However, should the authors ignore this redirection advice, the article will most likely be rejected in the next round.

    Suspended and Encourage Resubmission: If additional experiments are needed to support the conclusions, or more time is needed than is possible under a normal Major revision pathway, the manuscript will be suspended, and the authors will be encouraged to re-submit the paper once further experiments have been conducted and or re-direction course followed. Upon re-submission, the submission date will be reset, and the paper will be treated as a new submission.

    Reject: The article has serious flaws, and/or makes no original significant contribution. No offer of resubmission to the journal is provided. If the authors later re-submit this, after making major revisions, the authors must alert the editors that this article was previously rejected.

    All reviewer comments should be responded to in a point-by-point fashion. Where the authors disagree with a reviewer, they must provide a clear response. New scientists and engineers should take notice that in the case where there are numerous reviewer concerns; the reviewer may very well stop reviewing the article and simply make a decision and thereby the authors should not assume that what the reviewer pointed out is the only thing wrong with the manuscript. It is not the reviewer’s job to write the article for the authors; hence the authors should strive to go back through the manuscript and keep in mind the reviewer’s concerns and see where else in the manuscript that this advice could and should be applied and be diligent in making all necessary corrections and modifications. If you need help, please ask, we will do our best to mentor new scientists and put them on a path to success.

    Production and Publication

    Once accepted, the manuscript will undergo professional copy-editing, English editing, proofreading by the authors, final corrections, pagination, and, publication on the www.fimek.edu.rs/jatem.html website.

    For any clarification, reviewers are asked to see the Article Template on the journal’s website.

  • PUBLISHING ETHICS

    Defined ethical standards in the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) are intended to publish original scientific papers, with the aim of not violating any rights (author’s, publishing, scientific, state, human, etc.). The Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) publication ethics encourages integrity in the research and peer review process and prohibits any malpractices regarding publication. For all broader interpretations of ethical rights than those listed below, the Editorial Board of the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) will apply internationally accepted ethical principles in the area of Publishing Ethics Publishing COPE – Code of conduct and best practice guidelines for journal editors.

    Plagiarism

    In scientific publishing, plagiarism arises when the author uses the scientific material of another author, without permission, credit, or acknowledgment. Plagiarism, where someone assumes another’s ideas, words, or other creative expression is a clear violation of scientific ethics. Plagiarism may also involve a violation of copyright law. Plagiarism takes different forms, from literal copying to paraphrasing another work.

    In the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) may be published and manuscripts with a scientific conference, but only in the form of expanded research. At the end of these manuscripts, the basic information about a scientific conference is specified where a short version of the scientific paper was published.

    Plagiarism includes the following:

    Word for word, or almost word for word copying, or purposely paraphrasing portions of another author’s work without clearly indicating the source or marking the copied fragment (for example, using quotation marks);

    Copying equations, figures, or tables from someone else’s paper without properly citing the source and/or without permission from the original author or copyright holder.

    The procedure for publishing papers before publication requires that every manuscript be checked on plagiarism. All manuscripts are checked for plagiarism by using specialized software’s Plagiarism Detector and iThenticate. Any manuscript that has indications of plagiarism, will be automatically rejected following the Retraction policy of the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM).

    Duplicate Submission

    The manuscripts that are published in identical form in other places, will not be published in the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM). In case the manuscripts satisfy the software’s control on plagiarism, and subsequently, it turns out that it is before publication in the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) has already been published in another journal, it will be retracted following Retraction policy of Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM).

    Citation Manipulation

    Submitted manuscripts that are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author’s work, or articles published in a particular journal, will incur citation manipulation sanctions.

    Data Fabrication and Falsification

    Submitted manuscripts that are found to be expressed substances in them (originality of the method, research results, conclusions, tables, figures, etc.) arbitrarily listed or falsified, will be treated as falsification. Under the Retraction Policy of the Journal of Agronomy, Technology, and Engineering Management (JATEM) Editorial Board, these manuscripts will be discarded.

    Improper Author Contribution or Attribution

    All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. It is important to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians.

    Redundant Publications

    Redundant publications involve the inappropriate division of study outcomes into several articles.

    Retraction policy

    The aim of the Retraction policy Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) is to regulate the legal obligations of the publisher, or the protection of the copyright holder and author. The main purpose of retractions is to correct the literature and ensure its integrity rather than to punish authors who misbehave. The retraction policy of the Editorial Board is based on the fact that minor errors in the manuscript submission can be substantially corrected and after the publication, while due to heavy abuse manuscripts can be discarded.

    Тhе essence of Retraction policy of Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) Publications is to retract manuscripts as soon as possible after the Editor-in-Chief is convinced that the publication is seriously flawed and misleading (or is redundant or plagiarised). To aim is to minimize the number of researchers who cite the erroneous work, act on its findings or draw incorrect conclusions, such as from ‘double counting’ redundant publications in meta-analyses or similar instances.

    In the notices of retraction, there are specified the reasons and basis for the retraction, to distinguish cases of misconduct from those of honest error. Corrections will be published in the journal. The authors and title of the retracted article will be specified in the retraction heading. Retracted articles will not be removed from the journal electronic archives but their retracted status will be indicated.

    Retracted articles should be identified in all electronic sources (e.g. on the journal website and any bibliographic databases).

    By opening this article, diagonally on each page of the article will be written that the article is withdrawn.

    In the case of a gross violation of ethical standards relating to authors, the Editorial Board of the journal shall withdraw the publication, under the recommendations of the Board of Publishing Ethics COPE – Retraction guidelines.

    To apply the highest standards in ethical publishing, the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) advises reviewers to base their work on the recommendations of the Committee for Publishing Ethics COPE – COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers.

    Sanctions

    In case of non-compliance with the prescribed policy of the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) Editorial Board predicted the following sanctions:

    • Refusal publishing manuscripts,
    • Prohibition of publication of works for 2 years for authors who have been grossly violated on the ethics of publication,
    • Prohibiting authors to participate in the work of the journal (reviewers, editorial board, etc.) for 2 years.

    Editorial Board of the Journal of Agronomy, Technology and Engineering Management (JATEM) may apply additional sanctions for severe ethical violations.

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